• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically assess the reasons for the liberal adoption of a policy of social reform in the period 1906-1914

Extracts from this document...


Critically assess the reasons for the liberal adoption of a policy of social reform in the period 1906-1914 There are many issues to examine when answering the question of what prompted the Social reforms of 1906-1914 such as the changing ideas of the British public and national efficiency which was decreasing. In the period of 1906-1914, the social reform acts were passed in parliament by the Liberal government under Herbert Asquith PM, Lloyd-George MP and Winston Churchill MP. These acts laid the foundations of a basic welfare state on which our current welfare state was built from. These acts provided basic support for mothers and children, the old, sick and the unemployed. These changes were considered very radical considering they took place in Victorian England and helped the poor who by popular opinion should not receive help. With poverty spread right across England and ideas changing rapidly this meant that the view that people were in poverty because they were lazy and therefore worthless, became dated, mainly due to the works of Charles Booth and Seebhom Rowntree. Soon after the turn of the century new works were released on how people became poor, for example, Charles Booth's 'Life and Labour of People in London' and Seebohm Rowntree's 'Poverty and a Study of Town Life' (in York). ...read more.


Due to low finances many men were unhealthy, a crucial point in the adoption of social reform came when men were called to fight in the Boer war but nearly 3/5 men had to be turned away because they were not fit enough to fight, this also meant that Britain had a weak workforce and this would not be sufficient if they wanted to keep themselves as an industrial superpower and keep making large amounts of profit therefore something like social reform was needed to be put in place. Social Reform was helped along by The Leaders of the Liberal Party, predominantly Lloyd-George and Winston Churchill; both showed a personal interest in social reform. Lloyd-George had a very non-conformist upbringing. He liked the new ideas on poverty and that a more balanced Britain would have brought in more money to the state. Having witnessed poverty he had a personal desire to amend it and he pressured the reform movement personally. Winston Churchill had an aristocratic rising, never the less he was also keen to eradicate poverty on a large scale, regardless of any political pressure. These two strong leaders who desired change for the good, helped Liberal Reforms to be passed, come to public light and for them to be put to the House of Commons. ...read more.


They wanted leaders who would identify with their needs and troubles and help them. In 1901 their membership was 350,000 and by 1903 it had risen to 861,000. This showed the Conservatives and the Liberals that the Labour party would have been a real threat if the working classes were allowed to vote or if general support gathered for their cause from all classes. This realisation of labour power led to the lib lab pact which benefited both parties and helped liberals to win the 1906 election. Therefore, social reform was necessary to counteract the development of the labour party, to try and show to the nation that they need not change party because the Liberal's were reforming to meet the changing demands in society. In conclusion, the Welfare Reforms came about because of changing ideology and the founding of the Labour party, which promised more action on the growing awareness of poverty and exclusion of the working classes from political representation. The reforms were helped along the way by changing Liberal ideas and compassionate concerned leaders, but it appears that any party who wanted to win the support from the electorate had to change their ideas to match the changing of the public's opinions . Jack Abbotts 12HB ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Liberal Reforms (1906-1914)

    4 star(s)

    Board of Education (BOE), was beginning to replace a patchwork of local charitable efforts. However, in 1912, over half of the local authorities were still to set up a school meals service. Following the introduction of the Education Act 1906, Margaret Macmillan drove Robert Morant, the Permanent Secretary of the Education Board, to introduce school medical inspections.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the liberal government introduce social reforms 1906-1914?

    4 star(s)

    If the man lost his job the whole family would struggle to survive. This is when sometimes the children were sent out to work. The liberals needed to change this and New Liberalism was the way. People were questioning the cost of the Boer war 250 million pounds was spent

  1. Why did the Liberals introduce Social Reform 1906-1914?

    This was part of the 'new Liberalism' look. Lloyd George visited Germany and whilst there noted the wonders of Bismarck's system of government. He bought back Bismarck's ideas to Britain and copied his system of government. Bismarck's success with some sort of welfare state regime encouraged Lloyd George to introduce it in Britain.

  2. Why did the Liberals win and the Conservatives lose the 1906 Election?

    We must now examine the Middle class and Working class interests, as reasons why the liberals won, and the conservatives lost, the election held in 1906. There are many reasons as to why the working class would have been put off voting for the conservatives, which will now be looked at and reviewed.

  1. To what extent could the Liberal reforms of 1906-1914 be described as a radical ...

    This could explain the burst of activity by the Liberal Government. In their studies they distinguished between families suffering from primary and secondary poverty. Such studies provided a wealth of statistical data on wages, hours of work, nutritional needs, food consumed, health and housing.

  2. Sir Winston Churchill

    and Air Minister, Under-secretary for the Colonies, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Lord Rector of the University of Edinburgh; he did not have much power.

  1. The changing position of women and the suffrage question. Revision notes

    The decision to enfranchise women in the USA was carried by a two thirds majority. Norway, Denmark, New Zeland, Australia and Canada had already granted votes for women. * The fear that the enfranchisement of women would benefit one party over another was largely gone.

  2. Explain why the Liberals introduced social reform between 1906 and 1914

    Treatment wasn?t given for free until 1912 when school clinics opened. The education act was also passed in 1907, which allowed children from poorer backgrounds to gain scholarships. Secondary schools that received money from the local government were to reserve 25% for children from elementary schools.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work