• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

coursework on Elizabeth I

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Elizabeth I How important were Mary Queen of Scot's own actions in bringing about her execution? I think that some of Mary Stuart's actions were extremely important in bringing about her execution. For example Mary Queen of Scot's would have faced no threat of execution from Elizabeth if she had never landed in England. Mary Stuart would have also been perceived as being less of a threat to Elizabeth in the respect of her claim to the throne if she had desisted in writing to Elizabeth instructing her to name Mary as her heir, which Elizabeth would have found impossible to do because of the pressure placed upon her by the English Protestants, as they would have found their Queen naming a Catholic as her heir to the throne completely unacceptable. It was not just Mary Queen of Scot's fault that she was such an imminent threat to Elizabeth's supremacy. There were still many Catholics in England that did not believe Elizabeth to be the rightful ruler of England, and that Mary Stuart had a superior claim to the throne in comparison to the so called "bastard queen". Also, when the Pope ex-communicated Elizabeth, the English Catholics were implored to do all they could to either remove her from the throne, or make her reign as difficult as possible. This, combined with increasing support for a catholic monarch from England's closest enemies, particularly Spain, may have forced Elizabeth to begin to think more about have Mary executed, though she found thinking of this difficult, Mary being her cousin. ...read more.

Middle

This was mainly due to the encouragement they received from people like Price Henry of Portugal. He believed that the people of Portugal should make use of the new navigational instruments and new, faster ships to discover new lands, which could bring wealth to the country. After the collapse of the cloth trade England was forced to look for new means of wealth. This resulted in merchants having to find new markets for their goods and this inevitably involved them travelling to new parts of the world. There were a number of recognised English explorers, the best known of these were; John Hawkins, Francis Drake and Walter Raleigh. John Hawkins was known for slave trading. On a number of his voyages, he would capture people from West Africa, store them on board his ships, sail to Spanish settlements in South America and sell them as slaves. This was just the start of Hawkins encroachment on Spanish trading, which finally resulted in hostilities from Spanish traders and the Spanish Navy. Even though Hawkins did not make huge sums of money, for the crown, from his exploits his activities were still encouraged by Queen Elizabeth as his trading with the new Spanish colonies was taking some of the wealth from the Spanish empire which would have been important to the English as it would be killing two birds with one stone, getting money from trading and parting the Spanish with their wealth, the thing that made the Spanish empire so powerful at this time. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is an age celebrated for its theater, music, literature, and natural sciences. It was also a time of expanded sea power, rising prosperity, religious tolerance, and rapid industrial growth. Elizabeth came to the throne at a time of crisis in leadership for England. She "inherited a tattered realm: dissention between Catholics and Protestants tore at the very foundation of society; the royal treasury had been bled dry by Mary and her advisors, Mary's loss of Calais left England with no continental possessions for the first time since the arrival of the Normans in 1066 and many doubted Elizabeth's claim to the throne". Continental pressures added to the complex England that Elizabeth needed to salvage. France had a substantial amount of power already in Scotland and Spain posed an incredible threat to the security of England. How was Elizabeth to change the role of England in the world and lead the nation through this time of turmoil into a new age of progress and innovation? Luckily, Elizabeth came to the throne as an already intelligent, well educated, and determined woman. She was fluent in six languages and inherited the intelligence, determination, and shrewdness of her parents. Elizabeth used her wisdom and strong will to overcome the challenges that stood in her way of uniting England under strong rule of the British monarchy. Her first issue at hand was the elimination of religious unrest. During her reign Elizabeth achieved a compromise between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. Her constituents accepted this compromise as the basis of their faith. The settlement between the two dominant religions saved England from religious wars like those in France during the second half of the 16th century. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How serious a threat did the Puritans pose to Elizabeth I and her Church?

    4 star(s)

    delusion that if it were not for the episcopate, the Queen would have been anxious for the Church to be further reformed', showing the Queen was dealing with the situation cleverly to try and keep the public on her side.

  2. how significant was the catholic threat to elizabeth 1, posed by her roman catholic ...

    as too foreign to be their sovereign and the wars in both France and Spain prevented her from receiving outside help. Whether or not Mary was a 'real' threat, it is clear that throughout the time of her presence in England, from her arrival in 1568 to her execution in

  1. "Conflict and Contest" or "Cooperation and consent," which phrase best sums up Elizabeth I's ...

    much later in her reign , this again shows that she was un cooperative, and that therefore there was a relationship of conflict, this leads to questioning this interpretation, and due to this, the Post -Revisionist view has been developed, with regards to the succession issue.

  2. Witchcraft in the Elizabethan era.

    Henry's attempts to give life to a legitimate male heir had resulted in a daughter, a miscarriage, and a deformed foetus. Anne's fate was sealed. The King could not admit that he had fathered the defective foetus. It was more expedient to claim that a lover had fathered this monstrosity.

  1. How Far At the Death of Mary I, In 1558, Was England a Roman ...

    The French took over Calais. This was a great blow to England. Mary, however, did not recover from the shock of the event and she died in 1558. Although she became popular for a small time, the English public hated her for her religious intolerance.

  2. To what extent was Mary, Queen of Scots the major cause of instability in ...

    Elizabeth's Protestant councillors did not want that, as it may have resulted in a civil war. The majority of English people were Catholic and Elizabeth was not sure they would follow her if Mary were named heir. Furthermore, Elizabeth did not want political focus to shift from herself to her successor.

  1. The Portrait of a Lady. Discuss James representations of 'places' for women in this ...

    as signifying meaning and value for her as subject, yet fails to see that she is appropriated as a sign in a far more fundamental way. For when Isabel takes people as examples of various theories, she is taken as a potential signifier of any number of signifiers, depending on the male subject communicating through her.

  2. How Successful was Edward Carson in His Defense of Unionism During The Third Home ...

    way in which he firmly dealt with any attempted interjection by the monarch. King George was left in no doubt that it was the Prime Minister in charge. Throughout 1913, there was considerable political jostling, each party for its own ends and always ending in deadlock.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work