• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare the contributions of Martin Luther King and Lyndon B Johnson to the gaining of black civil rights in 1964/5.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare the contributions of Martin Luther King and Lyndon B Johnson to the gaining of black civil rights in 1964/5 Both Martin Luther King and President Johnson played significant roles in the coming about of civil rights for African Americans. The two men in different ways were pivotal in the signing of civil rights legislation in 1964 and 65. Martin Luther king grew to prominence in 1955 are grew to be a great black leader. He was an effective organiser, exemplary speaker and a highly skilled motivator. He was able to articulate the feelings and frustrations of the black community in a clear, intellectual and persuasive manner. Through his work King was able to highlight the plight of black people in America, and led many to see the need for full civil rights for African Americans. One person to see this need was Lyndon Johnson who passed the civil rights acts of 1964; he effectively destroyed his political career to aid the lives of Black people. Martin Luther king evidently contributed a great deal to the civil rights movement and ultimately to the federal legislation signed in 1964. King was of great importance to the civil rights movement, he stepped in at a time where it is arguable the movement had lost a sense of direction. He provided the vital link between the black civil rights leadership and the less educated African American member of society, something that the NAACP had failed to achieve. ...read more.

Middle

King and the movement made effective use of peaceful marches and protests, one of the most notably being in the highly segregated city of Birmingham, Alabama. He believed that if the SCLC could succeed there it could succeed anywhere. King and the SCLC arrived in the town demanding desegregation and an end to racism in employment. Only limited progress was made a first and king was imprisoned. Another march was arranged for the beginning of May. As predicated the Police over reacted and ordered police dogs and water canon to be used on the protestors. This was watched by people all over the word, including President Kennedy. This over reaction from the police created publicity that the civil rights movement needed. He believed that if the SCLC could succeed here it could succeed anywhere. King and the SCLC arrived in the town demanding desegregation and an end to racism in employment. Only limited progress was made a first and king was imprisoned. Another march was arranged for the beginning of May. As predicated the Police over reacted and ordered police dogs and water canon to be used on the protestors. This was watched by people all over the word, including President Kennedy. This over reaction from the police created publicity that the civil rights movement needed. Two important and positive conclusions were drawn following the protests. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is thought that after he had signed the bill, as he put down his pen, Johnson told an aide, "We have lost the South for a generation", anticipating a coming backlash from Southern whites against Johnson's Democratic Party. Johnsons work is massively significant; he along with Kennedy was the first president to take on congress with a civil rights bill. Unlike other presidents he did not use the excuse of having no southern democrat support to be able to pass the bill through congress. Johnson was also the first president to arrest and prosecute members of the KKK since Ulysses S G some 93 years earlier; this highlights clearly his commitment to the lives of African Americans. Following the passage of the civil rights act Johnson and the civil rights movement moved on to the subject of voting rights. The Voting rights acts was passed by Johnson in 1965. The act outlawed any form of discrimination in voting, thus allowing millions of southern blacks to vote for the very first time. After the signing of the act Johnson states now "those who are equal before god shall now be equal in the polling booths". The act was hugely important to the blacks of the south; however it was not welcomed wholeheartedly by the Blacks of the north, whom already had voting rights. They were far more concerned with their poor economic and social condition. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    Nixon very much felt that it was a time to pause after the legislature of the previous years, and hence very little happened through him or Congress in terms of civil rights for several years. Despite this apparently negative stance, Nixon did introduce affirmative action in employment, a scheme very

  2. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    of the northern cities, something that King was not tackling head on. By speaking out to the black people living in the ghettos, Malcolm X was able to instil pride and an impetus to work themselves out of poverty; a legacy that is in direct contrast to the 'evil twin' analogy.

  1. Peer reviewed

    Essay on civil rights

    3 star(s)

    Furthermore, Federal Government was unwilling to interfere in political matters because the Southern States affected the majority of the votes. Thus the laws were in support of segregation which resulted in many Black Americans having to face the harsh reality that they would be treated unequally unless they actually did something.

  2. Linguistic Study - Linguistic Analysis of Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream', and ...

    As this was an important event, and attracted a lot of attention, there would have been many journalists and television channels as part of a wider audience too. Martin Luther King was recorded and would have been seen on television and heard on radio by many other people.

  1. To what extent was King the most significant civil rights leader ?

    and peaceful approach won him much support from white politicians as well, which proved invaluable in the future. What makes King stand out is his sheer number of legal achievements. In an almost identical manner to that of the Montgomery bus boycotts, King organized a similar sitin in Greensboro at

  2. How far was Martin Luther King's leadership responsible for the gains made by the ...

    The first rally on the 10th of June 1966 produced far less support than he was expecting as 30,000 out of the 100,000 that King was expecting turned up and the threat of increased violence forced Mayor Daley to act.

  1. What was the short term impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1957?

    In addition to the increased violence the African Americans faced, the events that occurred after the Bus Boycott were not impacted by it and could be seen more significant than the Bus Boycott in progressing in Civil Rights. This can be shown in 1961 from the Freedom Rides; it can

  2. How far was the leadership of Martin Luther King responsible for the gains made ...

    The Poor People?s campaign in Chicago was disastrous in terms of organisation with many unprepared for the cold, harsh weather in the north. King also made a number of demands that were considered completely outrageous by President Johnson. As such, although he won the support of many labour unions, the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work