• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Both sources A and B are interpretations by historians attempting to explain the Long March - They disagree on what they tell us. Why is this the case?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework Assignment Year 11 CHINA IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY Question 1 Both sources A and B are interpretations by historians attempting to explain the Long March. They disagree on what they tell us. Why is this the case? Explain your answer using Sources A and B and your own knowledge. [10 marks] (500 words) Source A's interpretation of the Long March makes the Red Army seem heroic. The commitment and sheer determination that enabled the several hundred thousand men to cover 6000 miles in a year is aimed to amaze the audience. The three Chinese historians say that the 'Red Army defeated all KMT attempts to overtake, surround and destroy it.' This is an exaggeration from the authors, as they do not mention that the Red Army suffered losses of over 80%. They have decided not to mention this fact intentionally as the purpose of this source is to present the Red Army as a success. Many people supported the Chinese Communist Party however in the source they say 'it received support of people all along its route and victoriously completed its historic mission.' This statement I feel is extravagant to persuade the reader of the Red Army's qualities. I can see why the three Chinese historians have used the word 'unconquerable'. In 1937 when Japan began a full-scale invasion of China it bought terrible hardship to the people. ...read more.

Middle

It is really during the Long March that a large portion of Chinese population first encountered and subsequently adopted the Marxist beliefs. Nevertheless, the Chinese Communist Party suffered heavy casualties. From the 100 000 members who departed only 20 000 arrived at destination, including the newcomers recruited along the way. The Long March was probably the key event that brought the Chinese Communist Party to power. The success of this first step yielded a formula that greatly influenced the upcoming events in communist China. The Long March is still seen as one of the most important events in China's history for the following effects: 1) It kept Communism alive in China (LT) 2) It was a huge practical and propagandist victory. The soldiers were marching through the countryside spreading the ideas of communism. Soon everybody was talking about Mao Tse- tung and the fantastic story of human determination. (ST) 3) This march established Mao Tse-tung as the main leader of the Chinese Communist Party. (ST) The 1911 Revolution of the Double Tenth overthrew the old imperial regime and a period of Nationalist government of China began. This was the end of 4,000 years of the hated Manchu Dynasty. China was ruled by the Kuomintang, under Dr Sun Yat- Sen. The new government faced threats from local warlords and the Japanese. ...read more.

Conclusion

A long-term effect of the Long March is that people did not have any freedom of thought because they had to follow Communist rules and were subjected to endless propaganda. Both the Tiananmen Square massacre and Long March had a high death toll, which had a dramatic short-term effect. However the Long March resulted in victory for communism and defeat for the pro democratic demonstrations. The victory from the Long March however had a greater impact on Chinese history as it had a long term effect on society as communist ideas were put in place whereas at the Tiananman Square massacre nothing was achieved only lives were lost. Conclusion The commitment and sheer determination that enabled the remaining troops to survive the Long March helped the Chinese Communists establish themselves as the future leaders of China. Mao Tse- tung's strategic genius helped establish the Chinese Communist Party as indestructible. Because of his guerrilla warfare tactics during the campaigns and his ability to know what the Kuomintang and Chiang Kai-shek were going to do, he brought a sense of mystery and power to his Party. From comparing the Long March against other events in the Twentieth Century such as the 1911 Revolution and the Tiananmen Square massacre I can see that the Long March had the greatest impact on Chinese history. Had the Long March never occurred, it is quite possible that China would be today under Japanese rule. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Long March is embedded deep in the psychology of the Chinese communist party. ...

    For most, that has not been a problem. But there are two groups with their own developed sense of civilisation and nation - the Tibetans and the Uighurs. China invaded Tibet in the 1950s and has annexed the formerly independent country as a province - sending the Dalai Lama into exile.

  2. American History.

    - On the naval front the British had no problem keeping their hold over the oceans and, by 1814, was blockading almost every American port, which led the US gov't to the brink of bankruptcy. - In the Great Lakes a shipbuilding race began, which the US won, leading to

  1. Why does the Chinese government at the start of the 21st c. refuse to ...

    Heavy and unfair taxes were introduced and enforced ruthlessly. There was an uprising of students and urban workers that even prevented the government from signing the Treaty of Versailles. The Chinese peasantry and much of the city population saw just how weak the democracy was proving to be. With the formation of the Chinese Communist Party in 1920 and

  2. The government in China today is communist.

    Schools were established and arranged marriages were abolished. The people of China today may feel gratitude towards the Communists for freeing them from feudal duties. When the Communists came to power the parties aim was to be a "people's democratic dictatorship".

  1. "The unpredictable events in China during the 20th Century make the future of Hong ...

    If the mainland was to be given to that administration, then it would have been greatly exploited for it's money and technology. And soon would have become like the rest of China - destitute. In 1966, in order to return to the basics of Communism, Mao started the scariest campaign in his career known as the "Cultural Revolution".

  2. Russia: a Century of Upheaval.

    The second reason was just as horrific in the minds of the west. The newly formed Russian government was considering leaving the First World War, and making peace with Germany. If this had happened, millions of German soldiers would have been free to move to the western front, where they

  1. Evaluation of key sources to address the question of increased tension

    It also helps us to analyze the aspect of increased tension. The source suggests a definite increase, most notably between the US and the Soviets. The picture shows their fierce competition in Khrushchev's face. Another source of the period is source A2; this is a primary source photograph showing an American U2 spy plane flying over Soviet territory.

  2. Select and explain the most important turning points in Senator Joe McCarthy's political career

    This appalling accusation was not popular, and Robert Welch completely wiped the floor with him. McCarthy's time was gone; he was disgraced, and lost all his influence. Explain the part played by Lee Harvey Oswald in the assassination of President Kennedy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work