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Cavour, ( 1810-1861 ).

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Cavour, ( 1810-1861 ). Most Italians believe that three men created Italy, Victor Emmanuel, Garibaldi and Cavour. Cavour is the central figure in holding the triangular power between them in 1859 and 1860. In those two years the whole map of Italy was transformed into a united Kingdom of Italy. Venetia was not included until 1866 and the city of Rome was not included right until 1870 where it became its capital. Italians claim it was Cavour's great achievement that led to this. Trieste on the Adriatic as well as Nice and Savoy were not included. We need to think about whether it is true or not that Cavour was the great nationalistic hero and if a united Italy was the real truth of his intentions. We can't take him on face value, when he is portrayed as great and glorious. The rest of the peninsula was governed as one nation with Victor Emmanuel as leader. In 24 months this happened due to three main events: - In 1859 there was the "War of Liberation" where the Austrians were defeated in the liberation of Milan in Lombardy. ...read more.


The lower house included the house of representatives who were elected on a franchise of voters. However this was a limited franchise. Only 2.5% of the population voted. Only the very rich, elite, aristocratic males voted. This small electorate shows a hardly a democratic system. Piedmont's relatively free press greatly benefited Cavour. Piedmont was not a closed society. The freedom of assembly meant that political groups could hold meetings in a parliamentary system. The King's attitude to Piedmont meant he ruled in a way where he believed he knew what was best for his people. He had a dominant say in the appointment of ministers and worked with parliament to achieve this goal. Piedmont-Sardinia was more respected abroad compared to any other of the states in the peninsula because of its liberal constitution. The British and French admired Piedmont because of its trial by jury and the fact that there was no political oppression as such on comparison with Naples under King Bomba which was not a liberal democratic state. 1850 Siccardi Laws drawn up by d'Azeglio The Siccardi Laws were an anti-clerical legislation. ...read more.


This was the first stepping stone to the Risorgimento. The second step was the career of Cavour. By 1850 he got into government but not into cabinet. Cavour became the minister for marine, agriculture and commerce. In 1851 he became finance minister in a cabinet post and by 1852 he was Prime Minister. This happened because there was a cabinet crisis in the chamber of deputies. This caused d'Azeglio to step down. This event got the nickname "Connubio" which means "marriage". Cavour did a deal with the left-wing party and minister called Ratazzi. D'Azeglio would leave and he would combine with Ratazzi who was a socialist to form a coalition government. Cavour then persuaded the King he could be Prime Minister. The ministers would work under Cavour only. They would support the ministry and carry on the King's government. It was a trick to ensure the government can change and set a precedent for the future of politics. This was called Tranformismo. It was the practice of keeping political powers in power to keep the administration going. E.g. In England the first coalition was under Lord Aberdeen who took part in the Crimean War. ...read more.

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