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Developments in Latin American Countries - Debate between the Conservatives and the Liberals -19th Century.

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Developments in Latin American Countries - Debate between the Conservatives and the Liberals -19th Century Summary This is a three- page paper on the Latin American Countries, with emphasis on the debates between the Liberals and the Conservatives during the 19th century developments of the countries of the continent. The 19th century witnessed majority of the Latin American countries achieve independence, in their endeavor to further define their identity as an independent civilization, and strengthen their relations with the Western nations of the world. Inspired by the American and the French Revolutions of the same century, the leaders of Latin American countries strived to achieve political freedom from the era's two most powerful colonialists, the Spaniards and the Portuguese. Beginning in 1801, these wars of independence succeeded in liberating most of the northern territories of the Latin American continent, including parts that today comprise of Argentina and Mexico, winning an independence status in 1819 from the Spanish colonial rule. ...read more.


The debate between the liberals and the conservatives even penetrated the military regimes, majority of who were liberal in orientation. This eventually led to the commercialization of agriculture and mining, encouragement of foreign investment, and massive scale immigration in some areas as well. These policies of inviting and encouraging foreign investment further led to dominating role of the Western economies, such as that of the United States who always sought to protect her investments. For the countries of Latin America, these strategies however proved disastrous, as this not only gave rise to an increased foreign intervention, they also led to the establishment of separate and distinct regions within the same Latin America civilization and continent. The debate between the liberals and the conservatives was also evidenced in the political elite of the Latin American countries, as each forwarded its own principals and ideologies. For example, the liberals vouched for constitutional parliamentary rule and a reduced role for the Church, while the conservatives showed their distrust in the parliaments, and came up with supporting arguments for the landlords and the Catholic Church. ...read more.


The conservatives were in support of a strong monarchy, while the liberals sought to abolish monarchy, and convert the state into a republic. The conservatives however succeeded in bringing absolutist monarchy with the aid of the new constitution of 1824. Yet, the monarchic rule of the royal family could not sustain and though numerous attempts to reinstate monarchy were made by the conservatives, the royal family had to flee the country, and Brazil was made into a Republic in 1889, that continues to this day. (Mahmood, 2003) The development of the Mexico was no different from that of Brazil, as she too began her post independence era with a conservative supported monarchy that was to last until the year of 1824 converting Mexico into a republic. The formation of the republic of Mexico also gave way to the break-up of Central America into independent nations, which was part of the Empire until then. The debate between the liberals and the conservatives too was, and still is the primary issue of government, governance and society, that to date remains unresolved, in majority of the Latin American countries. ...read more.

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