• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare the War Communism and the NEP in terms of origins, contents and results.

Extracts from this document...


2. Compare the War Communism and the NEP in terms of origins, contents and results. During the Russian Civil War (1918-1921), with the aims of putting Communist theories into practice by redistributing wealth among the Russian people; and to keep the towns and the Red Army supplied with food and weapons, the Bolsheviks adopted a set of harsh economic measures, commonly known as War Communism. Under this economic system, the country's economy was completely under the control of the state. As War Communism took away a lot of the freedoms that Russians had gained as a result of the October Revolution, this policy created social distress. ...read more.


All citizens had to work under the direction of the state. The government took over the distribution of food, clothing and fuel in the cities. Paper currency was replaced by payment in goods and services. Instead of receiving cash wages, people only got ration cards which stated how much food and other necessities they should obtain. Also, former civil servants were replaced by the members of the Communist Party who were uneducated and untrained. Discipline for workers was strict, strikers could be shot. There was a great shift in policy when War Communism was replaced by the New Economic Policy. Compared to War Communism, the NEP was simply a contrast in terms of content, and a relaxation of the Communist control. ...read more.


Agricultural production dropped sharply, food shortage thus became acute. Great famine broke out in 1921, 7 million people died of starvation. Industrial production also declined rapidly. Corruption of the Bolsheviks members created an inefficient bureaucracy. Nevertheless, the New Economic Policy succeeded in creating an economic recovery after the devastating effects of the First World War, the Russian Revolution and the Russian civil war. The agricultural and industrial production had been restored to the 1913 (pre-WWI) level. The government regained people's confidence. In conclusion, both War Communism and the New Economic Policy were implemented to resolve economic problems. In terms of content, War Communism was truly a set of policies under pure communism, while the NEP was against the principle of communism. However, eventually, War Communism led to an economic collapse, while the New Economic Policy resulted in an economic recovery. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    In Poland on January 18th, Solidarity had been legalised after a string of protests and riots in Hungary. (39) This led to an agreement between the communist government and Solidarity, the main focus of which was the holding of the first relatively free elections since the 1940's in Poland.

  2. Assess the impact of War Communism and the New Economic Policy (NEP) on both ...

    Peasants resented these changes and there were many great uprisings during this period of time. This included the peasant revolution led by Antanov and the Tambok region in 1921. Peasants that did not cooperate were sent to concentration camps and labour camps.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    The perpetrator, Habib Shartouny, 26, was soon apprehended. Shartouny, a member of the Syrian Socialist Nationalist Party (SSNP), was a Syrian agent. Mossad, the CIA, and Israeli military intelligence, pooling there resources with the Lebanese intelligence community established that Chartouny had installed a long range electronic detonator to a bomb made of Semtex-H which had been smuggled into the building where Chartouny's sister lived.

  2. Disadvantages of Capitalism.

    In reality they will just add to the ever growing population of the poor classes. In a Capitalist society the rich get richer and the poor stay poor. In the end this will lead to great unrest and low morale in the society.

  1. The Origins of War.

    On the other hand blaming him as the whole cause would be as imprudent as saying that the Great War was only caused by the death of the Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand or by saying that the Spanish Civil War's origin was only by the influence of Italian fascism and German Nazism.

  2. ‘In origins andoutcome, the Spanish Civil War was a Spanish and not a European ...

    Alternatively, for the working classes the reform programme was not far-reaching enough with the government doing little to improve the living conditions of the worker and landless peasant. General elections on the 19th November 1933 produced a result shock for the Republic, resulting in a sway of supremacy to the right.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work