• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the problems that faced the Bolsheviks in their first year in government and their solutions

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the problems that faced the Bolsheviks in their first year in government and their solutions Give me four years to teach the children and the seed I have sown will never be uprooted - Vladimir Lenin This is what Lenin announced as he came into power in November of 1917. It is argued that this was completed within the first couple of years of his ruling, though as with any new government, the first year was the most difficult. Many problems were encountered within that time, some handed from the previous provisional government, and others from the Bolsheviks themselves. The first of these large problems was an international one, and that was World War One. Russia had been fighting alongside the British and the French against Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The war had begun in 1914 and was currently draining Russia of its few precious resources, such as food, coal and iron. Being a Socialist movement, the Bolsheviks aim was to instigate peace.1 War went against their main beliefs, and this therefore had to be dealt with straight away. One of Karl Marx's most famous quotes was "No nation which oppresses others can itself be free" and Lenin was a great admirer of Marx and his theories on Communism. Not only this, but if the war had continued and had been won, Lenin was afraid that Germany may claim some of their land in victory, and this is something he wanted to avoid at all costs. ...read more.

Middle

However, the tension between the Bolsheviks and other parties and social groups did not end there. In 1918 Civil War broke out in Russia, primarily between the Reds and the Whites, however every party that was opposed to the Bolshevik rule join in on the Whites side. This occurred as a result of the shutting down of the Constituent Assembly, and because of the scare of Communist revolutions across the world. The Allies decided to join the Civil War a few weeks in, and fought against the Bolsheviks. They also feared that the setting up of a Communist ruling within Russia would prompt other nations to do the same. They were angry at the fact that Russia had withdrawn from the war in such a defeatist manner. At this time, the Bolsheviks had introduced the Cheka into Russian society. This was lead by Felix Dzerzhinsky and was aimed to be a secret police force. However the Cheka's tactics were far from discreet. It is estimated that by 1924 the Cheka had executed more that 250,000 people. Different sections of the Cheka had preferred methods of torturing and killing citizens who did not comply with the Communist way of living. For example, in Kiev they placed rebels in a coffin with a decaying corpse, buried them alive and then half an hour later dug them out again.6 The Cheka were heavily involved in the Bolsheviks defence during the Civil War and were renamed the Red Terror because of the horror they inflicted into people's lives. ...read more.

Conclusion

The only ruling was that they were not allowed to employ anyone else to do their work - the land had to be looked after by themselves only. Obviously the peasants were not used to this way of being treated and became greedy. Peasants took more land than they could afford to keep, and as result lots went to waste. Other peasants had very small amounts of land and could not make enough food to survive. This resulted in yet worse problems with food shortages in the cities, whilst some of the peasants thrived in the countryside. In all, it seemed that some of the policies introduced by Lenin had made Russia worse off than before, and some were even saying that the reign of Tsar Nicholas II was a better one to live under, rather than this Bolshevik rule. Many of the Russian citizens saw that Lenin was only thinking of short-term solutions to the problems that had occurred, rather than thinking of the long-term options and contemplating the consequences of the decrees and strategies before he put them into practise. However, we have to remember that all this was in Lenin's first year of power and, like all leaders; he faced many problems that needed dealing with. Lenin did the best he could to cope with these given the position he was in, and it is debatable that anyone else could have done better in the circumstances. Lenin continued to lead the Russian people, later developing the New Economic Plan, and was only replaced upon his death in 1924 by Stalin. Petrograd was renamed Leningrad in his honour. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    and the memoir literature is singularly empty of discussion of the embarrassing interlude during which the Party rejected Lenin's policies. In the absence of such hard information, it is all too easy to speculate---and it is nothing more than speculation of the most insubstantial sort---that Lenin had, by dint of

  2. How well equipped was Tsar Nicholas II to deal with the problems that faced ...

    To reform he could bring in some liberal amendments to appease the opposition, particularly the liberals. This would perhaps lessen the pressure on him from opposition groups. This however would not have appeased the socialist revolutionaries or the social democrats because they wanted the complete removal of the tsar and the system of Tsarism.

  1. Soviet State

    * Christian: "Clearly, the industrialisation drive succeeded at least in part because Soviet citizens (particularly Soviet women) were working harder than before. They produced more because they worked harder." * How did the government do this? In the countryside, collective farms forced their members to spend much more time and labour supplying the government with cheap grain.

  2. The causes of the second world war - Problems 1919-1924.

    In September 1931 units in the Japanese army seized parts of a Chinese province of Manchuria, without any orders from the government. The Japanese government did nothing to terminate it because the Japanese people supported the army's action. By February 1932 the Japanese had occupied the whole of Manchuria.

  1. What problems did the Bolsheviks have to confront in the first eighteen months of ...

    Now that the Bolsheviks were firmly in power they still had many problems to face. One problem which needed to be dealt with rather urgently was World War One as it was draining Russia of her resources. Lenin had negotiation talks with Germany to try and stop the war, however

  2. The French Revolution Broke Out Because Of a Shortage of Bread Discuss.

    They declared war on England in 1776. France sent over many troops and fighting ships. This cost a lot of money and therefore increased the government debt even more. When the troops arrived in America, they saw how it was ruled. They saw the free, hierarchy-less county where everyone was equal and thought that France should use the same methods of ruling.

  1. How effectively did Alexander II cope with the problems he faced on his succession?

    The appointment of Reutern as fiaiance minster did show some promising effects; he focused on increasing railways, which was shown by an increase of tracks by 7 fold from 1862-1878. The ?break bulk? of the trains was an attempt to bolster the economy, through transporting heavy industry goods.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    Due to the strict control some of the childrens remaind unskilled and without too much knowledge, thismeant that in a future those children would find it dificult to find a job. Employment was a very important matter, and if you were unemplyed you would hardly find one which suited to their ability.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work