• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the impact of Progressive ideals on American foreign policy from 1900 to 1917. Be sure to include in your discussion reference to each of the three Progressive-Era presidents- Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Miguel Wong History 418x Assigment 2 1.- Describe the impact of Progressive ideals on American foreign policy from 1900 to 1917. Be sure to include in your discussion reference to each of the three Progressive-Era presidents- Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. The growth of industry and cities created problems. A small number of people held a large proportion of the nation's wealth while others fell into poverty. Workers faced long hours, dangerous conditions, poor pay, and an uncertain future. Big business became closely allied with government, and political machines, which offered services in return for votes, controlled some city governments, as the United States entered the 20th century, demand arose to combat these ills. Progressive reformers sought to remedy the problems created by industrialization and urbanization. To progressives, economic privilege and corrupt politics threatened democracy. Never a cohesive movement, progressivism embraced many types of reform. Progressives strove, variously, to curb corporate power, to end business monopolies, and to wipe out political corruption. They also wanted to democratize electoral procedures, protect working people, and bridge the gap between social classes. Progressives turned to government to achieve their goals. National in scope, progressivism included both Democrats and Republicans. From the 1890s to the 1910s, progressive effort affected local, state, and national politics. They also left a mark on journalism, academic life, cultural life, and social justice movements. Meanwhile, in September 1901, an anarchist shot President McKinley, and Vice President Theodore Roosevelt assumed the presidency. ...read more.

Middle

In addition, U.S. troops occupied Haiti in 1915 and the Dominican Republic in 1916. American business interest continued to prevail in Latin America. Finally, Wilson came close to involving the United States in a war with Mexico. In 1913, two years after the Mexican Revolution, Mexico's new president was assassinated, and a reactionary general, Victoriano Huerta, took control. Wilson refused to recognize Huerta's unjust regime. Many Mexican who disliked Huerta, however, also resented Wilson's intervention in Mexican affairs. Both sides were poised to fight in 1914, when a confrontation between American sailor and Huerta's forces broke out at Veracruz. Wilson accepted the mediation of Argentina, Chile, and Brazil, but then supported Francisco "Pancho" Villa, a bandit, until Villa crossed the border and massacred Americans with the intention of recovering Texas and New Mexico territories back to the Mexican motherland. Wilson sent U.S. troops to pursue Villa in 1916. the United States withdrew in 1917, which ended American involvement but left a legacy of distrust in Mexico and Latin America. Progressivism changed American attitudes toward the power of government. In 1917 Americans turned their attention from domestic concerns to foreign affairs as the United States became involved in World War I. 2.- Discuss the impact that World War I had on America domestically and with respect to foreign policy, taking special care to consider the influence that the war had on Progressive reform and the ways in which Progressivism helped shape wartime America. ...read more.

Conclusion

The war greatly increased the responsibilities of the federal government. New government agencies relied mainly on persuasion and voluntary compliance. The War Industries Board urged manufacturers to use mass production techniques and increase efficiency. The Railroad Administration regulated rail traffic; the Fuel Administration monitored coal supplies and regulated gasoline. The National War Labor Board sought to resolve thousands of disputes between management and labor that resulted from stagnant wages coupled with inflation. The Food Administration urged families to observe "meatless Mondays," "wheatless Wednesdays," and other measures to help the war effort. Authors Link and Mc Cormick believed that Wilson's call for American entry into World War I started the decline and endurance of progressivism, in a sense, among others it created a crisis of conscience for most progressives. Progressives believes and principles were tested at the verge of world war, they wanted to introduce to the rest of the world the wonders of a modern world based on democracy, honesty and mostly on progressive ideals. On the other hand, and even fiercely criticizing the barbaric blood shed on the European continent, the U.S. just couldn't stay behind, since strong economic and commercial interests were at stake. The failure of World War I gave progressive detractors enough ammunition to finally be able to prove progressivism wrongfully ideals and to destroy it, passing effectively the U.S. into a new era. Sources: Link, Arthur S., McCormick, Richard L. Progressivism. Princeton University. Harlan Davidson, Inc. Arlington Heights, Illinois. LaFeber, Walter. Polenberg, Richard. Woloch, Nancy. The American Century. Third Edition. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * The First Navy Law announced that Germany would build a fleet strong enough to combat the strongest navy in the world. As the strongest navy in the world war Britain's, this was taken as a direct challenge by the British government.

  2. To What extent was German Foreign Policy responsible for the outbreak of general European ...

    Germany also had serious internal problems, to quote the historian Bergahn7, "Practically from the moment of its birth, the German Empire was threatened by a latent political crisis". The political system and constitution was extremely rigid and a countryside based social elite ruled the country.

  1. Free essay

    To what extent are Walter Scott(TM)s novels a product of the Scottish Enlightenment? Discuss ...

    with traditional values of social justice, charity and religious practice (Broadie, 2001). The Enlightenment philosophers were much antagonized and ranged in opposition against Bernard de Mandeville's popular theory that 'private vices' in many instances result in 'public benefits; on the other hand, exemplary moral behaviour, however saintly, does very little practical public good (Broadie, 2001).

  2. American History.

    Unfortunately for the Indians the settlers soon realized that rum was a useful gift. *Colonial Families* - Families constituted the basic units of colonial society, but their forms and structures varied widely during the 18th century. The types of families included...

  1. The American Revolution

    to decrease under the: "continued Expense we [the colonists] are at in providing for the Security of the People...at a Time when the low state of our Staple Commodity, the total Want of Specie, and the late Restrictions upon the Trade of the Colonies, render the Circumstances of the people

  2. 3 presidents

    It was then that Roosevelt sent the Great White Fleet to underline America's interest in the area. The Japanese gave a warm welcome to the ship and relations between the two nations began to bridge. This event almost fits in with his saying of speaking softly and carrying a big stick.

  1. Introduction - US policy to Southeast Asia in general

    This false conclusion, according to Anthony Short, was based on 'circumstantial evidence', namely communist uprisings around the same time in Burma, Malaya and the Philippines, and an internal communist rebellion against the Indonesian Republic in Madiun, Java in September 1948.

  2. The role of foreign policy on democratic transitions in Armenia and Azerbaijan

    Gorbachev then set about decentralizing the management of enterprises requiring that they administer their own finances, in order to make them profitable. Those who did not meet the standard were to be shut down. On May 1st 1988, Gorbachev allowed for the limited opening of private enterprises.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work