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China in the years 1916-49

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Why was there unrest in China in the years after the death of Yuan Shi Kai (1916) to the Northern Expedition (1927)? The main cause of unrest in China was the struggle for power the conflict which was created by this. After the death of Yuan Shi Kai there was a power vacuum and people fought over ruling the country. This caused disorganisation as people such as the warlords were more intent on gaining power than looking after the country. The fighting amongst the warlords and forced conscription of peasants would have obviously increased the unrest and they were also arbitrary. This was shown in1920-22 when the biggest war was fought, killing over 100,000 people. As a result of the power vacuum created and the bad management, there were high taxes. This increased the poverty, chaos and starvation in China. People were unhappy with the way China was being run and wanted change. ...read more.


To start off with the CCP had support from the GMD. This increased support for the CCP through the followers of the GMD. This alliance also gave the CCP more power and people began to become more knowledgeable of their aims. Once the CCP became known throughout China, its support increased significantly. In 1927 the CCP lost support from the GMD after the Shanghai Massacre and re-located to Jiangxi in the countryside. This was seen as a large disadvantage for the CCP because they no-longer had the support of GMD followers. Within a few years of arriving in Jiangxi the CCP had gained the support of many peasants living under their rules. This was largely because a Land Law divided the cultivated land among farming population, Millions of peasants who had never owner land before now found they were their own masters. Taxes were also reduced. The Red Army also played an important part in winning the support of the peasants because it had rules of discipline which treated the peasants with respect. ...read more.


Also, after the Japanese withdrawal, in Southern China, the CCP were able to advance to the areas they had left After the Japanese, three All Campaign support increased for the CCP because it had the reverse effect and made the peasants hate the Japanese even more and more willing than ever before to help the CCP. Throughout the war against Japan the Red Army used propaganda to spread Communtis ideas in north China. They operated under strict discipline and never treated peasant badly. In return, the peasants kept the Red Army informed about Japanese activities Supporters switched sides from the GMD to the CCP after the war because the GMD were blamed for the losses because they were the leading government. In conclusion it was remarkable that the CCP were able to win control over china in the end as they faced many difficulties and started from nothing. But support from the peasants was the main thing which allowed the CCP to beat the GMD. ...read more.

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