• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

By 1947, the worries had grown for America towards the spread of communism in Western Europe.

Extracts from this document...


Section C Lloyd Griffiths By 1947, the worries had grown for America towards the spread of communism in Western Europe. Italy and France had both come close to electing communist governments and there was a fierce civil war going on in Greece between the Royalists and the Communists, who had lost the election to the Royalists in 1946 The guerrilla warfare that went on brought yet another country in Europe closer to be being a communist state. This was worrying the United States, as the felling of Greece would open a whole new area of the world as being susceptible to communism. If the Greek communists had won the civil war and taken power there, they would have almost definitely allied with Russia and would have allowed Russia to build military bases in Greece. These bases and use of warm water ports as naval bases would have allowed Russia to go two ways, towards Turkey where much violence and trouble was boiling up or towards Western Europe where much was to be gained from there, through protecting Russia's people through a larger buffer zone. ...read more.


Truman's whole speech was a change in Policy for America that was to say that America wanted to help and defend all the smaller countries under pressure from the large communist power that was emerging. It was Truman's view that all countries should be free of Political and Military oppression and that all countries should have their own free will and choice in elections. He was clearly announcing in this speech, not only his change of policy for the United States, but also saying that he would help to free any countries from oppression, and of course the main oppressor was Russia and communism, who gave no free elections or freedom to the countries they took over. The concerns that President Truman were mainly announcing from his speech were that of the plight of smaller countries, but also of the spread of communism. The spread of communism was clearly a huge threat against America and President Truman wanted to push it back and secure its place. This speech would have also been a warning to Stalin that America was beginning to 'fight' back after the communist capture of Eastern Europe. ...read more.


The other reason was that the destroyed countries would fall to Communism easily if they had nothing to defend or no money to help their cause. As it was announced in the Truman Doctrine, America was now helping smaller countries have their own freedom and if Western Europe was going to fight the threat of Communism, they needed America's support to do so. General Marshall's plan was to give Europe $13000 million (13 billion) of aid of food, loans, goods and gifts. At first the sum was rejected by congress but after communists overthrew the Czechoslovakian government, it gave Congress the message that communism wasn't going stop spreading and it gave the go ahead for the Marshall plan to be implemented. All the countries in Europe were offered Marshall Aid, even Russia, but they angrily rejected this and the whole of the U.S.S.R' s colonies were denied the chance to use the Aid. Stalin's reaction to Marshall aid was one that he thought it was trying to put pressure on European countries and force their beliefs with the money they had over everyone, this view showed by the Russian telling the 'Yankee go home' to Marshall aid. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    some of the countries of eastern Europe to break away from Communism. Marshall Aid was also intended to help here. * While the Truman Doctrine did not actually mention the Soviet Union, it was obvious that it was intended as a warning to Stalin that Truman was not going to

  2. The Marshall Plan.

    at extracting accurate lessons from his reading and from his own experience. In many respects, Marshall sought during World War II to avoid the mistakes he had witnessed in World War I and its immediate aftermath. Consequently, Marshall was increasingly disturbed after the autumn of 1945 at what he considered

  1. The Collapse of Communism in the USSR and Eastern Europe

    With the tight censorship exercised by Eastern regimes during this period, it may seem surprising that Western media so dramatically influenced areas such as Poland and Hungary, but highly developed technology had basically put an end to the shielding and isolating of peoples in communist countries.

  2. UN Middle East 1947

    It is more democratic to assign majority positions in certain areas than it is denying them. It is no surprise that the international community shunned the minority report (Resolution 181[I]). There are still questions of fairness though: the Jews only owned 7% of the total land available (the Arabs owned

  1. The Fall of Classical Greece

    When people became affected they often resorted to "unprecedented lawlessness"8. Many lost their entire family and died alone in the streets. The exact numbers are debatable but Attica likely lost one-quarter to one-third of its population9. The plague, in only the second year of a twenty-seven-year long war, is what ultimately drove the Athenian defeat.

  2. A New America: History of America's Escape from England

    engage in trade during war from which it was excluded during peacetime. Then, in December 1793, the British suddenly began seizing American ships in the West Indies. A cry went up for reprisals happened to lead to war, some Americans were ready.

  1. How valid is the claim that the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan saved ...

    This must mean that Stalin's hold over them was so tight, that they could not breakaway to accept this help. However, no country even tries to accept the offer - why? There would have been repercussions, but not fatal ones with the support of the West, and the benefits

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    BULL RUN, BATTLES OF), south of Washington, D.C.--resulting in a dramatic southern victory. Thereafter, both sides settled down to a long conflict. It became an immense struggle. With a total U.S. population of fewer than 32 million, the number of dead reached 620,000 (360,000 northerners out of an army of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work