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British advances in technology won the battle of the Atlantic

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Introduction

'British advances in technology won the battle of the Atlantic' discuss. The battle of the Atlantic started in September 1939, this continued through the war and was happening whilst the other events in the war where gong on, including the "battle for Britain". In the battle of the Atlantic the Germans had realised that they could not compete with the British surface ships and introduced the U-Boats which where German submarines; these where used to attack the British main supply lines which ran through the Atlantic Ocean and where vital for the success of Britain. I will be looking at the evidence to come to a conclusion on whether I agree with the view that Britain won the battle of the Atlantic through advances in technology For the first section I will be looking at the British weakness and German strengths through September 1939 to June 1941; at the events in the battle of the Atlantic leading to the transition phase. Because the British surface ships where in power and the Germans could not compete against them, the German used U-boats. The U-boats where initially very affective against the British ships because the British had little technology to deal with them effectively, this can be seen by the British loosing 4.8 million tonne between September 1939 and December 1940. ...read more.

Middle

This shows that the Germans had some good advantages that the British could not yet compete with effectively. From June 1941 to January 1943 was know as the transition times and is the period when the British began to develop the technology and methods to successfully defeat the Germans in the battle of the Atlantic. Here I will be looking at the German weaknesses in this time and the British strengths that lead to them wining the battle of the Atlantic. One important factors which left the Germans U-Boat attacks as less effective was because of the distribution of resources, this happens with Hitler who refused to give the Leader of the U-Boats Doenitz any more resources; meaning that he would only be allowed 6 U-Boats in a field. This hindered the performance of the Germans and suggests that maybe one of the important reasons that the British won was because of the fact that the Germans did not have enough U-Boats to fight the British effectively in the Atlantic. Another minor factor for the Germans was that they failed to see the British advances in technology and respond effectively, this is because they did not use many scientists to help develop the U-Boats and this left them with a lack of counter part technology to defend against the British. ...read more.

Conclusion

Captain Walker also realised the importance of the aircraft and effectively communicated with the RAF and used the aircraft carriers to close the gap in the Atlantic and destroy the U-Boats easier. This shows that the technology used made a massive difference and allowed them to communicate with the RAF and make the use of his tactics possible. Overall I do agree with the view that the British advance in technology won the battle of the Atlantic, this mainly because of the fact that the British where doing very badly when they did not have any means of effectively defending themselves against the German U-Boats. The technology and methods used by captain walker also demonstrate an effective use of resources and without the use of technology these methods would not be possible because they involver using the air force and depth charges From the evidence however I can also see that some of the main reasons that the British won was because of the Americans joining the war and lack of resources distributed for the German U-Boats, this greatly hindered them because they could not respond effectively to the British advances in technology ...read more.

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