• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Chinese Foreign Policy & National Security - Engaging China: Seoul-Beijing Détente and Korean Security

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Chinese Foreign Policy & National Security Engaging China: Seoul-Beijing D�tente and Korean Security Victor Cha, 1999 Summary by Michael RASKA Ph.D. Candidate, Yonsei GSIS The China-South Korea axis is perhaps the most overlooked variable in the strategic environment of Northeast Asia. For nearly five decades their relationship was characterized by war, lack of dialogue and non-recognition; then, over a period of some three years, this situation gave away to fully normalized and amiable relations in 1992. Rapprochement between Seoul and Beijing in 1992 opened one of the first frontiers of the post-Cold War thaw in the region, and future security will hinge at least partly on this core relationship. In this context, Cha analyzes the evolution of Sino-South Korean reconciliation, and argues that the South Korea's engagement policy from the late 1980s in the political, economic, and cultural arenas played a major part in eliciting unprecedented cooperation from Beijing, however, its initiatives alone were not a sufficient condition to prompt this cooperation. A prior and necessary condition was a change in the strategic context surrounding China and the Korean Peninsula that raised both the benefits of cooperation and the costs of non-cooperation; the end of Cold War . ...read more.

Middle

which implied mutual economic prosperity as a means of expanding diplomatic ties with former adversaries as well as assuming a leading role for South Korea in international organizations and the continued expansion of program multi-directional diplomacy (i.e. using meetings of multilateral bodies such as APEC, ASEAN, non-governmental track-two diplomacy, high-level military exchanges). The second method of engagement has been sports diplomacy - participating in athletic competitions hosted by each country provided a useful means by to express good will and interest in expanding the economic cooperation (Seoul 1988 Olympics, Beijing Asian Games 1990). What was the benchmark of success of South Korea's engagement strategy? The key was not only engaging China, but also the terms of policy toward North Korea. The following measure could be used: (A) Failure - Chinese support of North Korea (B) Minimal Success - '1.5' Korea policy; formal support of North Korea and de-facto recognition of South Korea (C) Moderate Success - equidistance between North and South Korea (D) Very Successful - discourage North Korean provocation and aggression (E) Most Successful - China supports only South Korea Cha argues that the outcome of South Korea's engagement falls in the middle range (B to D). ...read more.

Conclusion

Both states are aware of this factor, and share similar interests. However, Beijing seems to be in a dilemma, it desperately does not want to face a collapse of North Korea nor does it want to see a nuclear North Korea. Hence, China's actions in the foreign policy arena are still bound to the minimum necessary level to ensure stability. Ironically, while the Chinese officials have been claiming that they are making efforts to persuade North Korea to enter multilateral dialogue and negotiation, they also claim that North Korea doesn't listen as it used to. In this regard, my question is: How much leverage does China have over North Korea? :) 1 From the ROK perspective, during the Cold War China was part of the communist bloc, a patron of revolutionary regimes in Asia, and thus one of the primary threats to South Korea's survival. China's intervention in the Korean War in 1950, in conjunction with the July 1961 Friendship Treaty between China and North Korea with its automatic intervention clause cemented South Korea's perceptions of China as a threat. At the same time, China's hostility toward South Korea was equally intense. South Korea was the 'fascist' axis of the 'iron triangle' that included 'U.S. imperialism', and 'Japanese militarism.' ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    * It was obvious to all that this was an anti-Soviet alliance: an attack on one member would be considered an attack on all. * US Congress granted $1.5bn in military aid to NATO members o In 1955, when West Germany was allowed to join NATO, Stalin set up the

  2. Why did North Korea invade South Korea in June 1950, and why did USA ...

    Following this Stalin offered financial aid to China and in early 1950 the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual assistance was signed. This showed USA that the threat of Communism was even greater now because these two Powers had joined together.

  1. To what extent did the foreign intervention influence the outcome of the Spanish Civil ...

    On the other hand, the higher clergy supported the Nationalists for two main reasons; the first one was that they wanted to stop the secularization with Franco's religious crusade. The second reason is that Franco seemed the best protection against the atheistic left.

  2. The Sino-Soviet Split

    These moves constituted an important part of his campaign to show the Chinese that the CCP would liberate them from the long-standing problem of imperialism. As had been the case before the revolution, Stalin's lack of interest proved to be a major inhibition to the success of this scheme.

  1. From your reading of 'Chinese Cinderella' what do you find out about Chinese culture ...

    They also eat dumplings which is stuffed pork, chives and spring onions. For refreshments they drink cold tea. When it is the Chinese New Year, in China it was a holiday not only for children but also for adults. When it is the Chinese New Year everybody gets to wear new clothes and eat special dishes such as salted duck.

  2. Korean propaganda during the Second World War and the Korean War had a different ...

    American propaganda also affected the Asian population. Although Japan's population was not very influenced by this, the Korean and Chinese populations were. American propaganda was spread in movies, posters, and cartoons. The main objective was to encourage Americans to support the war effort.

  1. Introduction - US policy to Southeast Asia in general

    Dai government and continued to hold the opposite view from that of the US, regarding the war 'as a nationalist struggle against colonialism, finding it much less easy than the Truman administration to overlook France's unwillingness to grant Vietnam full independence.'23 George Herring blames US shortsightedness and an obsession with

  2. The Korean war and the conflict between North and South.

    to.2 The line was drawn strictly on a map and had no practical relation to the land. The Russians accepted to the surprise of the Americans, who were far away and couldn't do anything if the Russians decided to push all the way south.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work