• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the methods used by the Abolitionist movement in their campaign against slavery in the 1840s and 1850s.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the methods used by the Abolitionist movement in their campaign against slavery in the 1840s and 1850s. Abolitionists used many different ways to get their point across, and try to make changes to the allowance of slavery in the United States of America. One of the more radical, even fanatical abolitionists was John Brown. This man did not plan carefully; he was almost certainly psychotic; yet he is remembered to this day in the song 'John Brown's Body', therefore he must have made an impact on the views of people about slavery. He was very violent - in 1856 he had five pro-slavery men butchered on Pottawotamie Creek. However, Northerners glossed over the murders, claiming Brown was a hero who had acted in self defence. This started up a bout of 'tit-for-tat' killings. ...read more.

Middle

She led 300 slaves to freedom, and was aptly named the 'Moses of her people'. Her solution was not really practical long term as it didn't resolve the issue of slavery, but it certainly helped many of the slaves to gain their freedom, and gave others hope. Slaveholders obviously thought of her as a great threat, offering $40,000 for her return, so she must have made an impact on the slave community. The abolitionist that brought the most attention and publicity to the conditions of the slaves, and gained the most sympathy for them was without a doubt Harriet Beecham Stowe. She was a married white woman, who in 1850 wrote 'Uncle Tom's Cabin', originally as a serial in an anti-slavery newspaper, but when she released it as a book in 1852, it sold 300,000 copies in the first year, and over the next ten years, 2,000,000. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although its circulation was only 3000 (and 75% of the buyers were freed slaves), it showed that there were people who made the effort to bring the issue to the attention of the American public. There were also some black men like Frederick Douglas, who toured the country, seeking sympathy to their cause. He in particular was the son of a slave in Maryland, self-educated who toured the USA and later England, making speeches on behalf of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society. This was one of the many abolitionist societies. I do not think that there was one method that worked better than another as they all made quite different impacts to the anti-slavery cause. Some were long term, some were short term; some were peaceful, some were violent; some used words and others used actions. Some got publicity; some achieved freedom for some slaves - but as all of them have been remembered today, they must have made an effect on the movement, and so their actions ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    Other episodes included burglary and getting the FBI to investigate people they didn't like In June 1972 Nixon's men were caught breaking into Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington DC. They were linked to the White House and later it was discovered that Nixon had told the

  2. What was the short term significance of settlement in Kansas in the 1850s and ...

    This violence would soon seep out of congress and into Kansas. Violence in congress was apparent in the case of 'Bleeding Sumner'. In this instant Southern Congressman Preston Brooks brutally beat Northern senator Sumner because of his ideas concerning anti-slavery.

  1. The abolition of slavery 1833.

    This turned many people against slavery and Olaudah soon found he working with the likes of Wilberforce. He also helped slaves gain their freedom and brought cases to the public. The black slaves who worked in the sugar plantations in the West Indies, did not have the chance to go to court so they rebelled!

  2. The Underground Railroad

    Directions to stations were hidden in the lyrics of songs. "Follow the Drinking Gourd" was a song with lyrics advising slaves to stay close to riverbanks and that two rivers would be crossed during the journey. Once slaves arrived at a safe house, they used special knocks or passwords to

  1. Abolishing slavery.

    As a result, the abolitionist movement grew, and an underground railroad became the means of escape to freedom. As a result of the success of the underground railway, in 1850 the U.S. Government passed the Fugitive Slave Law, a portion of the 1850 Compromise that required the federal government's assistance in returning slaves that had run away to free states.

  2. What did the Compromise of 1850 offer to people who supported slavery? What did ...

    Also, popular sovereignty would be established for both of the territories. The passage of the act caused much tension between the North and South and bitter Congressional debate. Northern Congressmen saw the bill as a plot that would turn the territories into slave states.

  1. Harriet Beecher Stowe influenced many Americans to join the abolitionist movement and ultimately caused ...

    They were also friends with both the slaves and the slave owners and Harriet came to understand the human dimensions of slavery both from slave's point of view and from the slaveholder's point of view ("Harriet" Pinn). Stowe also taught in Ohio at a school for former slave children and

  2. The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano - overview

    His descriptions also concentrate on the events he observes, "One day, when we had a smooth sea and moderate wind, two of my wearied countrymen who were chained together (I was near them at the time), preferring death to such a life of misery, somehow made through the nettings and jumped into the sea" (Equiano, p.82).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work