• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Chamberlains introduction of Tariff reform in 1903, in which goods imported would have a tax imposed on them unlike in free trade, showed government interference and went against the Liberals views of Free Trade

Extracts from this document...


History Essay A) The Liberals beliefs on the doctrine of free trade was an economic policy based on the belief that trade flourishes best when it is entirely free from government interference. Chamberlains introduction of Tariff reform in 1903, in which goods imported would have a tax imposed on them unlike in free trade, showed government interference and went against the Liberals views of Free Trade B) The tariff reform issue was so controversial within the conservative party in the years 1903-1906 due to a number of reasons. Joseph Chamberlain first made a speech about Tariff reform in Birmingham in May 1903; this speech was later described as a "radical bombshell". He proposed that the British government should put tariff on all goods coming into Britain, but that imports from the British Empire should be subject to lower tariffs or no tariffs at all. This way, Chamberlain said, the British industry would be protected from foreign competition and British links with the empire would be strengthened. The reform had an explosive effect on the conservative party. ...read more.


The 1906 election was the first election where the voters didn't have a major distraction, before there had been such subjects as Home Rule and the Boer War. Home Rule had allowed the Conservatives to focus on getting their policy on Home Rule correct to swing voters their way. When the Boer War was occurring, the British public focused more on the foreign policies of the parties rather than Homeland policies. Therefore, when there was no major distraction people tended to focus on what the Government was planning in the way of reforms for them, the public; in the Conservatives case they didn't offer a lot. Where the Conservatives were failing the Liberals took advantage, although their social improvements were extremely vague, they did offer more than the conservatives. Lack of Social reform however weren't the only reason why the conservatives lost out to the Liberals in such a major way. Another major factor was the Education Act of 1902; this proved to be both Balfour's greatest political achievement and his worst. Arthur Balfour, against the wills of both Joseph Chamberlain and Lord Salisbury, pushed through a bill that proposed major changes to the Education service; school boards that had been set up in the 1980s were to be abolished in favour of LEA's. ...read more.


decades, this allowed the Liberals to take advantage and launch their own campaign of keeping free trade; this is why many people believed that Tariff reform issue was the most important factor in cementing the Liberals success. The Conservative party weren't helped by the fact that Balfour was a very indecisive leader, he was one of many Mps that "sat on the fence" when asked about his thoughts on Tariff Reform. The indecision of their own leader made many Mps also unsure about their position meaning many left and converted to the Liberal Party. Balfour and Tariff reform, and the impact it had on the Conservatives and their voters, was much like what Gladstone and the Home Rule bill had on the Liberals and their voters; both lost the Parties precious votes and allowed the other to take advantage at that time. The Tariff reform did have a major impact on the way people voted, especially in the working where many people thought that jobs may be lost and that other countries would stop importing goods form England regardless of whether or not they were in the empire. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tom Cheley 12MH 5/7/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Why did the Liberals win and the Conservatives lose the 1906 Election?

    You can see, by looking at the four main strong factors above, that the mistakes made by the conservative party were the main reasons as to why they lost the 1906 election. There are although other issues to discuss which also contribute to why the liberals won, and the conservatives lost, the 1906 election.

  2. Labour and the Five Giants

    This had increased to 68% by the late 1950's. The importance of this social security system was that it was the first to cover all areas. In the early 1950's Rowntree revealed that poverty had been reduced to just 2%. On the other hand, Labour was only solely responsible for one of the four policies and national assistance was

  1. To What Extent Was Joseph Chamberlain's Tariff Reform Campaign Responsible for The Conservatives Defeat ...

    They would portray two loaves of bread that could be bought for the same amount of money, a large one under free trade and a smaller one under protection. The aim of their poster campaign was to emphasise that an import tax on goods from outside the empire, would raise

  2. How has Bloody Sunday shaped the views of the Republicans/Nationalists? How has Partition shaped ...

    This angered the Catholics even more as the enquiry was completed in such a short time it was quite obvious that it was done half-heartedly and not thought through thoroughly enough. This made the Catholics furious and more and more Nationalists and Republicans resulted in violence but when Tony Blair

  1. Free essay

    How far was the Tariff Reform the most important reason for theUnpopularity of the ...

    The war was initially very popular and was one reason for the victory of the Conservative party in the 1900 general election.

  2. To what extent was Whig/Liberal dominance 1846-68 a result of their free trade agenda

    Anglo-French relations had been strained in the years leading up to 1860 with French expansion into Italy, and Gladstone agreed with free trader Richard Cobden that signing a free-trade treaty with France would ease the political tension. He was right, and the treaty helped to double British exports to France

  1. Sir Winston Churchill

    They knew this man was serious and would do anything to protect country. In addition, his "V for Victory" sign became a sign of hope to the world. He established close ties with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. His radio speeches strengthened the nation's determination to win the war.

  2. Nell Gwyn (Playhouse Cretaures) essay

    - gambler.[30] Gwyn returned to the stage again in late 1670, something Beauclerk calls an "extraordinary thing to do" for a mistress with a royal child. Her return was in Dryden's The Conquest of Granada, a two-part epic produced in December 1670 and January 1671.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work