• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Considering the changes in warfare 1845-1991 how far can Blitzkrieg be considered a turning point?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Hollie Selby Considering the changes in warfare since 1845-1991, how far can Blitzkrieg be considered a turning point? Blitzkrieg, meaning lightening war, is a term that was coined by western journalists in 1939 to describe the combination and concentrated force of aerial, mechanized and mobile infantry power to push forward through enemy lines, a tactic greatly associated and heavily implemented by the Germans in World War II. The aim of using a co-ordinated and highly mobile attack was to take the opposition by surprise and therefore unprepared against a rapid, hard-hitting strike. Although this technique provided a multitude of successes, like any military strategy, it has its limitations and its effectiveness varied with each individual battle. In order to establish to what extent Blitzkrieg could be considered a turning point, I will examine the effect it's had on the way wars have been conducted since its recognition as a credited technique and compare it with previous war tactics such as static and defensive warfare which was favoured in World War One. The development of weapons and rapid industrialisation in the 19th century eradicated the efficiency of defensive warfare, leaving an alternative being sought after. ...read more.

Middle

Even without the application of Blitzkrieg, did Poland really stand a fighting chance against the German Army? This theory is also applicable to the Germans invasion of France in 1940, they had spent a large amount of their military budget on defence tactic such as the Maginot Line instead of up-dating their arms industry and investing in modern technology, the French High Command in 1940 was not even equipped with radio to control their forces effectively. If allied countries had been less conservative in their views by preparing themselves for a repeat of World War One, would this of not made Blitzkrieg less effective, if not obsolete? As Blitzkrieg had never been used at such a large scale and to such effect before the Germans employed it, there were factors which the opposition could exploit, causing it to be considered less of a turning point. Hitler and other leading German military minds had not pre-anticipated the full importance of maintaining air superiority throughout the duration of the war. However, allied forces, particularly Britain, understood that aerial supremacy was crucial to overcoming the force of a Blitzkrieg attack. If one component of blitzkrieg is overtaken, the rest would unwillingly fall apart. ...read more.

Conclusion

Since its debut in 1939, blitzkrieg has been applied to almost all war efforts and to what appears great success. However, I believe its victories relied heavily upon the weaknesses of the opponent as described in the triumphs over France and Poland, if other countries had not been so conservative in the tactics and developed their arms industry instead of relying heavily upon defenses I do not think that Blitzkrieg would have accomplished such success. Along with this, I think as a tactic it was developed to coincide with the advancing technologies that were becoming available rather than a break-through in strategy. It is still not a flawless technique that can be executed with precise accuracy each time; logistics and limitation still hinder it from being a seamless process. Overall, I believe it was the technology at the forefront of being a turning point, blitzkrieg develops and changes with each new advancements and although I believe it to have significant input in the way war efforts are conducted, I do not think it is successful enough as a strategy alone to be deemed a turning point.1 [1] J.F.C Fuller on the concept of Blitzkrieg tactics - "Military history of the western world" [2] Accounts of an unknown German Prisoner - http://www.2worldwar2.com/principles-of-war.htm [3] The Rommel papers - Field Marshall Erwin Rommel on air superiority -1953 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent is the oil crisis of 1973 a turning point in postwar ...

    5 star(s)

    the first time to the political demands of the OPEC nations(albeit minimal). The fact that the oil-crisis provided OPEC nations the opportunity to seize control over the world's economy through oil signified the start of the US no longer being able to retain its position of economic hegemony- an event

  2. Tsar downfall

    The Duma appealed to the Tsar to replace his cabinet of incompetent ministers, who had the right to veto the decisions of the Duma. It was proposed that members of the Duma would form a "ministry of national confidence", which was what Russia needed during the period of war, especially as a revolution seemed to be immanent.

  1. The Battle of Britain as a turning point in the Second World War.In the ...

    Historians that have studied the all the points in World War Two mainly see this as the correct view. There were a lot more important turning points in the war. One of these was the Evacuation of over 330,00 British and French troops from Dunkirk.

  2. Why was the Six-day War of 1967 a Significant Turning Point in the History ...

    The west bank had now become a refugee centre. There was little hope for the future. This anger and hatred towards the Israelis led to many consequences. One of them being the 3 NOs. the Arabs were not prepared to accept the Israeli victory. In august 1967 the Arab leaders had a summit.

  1. American History.

    Georgia (1793) which established [though overruled by the Eleventh Amendment] that states could be sued in federal courts by cit. of other states. *Domestic Policy under Washington* - After the gov't was all set up, Washington was elected to be the first President.

  2. Was the Battleof Britain a turning point in the defeat of German in World ...

    If Britain had lost the Battle of Britain, most likely, they would have lost resources and Britain would have been occupied by the Germans. The allied bombing simply wouldn't have been possible without Britain as a base. As Germany was also currently fighting the USSR, they had to fight on two fronts.

  1. Can the changes in the conduct of warfare and its impact on society in ...

    The new warfare had a 'financial alter ego' 4 and people such as the tax collectors and customs men could increase the casualty lists if they were accompanied with armed guards. Warfare was now a massive drain on state finance because of the implementation of standing armies and simply because

  2. Explain the importance of the Battle of Britain as a turning point in the ...

    However the Germans had a considerable upper hand as they had 2100 aircraft of all variations i.e. bombers, fighters etc. At the beginning of the battle Britain looked largely out numbered and doomed. It did seem like Britain was very venerable to attack and would only be able to put up a pathetic attempt at defence.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work