• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

By What Methods and With What Success Did the Nazis Use Propaganda To Control The German People

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By What Methods and With What Success Did the Nazis Use Propaganda To Control The German People? Josef Gobbels said that the purpose and task of propaganda is "to simplify complicated ways of thinking that even the smallest man in the street may understand". Hitler and the Nazi regime did not underestimate the power propaganda had over the people and in gaining much support for the party. The impact of the propaganda was big, but the methods may not have been so. The regime was very organised. This can be seen in the structured way that the 'propaganda machine' is made. Gobbels was made Propaganda Minister and had several offices, e.g. Active Propaganda, Films, Broadcasting, Culture, Management and Party Propaganda. Of course there were many ways in which propaganda was used. From big obvious posters in the workplace and schools, to subtle films like 'Jud Suss'. The Nazi regime was slightly more obvious about their propaganda trends than other dictators had been, with the Reich Chamber of Culture and Reich Ministry for Popular Enlightenment Propaganda. The whole structure was very organised and Gobbels had every area covered, right down to every Gaue. The biggest form of propaganda was in the press. Before radio, the newspapers were the way of communicating to the masses. ...read more.

Middle

Films were probably more effective in keeping support for the regime, rather than bring in more supporters. In this case, entertainment took a priority. Images and visual propaganda was very wide, many photographs and poster were displayed in the workplace, in schools, down the street, everywhere. Hitler had an official photographer who would manage shots. Hitler himself would practice expressions and poses. Posters were very dramatic and powerful, including slogans such as, 'Young people serve the Fuhrer' to ten-year-olds. Away from the media, propaganda was active in other areas, such as education. Many teachers were already sympathetic towards the regime. By 1936, over 30% had joined the Nazi Party voluntarily. However, teachers were pressurised into joining the National Socialist Teachers' League (NSLB). By 1937, 97% had joined. Members had to attend training courses about stressing Nazi ideology and physical education. Nazi officials kept recorded of attendance and those who didn't regularly attend and weren't committed to the regime could be dismissed. Other than the teachers, the regime's other major strategy was changing the curriculum. There was a lot of emphasis on physical education, which, by 1936, took up two hours a day. Of course, Nazi ideas were emphasised too, especially in biology and history. Religious education was seen as insignificant and eventually was replaced. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, architecture was seen as the most artistic form of propaganda. Hitler described it as 'the word in stone'. Hitler favoured a neo-classical, monumental style of building. Hitler also said "Our enemies and our followers must realise that these buildings strengthen our authority". In 1937, during the Paris International Exhibition of Arts and Technology, Albert Speer designed a 65-metre tower, built entirely from German materials and weighing more than 100,000 tonnes. The purpose of this building was to face the Soviets in a rivalry. In May 1933, an organised burning of Books was held in Berlin, in which 20,000 books were burnt in order to cleanse the new Germany. Novelists went into exile, others stayed but were forbidden to publish and some imprisoned. Books were meant to promote Nazi ideas or be neutral. In the theatre, plays had to approved, those that were had content of historical drama, light entertainment and 'blood and soil' stories. The Reich chamber of Music controlled production. Even though music couldn't be used as propaganda as art, posters, etc, it was still monitored to remove Jewish influences. Hitler's favourite composers, Wagner, Strauss and Bruckner, were more heard. Music was used to stir patriotic emotions in marches, rallies and festivals The Nazi regime was very dedicated to propaganda, it had a lot of though and careful construction in gaining, and sometimes pressurised people for, support. Many historians seen the impact of propaganda on the German people as powerful, just like the regime did Amandeep Gill 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    In November 1807, Russia declared war on her former ally, Britain. Any further anti-French coalition was obviously impossible for the time being. Napoleon would never again be so well placed to dominate Europe. There were still victories to come and conquests to be made, but only at an increased cost

  2. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? A Historiographical Debate.

    * She argued that making films for an organization with a prescribed ideology, such as the Nazi Party, would restrain her creativity. She stated: "I have to have a very personal relationship with my subject matter. Otherwise I can't be creative...

  1. How successful were Nazi methods to indoctrinate and control the German people?

    The messages would be very simple and straight forward such as the need for more living space and the destruction of the Jews. The means of spreading such propaganda was important too, for Goebbels successfully made use of new technologies including loudspeakers and the radio to spread messages.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    So therefore in to the vacuum of power two types of government emerged, neither of which had the appeal or resources to assume total control. This does not mean, however, that dual power was a workable option and that it could have lasted indefinitely because of the fact that the

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    -Little Opposition once Hitler comes into power, 90% of people agreed with Hitler in mid-1930s. -If one posed a threat to the Nazi regime, either killed or put into a concentration camp. Concentration camps were used more in the beginning but later on death was used into the late 1930s to early 1940s.

  2. History Research Project. The influence of Major Vernon Kell in the effectiveness of the ...

    Yours Sincerely M[acdonogh]" (Andrew, 2009, p.27) The turbulent relationship between the two heads continued until the complete separation of the two organisations was fully recognised on 28 April 1910. This noticeably reduced the friction between Kell and Cumming. Due to Kell's section being run on a shoestring and the minimal

  1. How realistic are POW films?

    This further strengthens my point that starvation was used as a form or torture. However I know that not all of the prisoners were starved. It was mainly the eastern Europeans and the Polish. Also in the Colditz POW camp source B6 tells me how the Geneva Convention was 'applied

  2. Free essay

    Propaganda was a critically important tool used to the control the masses in Nazi ...

    The nationalism of the people was played on by propaganda, and national days, parades and speeches were set up to unite the country9. Propaganda was highly successful in creating the Cult of Hitler, which is one way in which it was successful.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work