• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the key features of the welfare reforms passed by the Liberal Governments of 1906-1911

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the key features of the welfare reforms passed by the Liberal Governments of 1906-1911 The liberal government under Bannerman passed limited reforms, by the time of his resignation the liberals were considered to be running out of steam. Trade Union reform such as the Trade Disputes Act had lead to slight dissatisfaction among Liberals as it turned out to be too radical. Other reforms such as the Merchant Shipping Act were not vote winners and failed to make any major impression. It wasn't until 1908 when he resigned and the Liberals lead by Asquith began to push through more important reforming legislation. ...read more.

Middle

The Coal Miners Act was the first time government intervened to place restrictions upon male working hours and in 1912 they introduced a minimum wage. To ease unemployment Labour Exchanges were set up which notified people of available jobs. Women and children benefited from the Trade Board Act which helped those in the dirty industries. The biggest most radical reform was the setting up of the National Insurance Act in 1911. It provided health insurance and unemployment insurance. It was introduced to help national efficiency and labour pressure forced the unemployment aspect to be dealt with. However workers had to pay into the scheme and the unemployment insurance only applied to certain industries where labour demand fluctuated eg. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was entirely state funded unlike the National Insurance Act. In 1911 the Peoples budget was introduced by Lloyd George after much struggle with the House of Lords and the constitutional crises that developed from this reform. The budget introduced taxes on spirits, tobacco and motors. Progressive taxation was used and the rich taxed heavily on unproductive wealth; a super tax was introduced to anyone earning �5000 or more. Taxation of landowners also hit the rich hard. This socialist budget helped to finance the reforms mentioned above. From 1906-1911 there were reforms which influenced the whole of society; the poor and old benefited, as did children and the working people. Taxation reform hit the rich but benefited the lower classes. Ultimately the liberal reforms in this period set up the basis for the welfare state. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Liberal Reforms (1906-1914)

    4 star(s)

    The Liberal government had to overcome various problems in order to have the Old Age Pensions Act passed in 1908. These included cost, as following the Boer War, the finances of the country were very disorganised. Asquith, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, would only commit the government to the introduction of a Pensions Bill once the government was in surplus.

  2. To what extent could the Liberal reforms of 1906-1914 be described as a radical ...

    Further, despite the introduction of the inspections, they were not a solution for all as the treatment was not free. Therefore the success of such inspections is questionable. This is illustrated by Murray; 'Both measures gradually had a major impact despite their opponents.

  1. Why was The Great Reform Act passed in 1832 ?

    day wage and reduction of rent and tithes (the wages had dropped because of the depression in 1816). A letter from the High Sheriff to the Home Office gives one version of what occurred, and a lady writing to a friend in London gave another.

  2. Free essay

    Liberal reforms

    More and more people found themselves being sacked which meant they wouldn't be eligible to receive the insurance scheme money. By 1915 around 2.3 million people were insured under this scheme. Hundreds of unemployed people now received and were introduced into the insurance scheme despite the fact they were unemployed,

  1. Why did the Liberals introduce major social reforms from 1906 to 1911 and how ...

    One could assume that the most likely of reasons for introducing the reforms would have been to gain some tactical advantage over the other parties(Hay, 1975, p27), particularly over the emerging Labour Party. This argument can be validated further by the fact that, by the early 1900s, the Labour Party

  2. Why In The Years 1906-1911 Did The Liberal Government Embark On An Extensive Programme ...

    The government's failure to take any action to rectify the situation cost the party votes. Labour and Liberal political candidates immediately made the link between the 'Chinese slavery' and the Taff Vale Case of 1901; the Conservatives did not over turn a ruling preventing the trade unions from initiating strike action.

  1. How did the elderly fare in welfare terms under the English New Poor Law?

    Manchester workhouse, for instance, was condemned at the beginning of the 1800's by an independent report while Bristol workhouse was perceived to be a particularly advanced institution, fostering care and community spirit. Christie (1984:103) details the futility of attempting to offer a definitive conclusion with regards to workhouses.

  2. To what extent were the welfare reforms of the Liberal governments between 1906 and ...

    It seems to suggest many politicians had finally realised just how seriously reforms were needed, but many felt they were only needed to solve the problem of the countries security, and did not support them for any other reason, such as genuine concern.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work