• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Could The Division Of Germany Been Avoided In 1949?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Could The Division Of Germany Been Avoided In 1949? In 1949, Germany was divided into two opposing states, the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc. There are many contrasting views on whether the division could have been avoided or not. One view is that the division was caused by the America, and its methods to try to make Europe economically like itself and if the division was done to build a separate Western state, to contain communism. However the opposing view is that, the Berlin Blockade, was just the USSR's way of acting in defence of America and its "threatening" goals. Also the conclusion could come to the idea that many American actions, such as the creation of NATO was done to protect itself as Stalin's foreign policy seemed like a genuine threat. Therefore I will be examining arguments and coming to a general conclusion of whether or not the division of Germany could or could not have been avoided in 1949. In order to come to this conclusion, you need to examine the events that led up to the division and if they could or could not have been avoided. Firstly, in December 15th 1947, the break up of London Foreign Ministers Conference occurred. At this time, it was unlikely that any agreement on Germany was possible. ...read more.

Middle

To fuel the argument that the blame was mostly on the Soviets fault, was the Consolidation of the Eastern Bloc. By June 1948, the Cominform was used as a powerful weapon to control the Soviet Bloc. Even though it seemed that each state in the Bloc was, "independent", they all had to have the same culture, military, social and economic policies. This was hardly a state of "independence". Therefore, there was no more diversity in Eastern Europe, as there was before. Communists seized power in Czechoslovakia and strengthened their power in Hungary. Furthermore, a Peoples Independence Front was set up in the elections in May 1949 and the Communist party controlled it. Only properly approved candidates could run, not anyone else. Gomulka wanted a socialist society that would reflect how Poland was really like was forced to resign in August and then put in jail. This can show how the USA was right, that the USSR just wanted to spread its communism and it can be said that the USA actions in the division were acceptable to contain communism. After all they didn't want to stop entirely communism, just contain it to areas that Stalin controlled, such as the USSR. What power did the USSR have to impose its policies on others? ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, Stalin's attempts to force the West into his way of thinking, or even reconsidering, just made dividing Germany a faster process, therefore, it can be said that there was no other way than to create that East German state. It seems that the division of Germany and Europe was going to happen. However, even if Stalin got his way, its unlikely that, if Stalin got his way, that Germany would remain, truly a genuine independent and neutral country ((reference to Peoples Independence Front). Voices from America and London, showed that it was obvious that most of the Western Europeans preferred a divided Germany and a West Europe that was protected by American military presence. Therefore, even if Stalin was scared of USA actions, he still used force to try and get his way in the Berlin Blockade, an undiplomatic way of thinking. The division was inevitable, it would happen eventually, as the allies just had clearly different aims, the USSR wanted one thing while the USA and Britain wanted another. Stalin would have wanted to spread Communism and the West tried to stop it. Actions by America provoked responses by Soviets, which then provoked further actions by America. It was a vicious cycle. George Keenan and General Robertson may believe there were alternatives to the partition of Germany, but I believe it was inevitable. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Extended Essay: Bismarck and The Unification of Germany

    5 star(s)

    By making the tales available to all Germans, ideas spread this brought the states closer together. The view that the German states should join together was expressed in books, newspapers and magazines. One place where these views really caught on was in the universities.

  2. Discuss the course and consequences of the Arab Israeli Conflict

    What Samuel was stating, was that a "Jewish minority rule should not be imposed on an Arab majority, but a Jewish majority should be created first", and although there was in no way enough room for all of the world's Jews, there was room in Palestine for another 3 or 4 million.

  1. Islam's Effect on the West

    Briefly, the Muslim Empire could be described as an empire of religion and it covered a vast territory with all types of different cultures and nations. Perhaps, the most apparent example that demonstrates Muslim contribution to the western civilization and that is part of today's everyday life is the fundamental improvements and discoveries in the field of Mathematics.

  2. The cult of Stalin and the purges of the 1930(TM)s were two aspects of ...

    This means that historians can only speculate with regard to what actually took place during this significant event. Although Nikolayev was arrested, there are varied theories about who led the conspiracy behind the assassination, one conjecture being Stalin himself was involved, although no solid evidence has ever been found to prove this.

  1. The structures of the Soviet State were created by Lenin and abused by Stalin. ...

    to influence the opinions and actions of others towards some specific end9") was by far the greatest way achieving the results he wanted. His ingenious use of the Cheka and the other names it underwent was what had the Russia population petrified of him.

  2. In the context of India in the 1840s to 1947, how far can independence ...

    Inadequate attempts by the British to deal with Indian grievances by giving them partial ruling power in a limited capacity did not pacify them, and the Rowlatt Act passed in 1919, simply added to criticism with its ?emergency measures?[15] to control unrest and conspiracy.

  1. The Belgian Congo Before and After Independence

    Only Lumumba's MNC has an essentially national perspective. At least two of the tribal parties represent such large regional groups that their programme implies the strong possibility of secession. One is Kasavubu's Abako party. The other is the party led by Moise Tshombe, based in the mineral-rich province of Katanga.

  2. Notes on Cleopatra and her links with Rome

    In 80BC, Sulla (Roman dictator) intervened in Egypt and forced the then queen of Egypt, Cleopatra-Berenice, to marry her nephew, Ptolemy XI. This relationship ended with the assignation of the pharaoh after he had ordered his wife to be killed. The throne was then occupied by a natural son of Ptolemy X, Ptolemy XII (Cleopatra's father)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work