• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Conflict and Contest" or "Cooperation and consent," which phrase best sums up Elizabeth I's relationship with her parliaments

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Conflict and Contest" or "Cooperation and consent," which phrase best sums up Elizabeth I's relationship with her Parliaments? Over the years, there has been much debate amongst historians Orthodox, Revisionist and Post - Revisionist, as to whether the relationship between Elizabeth and her parliaments was one of "conflict and contest," or of "cooperation and consent". Most of the different schools of thought agree on the facts, but disagree in their interpretations of the relationship. In general, taking into account all of the parliaments that took place throughout Elizabeth's reign, the contemporary historians believe that Elizabeth's relationship with her parliaments was one of "cooperation and consent." The orthodox historians believe that Elizabeth's relationship with her parliaments was one of "conflict and contest" and that it came from the puritan choir in the House of Commons. The revisionist historians believe that there was a relationship of "cooperation and consent". Finally, the Post-Revisionist historians believe that the relationship between Elizabeth and her parliaments was one of "cooperation and consent" in some cases, and "conflict and consent" in others. In cases where they believed that there was conflict, they believe that it came from the Privy Council. In order to answer the question, the different schools of thought need to be taken into account, along with the events that back these views up, and the relationships at the individual parliaments need to be assessed, e.g. Religion, succession, free speech, and the monopolies parliaments. Firstly, take religion, which was discussed at the session in 1559. ...read more.

Middle

This view is backed up by the fact that Cecil was calling for the Queen to marry and to name a successor in order to secure her throne, and leave the country in a secure position. Overall after assessing the different historian's views, the relationship between Elizabeth and her parliament that was called due to succession issues, can be seen as one of "conflict and contest". It is however difficult to determine whether the opposition came from the House of Lords, or the Privy Council. Thirdly take the parliament of 1586 -1587 where Elizabeth's councillors pushed her to agree to the execution of Mary Queen of Scots. In general it can be argued that the relationship was one of "conflict and contest". The contemporary view was that relationship was one of "cooperation and consent." However it can be argued against, because the council went against Elizabeth's wishes and had Mary Queen of Scots executed, before she arranged it. However it was cast aside when Neale developed the view that the debates emphasised the emerging threat that came from Presbyterianism, wanting to demolish the Queen's position as Head of the Church, church courts, and episcopacy, therefore believing that the relationship was one of "conflict and contest." This view is backed up by the fact that Elizabeth refused to commit until Walsingham revealed the Stafford Plot, to scare her into signing Mary's death warrant. This shows that rather than cooperate with the Queen they had to force her into signing. ...read more.

Conclusion

However there are events that do not support this view, such as the MP's believed that she was trying to make herself independent of Parliament and therefore was overstepping the bounds of authority, this shows that there was "conflict and contest" rather than "cooperation and consent" which Elton argues. Overall after assessing the different historian's views, the relationship between Elizabeth and her parliament that was called to discuss subsidies can be seen as either a relationship of "conflict and contest", or a relationship of "cooperation and consent". Elizabethan Parliament was a working institution that engaged in the manufacture of legislation by agreement and in sorting out matters that may cause disagreement. It was dominated by the Queen. Overall it can be argued either way, if the view of "conflict and contest" is taken, this applies to the relationship in a number of Parliaments such as, the sessions that discussed the religious settlement, succession, monopolies and freedom of speech. However if the view of "cooperation and consent is taken", this can be applied to the parliaments that concerned money and taxation, and in some cases to the religious settlement, because the Queen and council got their desired settlement. However it is better to argue that the individual parliaments had an individual relationship with the Queen due to the differing outcomes, amount of opposition and the outcomes of each parliament. This is also a good argument because of the amount of conflict, contest, cooperation and consent that occurred differed in each parliament. 1 Graves. Elizabethen parliaments 1559 - 1601 2 Elton. Parliament 3 Graves. Elizabethen parliaments 1559 - 1601 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Assess the validity of the view that the Rump and Barebones parliaments had no ...

    These divisions have led to historians claiming that the "Rump talked a lot but did little" (Coward), and has portrayed a parliament pulling in different directions and thus achieving little. However, as I have already shown, the Rump did achieve.

  2. Assess the claim that the relationship between Elizabeth I and her Parliament was normally ...

    This fact was well documented and in 1593 Lord Keeper Puckering told parliament that the Queen was 'most loth to call for the assembly of her people in parliament.' Christopher Haigh says of Elizabeth's attitude toward parliament, "For Elizabeth, parliaments were little boys - sometimes unruly, usually a nuisance and always a waste of an intelligent woman's time."

  1. Explain the factors which shaped the Elizabethan Religious Settlement reached in 1559

    Considering Cecil saw Protestantism in a partially Calvinist way, it could be concluded that his religious motives were less conservative in comparison to the Queen's. Guy states that "Elizabeth and Cecil subscribed to discordant philosophies despite their enduring political relationship."

  2. coursework on Elizabeth I

    However, she merely considered it her "better side". * During the reign of Elizabeth I, many people were encouraged to begin to travel the world and explore areas that were previously undiscovered. There were a number of explorers from parts of Spain and Portugal who had discovered large areas of South America.

  1. To what extent was there a Struggle for Power between Elizabeth I and her ...

    It has now been proven that Parliament was working under the Privy Council. This shows that parliamentary pressure was largely only effective when orchestrated and supported by other forces such as the Privy Council.9 This issue resulted in the execution of Mary.

  2. East of Eden: An Interpretation

    He moved them to Salinas and enrolled them in school. He was open to the idea of Aron even going to college, which he finally did. Adam always seemed a little scatterbrained; he was always prone to getting into situations a little over his head.

  1. How was Isabella able to secure her succession to the Castilian throne in 1469-1479?

    Convinced of Ferdinand's influence in helping him, by the end of 1472 the entire Mendoza family switched their support to Isabella. To have such an influential family as a key supporter was important in Isabella's eventual triumph. Once Queen, in order to consolidate her position, she had to improve her relationship with the Castilian grandees.

  2. Meddling and troublesome(TM)- how accurate a description is this of Elizabeth I(TM)s parliaments?

    The fate of Mary Queen of Scots was also another area where Elizabeth's Parliament had a clash of opinion with Elizabeth. Many people felt that the Elizabeth's hold on the throne would only be secured once she married, as the view that a woman could not rule effectively was held to be self-evident.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work