• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Contrast The Contribution Made By Mazzini, Cavour and Garibaldi to Italian Unification

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Contrast The Contribution Made By Mazzini, Cavour The unification of Italy was a complicated process that started from the 1790s and lasted until the conquest of Rome by the Italian troops in 1871. The Napoleonic Era, however, did not forecast such an outcome of things: at the beginning of the XIX century Italy consisted of separate states that were ruled first by the French, then by the Austrians who did not think about the unity. The 1820s and 1830s signalized the urging need of Italy to change â people missed the partial freedom that Napoleon gave them and wanted to participate in governing, which was impossible as long as Austria held so much influence within the peninsula. The revolutions of 1820-1 (Piedmont) and 1831-2 (Papal States) showed the citizens that a change is possible. The revolution of 1848 and 1849 gave more hope to the Italian patriots all over the country, for they saw that Milan was able to hold back Austria for some time and for Piedmont was beginning to gain the position of a leader within the States. The shrewd policies of the Piedmontese government and the significant conquests at the South of the Peninsula led to the creation of The Kingdom of Italy in 1861 and then connection of Rome and Venetia. ...read more.

Middle

After 1849 he supported Garibaldi in his attempts to conquer Rome but his role in the unification was coming to the end. The contribution made by Giuseppe Garibaldi was a military one. He engaged himself into the Unification in 1833 when he joined the Young Italy inspired by the idea of an united Italian state. As Mazzini, after the failure in Piedmont in 1834 he escaped to South America. What s important, the time spent by Garibaldi in America was not a wasted period: he learned how to fight at the land, because before, due to his marine origins, he was used to fight on a ship. Like Mazzini, he also gained an important political feature that was recognition in America. When he heard of the planned revolutions during the Spring of Nations, he came back to his motherland with a guerilla called the Red Shirts and helped Mazzini with defending Rome. The actions of Garibaldi were not successful, due to the fact that he was not fully educated in terms of militia and war and once again he fled to America to come back in 1854 and take part in an Austro-Piedmontese war. ...read more.

Conclusion

He even had a conflict with Mazzini: they both disliked each other and did not try to understand the otherâs position. He stood in opposition to the figures of nationalists and their ideas. When it came to military actions, Cavour was not taking part with them, he only planned them and as a Prime Minister did accept some military decisions or did not â for example the decision of taking part in the Crimean War. As a long and complicated process, the Unification of Italy needed the devotion of many people, but it was also in need of leaders that would make the right decision at the right time and be aware of the consequences. Although the contribution made by Garibaldi, Mazzini and Cavour were not equal, together they built an important base for the future of a united Italy. They actions were often ambiguous, but each one of them was the most important person in one field: Mazzini ideologically, spreading the spirit of nationalism all over the country and making attempts to unite the state; Garibaldi militarily, defending Rome, conquering the South and showing the people that victory is not possible; Cavour politically, rationally planning every step of Piedmont and giving up his aims for the greater good. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a knowledgeable response which devotes equal weighting to each of the three figures and uses comparison to explore their strengths. There is a strong amount of detail throughout, although sometimes the author's points are weakened by poor grammar; proof-reading is essential. 4 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 22/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    The Provisional Government did nothing to solve this problem. They wanted to wait for the new government in six months time. They also believed that if they gave land to the peasants, other peasants would desert the army and come home to get land.

  2. Compare & Contrast Cavour & Garibaldi's Contributions to the Unification.

    He was even thought by many of the Sicilian Peasantry to be Jesus Christ due to his incredible previous successes and uncannily similar physical appearance (although he was thought to be an outlaw in conservative circles!). The Thousand was made up mostly from students, young professionals and artisans.

  1. Why did the 1848 revolutions in italy fail?

    However, this wouldn't have been possible for the French if it wasn't for the Pope's support. The French finally destroyed Roman Republic and reinstated the Pope in June 1848; this was a humiliating failure for Mazzini who was a possible leader for a unified Italy.

  2. To what extent were the Jews assimilated into the economic, political and cultural life ...

    anyone of the three religious associations, however the Synagogue association claimed leadership of the community. During the Weimar years, the Jewish community made every effort to become on par with the state school system, it offered children the possibility of acquiring state school leaving certificates, which would give them the opportunity to carry on for further education.

  1. Free essay

    For what reasons did liberal Italy collapse in 1922?

    was now virtually impossible for any government to survive, yet the Popolari were suspicious of the anti-clerical traditions of Liberalism and was willing to destroy any government that offended it.

  2. To what extent was Napoleon an enlightened despot?

    1800, the 75 French newspapers in existence were cut to just 13, and those remaining paper editors were forced to swear an oath of allegiance to Napoleon. By 1810, all newspaper in France had to acquire licenses to print in Paris, and there also just one official paper, 'Le Moniteur'.

  1. How stable was the Weimar Republic 1924-29 ?

    Also, Hindenburg being elected, though it was a good choice, became the focus of powerful groups who wanted a more authoritarian system which went against the Republic causing uncertainty and instability in the government. Economically, inflation was cured in 1924 and never was to return.

  2. How successful was the National Assembly bringing equality and liberty to France during 1789-93?

    and privileges they had lost, but even so the deputies were thrilled with the outcome and Duquesnoy even said âWhat a nation! What glory. What honour to the French!â which showed how confident they were with the August Decrees. The second significant paper reform was the Deceleration of the Rights

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work