• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the steps taken by the Bolsheviks to secure power between the October Revolution of 1917-22.

Extracts from this document...


Describe the steps taken by the Bolsheviks to secure power between the October Revolution of 1917-22 For the Bolsheviks seizing power was the easy part, staying in power was to be much more difficult. Many Bolsheviks' opponents thought they would only stay in power for only a few weeks at the most. In this essay I am going to describe the actions taken by the Bolsheviks to secure power between the years of 1917-22. The Bolsheviks did not control the whole of Russia, and the World War had left the Russian economy in ruins. There were very low investment and high inflation. The Treaty of Brest Litarsk only made matters worse as they lost a lot of land, some of the population, a lot of coal and steel reserves. It was meant to improve the economy but it did not as industrial production ceased ad this caused grain requisitioning. Lenin's greatest problem therefore was improving the food supply. The promise of peace, land and bread was honoured by immediate measures. ...read more.


The government used force to organise grain from the peasants. The peasants reacted violently so the Cheka (Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-revolution and sabotage). The Policy was not a success. The peasants now had no incentive to farm grain so they resorted to subsistence farming. This caused widespread famine and about five million people died. The policy on the whole was a grain failure. Though some Bolshevik members supported the policy, Lenin realised the regime was in danger. Despite Civil War victory, the Bolsheviks own supporters were turning against them as at the Kronstadt uprising. At Tombov the peasants revolted over grain requisitioning. It took about 5,000 red army troops to surpress the revolt. Lenin realised that to stay in power he must stop all the discontent and that the government could not continue the policy on the war communism. In 1921, the NEP (New Economic Policy) was set up to improve the economy as it is near collapse now. ...read more.


The Bolsheviks also used propaganda to try and gain support. It worked in many circumstances but it led people to not believe the Bolsheviks, as they weren't sure when the Bolsheviks were lying or not. Lenin created a one party state and banned the constituent assembly. This gained some support for the Bolsheviks as people for forced to vote for them, as they had no one else to vote for. This did cause uprisings, as people wanted freedom. I think the most important step was the introduction of the NEP as it gave the peasants more freedom and gained him support of the workers ad peasants. It lost him support though in the Bolsheviks as leading members such as Lenin spoke out and opposed him. This was the wake up for Lenin, as he knew that people were prepared to oppose him, even in his own party. I think the NEP was a success as it solved a lot of major problems that needed solving so I think that the problems solved out weighed the problems caused. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    The second group consists of soldiers and workers, who voted overwhelmingly for the Bolsheviks---47.9% of the total electorate in Moscow and 45.0% in Petrograd. The vote for all other parties combined did not exceed 30.0% in either city. Radkey draws the following conclusions from the elections and their reflection of

  2. How important was Lenin to the success of the October 1917 Revolution?

    This had already come to light in the previous revolutions of 1905 and, perhaps more significantly, February 1917. Lenin was not involved in these revolutions - he was even caught by surprise by the February revolution - and so it could be argued that, as they had done it before,

  1. Assess the reasons why the Russian Revolution of 1917 ended in victory for the ...

    Another significant piece of factor to explain the question is the Bolsheviks gave what the people wanted. Due to the previous governments mismanagement, Russia had participated in a series of war which had taken a toll on Russia's resources.

  2. The Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917 mainly because of the effects of ...

    The Optimist Schools would argue war acted as a catalyst to the Tsar's collapse. Other schools would argue war merely accentuated the existing problems and deficiencies in Russia. The economic backwardness added to military in capabilities which were symbolized in the great retreat of 1915.

  1. How secure was the Tsars power up to 1904

    1866 - brought an end to the period of liberalisation and reform and a growth in the rise of revolutionary groups By 1866 Alexander had returned to repression and had re-introduced aspects of the 'Nicholas System' including; censorship of the press, tight government control of education, restrictions on travel and further reductions in the powers of the zemstva.

  2. Account for the factors which lead to the Bolshevik's coming to power in October ...

    In case of the Bolsheviks, they had a private army the "Red Guards" which was dedicated to the revolution and set up and trained by Trotsky. Trotsky was the Commissar of War and was mostly responsible for the successful military operations.

  1. Account For the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

    Why should opposition groups recognise such a government? The Bolsheviks were careful not to affiliate itself with the Provisional Government because it wanted to disassociate itself from government's many failed policies and it also wanted to remain a small, hardcore, tightly knit net of ardent Marxists, without any Bourgeois influences.

  2. What steps did the Bolsheviks take to try and survive and consolidate their power ...

    In place of the Assembly, Lenin use the All-Russian Congress of Soviets as an instrument of popular support, a body which of course the Bolsheviks had much more control and thus the first steps to consolidation of power was taken.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work