• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of World War II.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II World War II (1939-1945) killed more people, disrupted more lives, destroyed more properties, and probably had more far-reaching consequences than any other war that has ever occurred in history. It brought about the downfall of Western Europe as the center of world power and it also led to the rise of the Soviet Union. It all began with a few events that set the stage for the entire conflict. The situation just continued to get worse, until finally, the seemingly inevitable happened. World War II began on September 1, 1939, when Germany invaded Poland. Germany's dictator, Adolph Hitler, had built Germany into a powerful war machine and that machine rapidly crushed Poland, Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, and France. ...read more.

Middle

In the end, the League of Nations was not able to promote disarmament and the long economic depression sharpened national rivalries and increased fear and distrust. Since the League failed to stop the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1931, there was an ultimate crescendo of treaty violation and acts of aggression. In 1932, when Hitler rose to power in Germany, he recreated the German army and prepared it for a war of conquest and in 1936, he remilitarized the Rhineland. Benito Mussolini conquered Ethiopia for Italy in 1935 and three years later, Germany invaded Austria. In 1938, the British and French policy of appeasement towards the Axis reached its height with the sacrifice of much of Czechoslovakia to Germany in what is now called the Munich Pact. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nations lost faith in the League of Nations as an international authority and many countries sought war as the only means to settle mutual disputes. The war ended when Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945 and Japan on September 2, 1945. Much of Europe and parts of Asia lay in ruins and millions of people were left starving and homeless. Europe's leadership in world affairs had ended and the United States and the Soviet Union had become the world's most powerful nations. Each of the vanquished countries was faced with humiliating peace treaties. Most countries of the world were left divided into two opposite blocs: the Capitalist and the Communist bloc. The war only proved how it was possible to wipe out the human race from the face of the earth. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    15 tons of explosive per person, and there were enough for each in the world." [1, p.338] Scientist believed that in a case of nuclear war the sun couldn't send its rays to the earth - it would be impossible to reach the earth through the thick, dark clouds and

  2. Causes of World War II Many historians have traced the causes ...

    Nationalism went hand in hand with feelings of national discontent. Many Germans felt humiliated by their country's defeat in World War I and its harsh treatment under the Treaty of Versailles. During the 1930's, they enthusiastically supported a violently nationalistic organization called The Nazi Party.

  1. From rebellion through rivalries to reformation

    Broadcasting, publishing and speaking have moved swiftly as Skinheads try to influence and win over public opinion. Atached Below are the 25 points of National Socialism and what skinheads stand for. 25 POINTS OF AMERICAN NATIONAL SOCIALISM 1. We demand the union of all Whites into a greater America on the basis of the right of national self-determination.

  2. China After World War II

    On the eve of the Japanese surrender industrial workers in Shanghai numbered approximately 150,000. Today, according to a report by the Social Affairs Bureau of the Shanghai City Government, there are 500,000 workers in the city's industries. But this figure evidently includes workers in small enterprises and very likely a large number of shop employees.

  1. Assess Critically Three Causes of World War I.

    Looking back in history, the Franco-Prussian War (1870) completely changed the balance of power in Europe and strengthened Germany's position as the leading continental power. The annexation of Alsace-Lorraine never healed the wounds in France, and poisoned the relations between the two countries down to 1914. European politics from the 1880s was dominated by a dense web of

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Within such a frame of reference, the lessons of history and of ideological incompatibility seemed to permit no possibility of compromise. But Roosevelt clearly felt that there was a third way, a path of mutual accommodation that would sustain and nourish the prospects of postwar partnership without ignoring the realities of geopolitics.

  1. American History.

    Adams sent 3 guys over in 1798 to negotiate a settlement, but good 'ol Talleyrand demanded a bribe before negotiations could begin. Adams told Congress it wasn't working, which convinced them that he had deliberately sabotaged things and insisted he release the reports.

  2. The Causes of World War I

    Europe at that time was divided into two rival alliance systems: Triple Entente that included Great Britain, France, and Russia and the Triple Alliance, which included the Central Powers of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and eventually the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Austria-Hungary must take a large proportion of any blame for the outbreak of war in 1914.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work