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Bolshevik revolution

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Introduction

The Bolsheviks came to power because of a number of events and factors that assisted them. The breakdown of opposition was an important factor that helped their success: The Social Revolutionaries were weak and divided ; for fear of betraying the revolution- they did not really want a revolution. The Provisional Government did little to deal with its opponents. Even after the Bolsheviks rebelled in July 1917, they allowed Lenin to preach messages to the people. The Kornilov affair also increased their popularity: the Provisional Government asked them for help in defeating Kornilov. This decreased the popularity of the Provisional Government, while increasing the Bolshevik support. They seemed strong and capable of solving problems to the people; no one raised a finger when the members of the Provisional Government were arrested. The Bolsheviks did have the support of the Petrograd soldiers and workers, which enabled them to survive, although the workers were only a small percentage of the people. ...read more.

Middle

This added to their popularity, and support consisted mainly of workers and peasants. The Civil War was also a major influence in their survival, although it was designed to overthrow them. The Bolsheviks came to be seen as the only alternative to restore society. Russia suffered an economic collapse, leading to the breakdown of the alliance between workers, soldiers and peasants. The army disintegrated and hostility developed between city and countryside as workers supported the forcible request of peasant gain because of their hunger. Meanwhile, economic collapse caused problems also between the city and the countryside. This 'collapse' of Russia's society meant that people became desperate for change. The Provisional Government was not offering this; their stance was the decision to continue with the war, which was very unpopular amongst the majority of the people. ...read more.

Conclusion

They managed this by getting rid of their opponents through strategic planning and by taking power at the right moment- when their opponents lacked any support or power. With regard to the Provisional Government, if the government had offered solutions to unrest and the existing problems, there would have been more competition and possibly many people would have supported them, instead of the Bolsheviks. However, the Bolsheviks promised to provide the basic needs of the people, which would benefit nearly every social group. The Bolsheviks were organised in times of uprising and war, and were a good solution for many soldiers, workers and peasants. Therefore while it is clear that different factors enabled the Bolsheviks to take power, their determined attitude and important and strategic planning relating to the events at that time, meant that they could in the end, take control in a calm, organised manner. 'What is taking place here is not a conspiracy but a resurrection' Sarah Fretwell ...read more.

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