• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the steps taken by the Bolsheviks to secure their power between the October Revolution of 1917 and 1921.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the steps taken by the Bolsheviks to secure their power between the October Revolution of 1917 and 1921. The Bolsheviks took all sorts of measures to consolidate their power from 1917 and 1921. The Bolshevik party had accomplished the very difficult task of winning over the majority of working class and the majority in the soviets but yet still had not achieved to gain position in the assembly but this was still before the revolution. After the October revolution the Bolsheviks seem to gain strength in support and power. The Bolsheviks gained support gradually. But some of the methods they tried to gain were too extreme and this made them unpopular. The Bolsheviks had made several promises to the people of Russia and Lenin intended to keep them. His first promise was the promise of peace. ...read more.

Middle

There was also another decree, which was the right of people of Russia decree but this did not work out that very well. When Lenin came in power he needed to enforce order do this he created the Cheka. The Cheka was the secret police force though many people did not know this. The Cheka was established on the 20th December 1917. This was Lenin's use of terror and it was very unpopular. This was one of the reasons why Civil war broke out in summer 1918. The strength of the Cheka grew continuously especially after the attempted assassination on Lenin. The Cheka launched the red terror in the summer of 1918 and arrested anyone suspicious plotting against the Bolsheviks. The cheka also carried out the execution of the Tsars family so there would be not attempt for Tsarism to come back. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was a big development of the communist party and it seemed to gain support. It seemed clear that Lenin's main aim was to become a one party state. He had taken several processes to ensure this. He first dissolved the constituent assembly. He had banned many opposition parties and had their newspapers closed down. It would seem that without Lenin, the Bolsheviks would not have succeeded and would not have gained power. With Lenin's role in the consolidation of power, it gave them a centralised aim. The white army did not have this. The steps taken by the Bolsheviks seemed very necessary in order to gain power. Like the dissolution of the constituent party and banning of the opposition parties. By issuing the workers decree and land decree he gained support from the people of Russia. Without the Cheka, he could not establish order. It seemed like by the end of 1921, Lenin was an untouchable and seemed more God like. Shafa Mahmood ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How important was Lenin to the success of the October 1917 Revolution?

    but the immediate aim was to get the Bolsheviks in charge so that these targets could be put into practice. When the Bolsheviks were in government, the goals became more long-term with Lenin and his government aiming to remove Russia from the war and improve the situation of the majority of people.

  2. The 1917 Revolution.

    Hounded by the police, the Bolshevik party seemed weakened beyond recovered, and yet they were soon to be in a position to challenge the Provisional Government. For the speed of their recovery, the Bolsheviks could thank the schemes of General Kornilov.

  1. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power: 1917 - 1924?

    links and the fact that the White forces all had their own agenda's and had a fragmented leadership that had little if any communication between White Armies by 1921 and mainly due to Trotsky's efforts as War Commissar the various White Armies had been defeated or returned to their own countries.

  2. How did the Bolsheviks retain power in the crisis years from October 1917 to ...

    This Petrograd Soviet had smaller soviets running off it, and these had even smaller ones below themselves; they were all intertwined. When the Bolsheviks got full control of Russia, the tiny Soviets in little villages still remained, as a miniature government for that specific place.

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    when this was interpreted as meaning that Kerensky was secretly plotting with the Germans to hand over the city so that its revolutionary fires could be quenched. This interpretation was complete nonsense, but Kerensky found it difficult to avoid being associated with comments such as this one, by Mikhail Rodzianko,

  2. The Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917 mainly because of the effects of ...

    Key Bolsheviks were exiled or had to leave the country for their safety but in the time they were in exile the lack of activity from their party allowed time for the Russian people to defocus themselves from any dislike felt for them because of such things their associations with the Germans.

  1. "The Bolsheviks did not seize power, they picked it up." How well does this ...

    Whole Russian regiments begin to mutiny. The Government created hope among the people but there was a disastrous outcome. People started to question their judgment and turned their heads to the Bolsheviks. In the atmosphere created by the news of the failure of the offensive and the government's mounting problems,

  2. How did the Communist Party maintain power between 1917 and 1921?

    as all political and military opposition to their rule had been quenched. The application of Red Terror as a weapon of government policy was indicated in the earliest days of the Bolshevik government. Described as having been officially announced on September 2, 1918, this was a campaign of mass arrests, executions and atrocities conducted by the political police.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work