• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

coursework on Elizabeth I

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Elizabeth I How important were Mary Queen of Scot's own actions in bringing about her execution? I think that some of Mary Stuart's actions were extremely important in bringing about her execution. For example Mary Queen of Scot's would have faced no threat of execution from Elizabeth if she had never landed in England. Mary Stuart would have also been perceived as being less of a threat to Elizabeth in the respect of her claim to the throne if she had desisted in writing to Elizabeth instructing her to name Mary as her heir, which Elizabeth would have found impossible to do because of the pressure placed upon her by the English Protestants, as they would have found their Queen naming a Catholic as her heir to the throne completely unacceptable. It was not just Mary Queen of Scot's fault that she was such an imminent threat to Elizabeth's supremacy. There were still many Catholics in England that did not believe Elizabeth to be the rightful ruler of England, and that Mary Stuart had a superior claim to the throne in comparison to the so called "bastard queen". Also, when the Pope ex-communicated Elizabeth, the English Catholics were implored to do all they could to either remove her from the throne, or make her reign as difficult as possible. This, combined with increasing support for a catholic monarch from England's closest enemies, particularly Spain, may have forced Elizabeth to begin to think more about have Mary executed, though she found thinking of this difficult, Mary being her cousin. ...read more.

Middle

This was mainly due to the encouragement they received from people like Price Henry of Portugal. He believed that the people of Portugal should make use of the new navigational instruments and new, faster ships to discover new lands, which could bring wealth to the country. After the collapse of the cloth trade England was forced to look for new means of wealth. This resulted in merchants having to find new markets for their goods and this inevitably involved them travelling to new parts of the world. There were a number of recognised English explorers, the best known of these were; John Hawkins, Francis Drake and Walter Raleigh. John Hawkins was known for slave trading. On a number of his voyages, he would capture people from West Africa, store them on board his ships, sail to Spanish settlements in South America and sell them as slaves. This was just the start of Hawkins encroachment on Spanish trading, which finally resulted in hostilities from Spanish traders and the Spanish Navy. Even though Hawkins did not make huge sums of money, for the crown, from his exploits his activities were still encouraged by Queen Elizabeth as his trading with the new Spanish colonies was taking some of the wealth from the Spanish empire which would have been important to the English as it would be killing two birds with one stone, getting money from trading and parting the Spanish with their wealth, the thing that made the Spanish empire so powerful at this time. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is an age celebrated for its theater, music, literature, and natural sciences. It was also a time of expanded sea power, rising prosperity, religious tolerance, and rapid industrial growth. Elizabeth came to the throne at a time of crisis in leadership for England. She "inherited a tattered realm: dissention between Catholics and Protestants tore at the very foundation of society; the royal treasury had been bled dry by Mary and her advisors, Mary's loss of Calais left England with no continental possessions for the first time since the arrival of the Normans in 1066 and many doubted Elizabeth's claim to the throne". Continental pressures added to the complex England that Elizabeth needed to salvage. France had a substantial amount of power already in Scotland and Spain posed an incredible threat to the security of England. How was Elizabeth to change the role of England in the world and lead the nation through this time of turmoil into a new age of progress and innovation? Luckily, Elizabeth came to the throne as an already intelligent, well educated, and determined woman. She was fluent in six languages and inherited the intelligence, determination, and shrewdness of her parents. Elizabeth used her wisdom and strong will to overcome the challenges that stood in her way of uniting England under strong rule of the British monarchy. Her first issue at hand was the elimination of religious unrest. During her reign Elizabeth achieved a compromise between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. Her constituents accepted this compromise as the basis of their faith. The settlement between the two dominant religions saved England from religious wars like those in France during the second half of the 16th century. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How serious a threat did the Puritans pose to Elizabeth I and her Church?

    4 star(s)

    The next major threat was in 1570 when Thomas Cartwright lectured at Cambridge demanding a Presbyterian system, publicly speaking out against the Religious Settlement. As a Presbyterian his influence was not great; however, the fact that he was criticising the establishment he belonged to meant it was taken seriously.

  2. Hisotyr Coursework

    This had led the working class to form trade unions and take the first steps to pressuring the government. There was fear that the two classes would merge in order for the vote. One big factor which shows that the government may have wilted under public pressure was the fact there was a growing change in ideas.

  1. Witchcraft in the Elizabethan era.

    He next complained of impotence. Henry could not afford another divorce action, and he was busy planning his next attempt to procreate and produce a male heir to his throne. Henry VIII married Jane Seymour only several days after Anne Boleyn's execution. It is an undisputed fact that Queen Anne commended her soul to Jesus at least twice before the swordsman beheaded her.

  2. To what extent was Mary, Queen of Scots the major cause of instability in ...

    Elizabeth was fortunate in having James as her unspoken heir, and he had no strong challenge after Mary's execution and the death of all three Grey sisters. As Elizabeth believed in primogeniture, she always assumed Mary would succeed her and after Mary's execution, James became the natural successor; he never needed to be named.

  1. Meddling and troublesome(TM)- how accurate a description is this of Elizabeth I(TM)s parliaments?

    be heir to the throne of England in the event that Elizabeth was to die childless. Mary was Elizabeth's cousin through her father Henry VIII, and due to the lack of surviving offspring of Henry, she was the most obvious choice for the succession based on precedence of birth.

  2. "Conflict and Contest" or "Cooperation and consent," which phrase best sums up Elizabeth I's ...

    The Post - Revisionists believe that the agitation over the succession was caused by the Privy Council who had failed to persuade Elizabeth to their way of thinking, and they hoped that putting parliamentary pressure on her would make her change her mind.

  1. How Far At the Death of Mary I, In 1558, Was England a Roman ...

    Perhaps Mary desired to revenge for her mother's fate due to her father's tilt towards Protestantism. Thus it is evident that religion, politics and even personal lives could not be separated in the politics of England during that time Mary had from the start intended to restore the papal supremacy over the Church of England.

  2. How Successful was Edward Carson in His Defense of Unionism During The Third Home ...

    a unit?The two nation theory to us an abomination and a blasphemy? (Rees, 1998, p. 167) Over the next period of months, Asquith, Redmond, Bonar-Law and Churchill would continue to play a political game of chase with each other in a desperate attempt to find a resolution to the crisis.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work