• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Developments in Latin American Countries - Debate between the Conservatives and the Liberals -19th Century.

Extracts from this document...


Developments in Latin American Countries - Debate between the Conservatives and the Liberals -19th Century Summary This is a three- page paper on the Latin American Countries, with emphasis on the debates between the Liberals and the Conservatives during the 19th century developments of the countries of the continent. The 19th century witnessed majority of the Latin American countries achieve independence, in their endeavor to further define their identity as an independent civilization, and strengthen their relations with the Western nations of the world. Inspired by the American and the French Revolutions of the same century, the leaders of Latin American countries strived to achieve political freedom from the era's two most powerful colonialists, the Spaniards and the Portuguese. Beginning in 1801, these wars of independence succeeded in liberating most of the northern territories of the Latin American continent, including parts that today comprise of Argentina and Mexico, winning an independence status in 1819 from the Spanish colonial rule. ...read more.


The debate between the liberals and the conservatives even penetrated the military regimes, majority of who were liberal in orientation. This eventually led to the commercialization of agriculture and mining, encouragement of foreign investment, and massive scale immigration in some areas as well. These policies of inviting and encouraging foreign investment further led to dominating role of the Western economies, such as that of the United States who always sought to protect her investments. For the countries of Latin America, these strategies however proved disastrous, as this not only gave rise to an increased foreign intervention, they also led to the establishment of separate and distinct regions within the same Latin America civilization and continent. The debate between the liberals and the conservatives was also evidenced in the political elite of the Latin American countries, as each forwarded its own principals and ideologies. For example, the liberals vouched for constitutional parliamentary rule and a reduced role for the Church, while the conservatives showed their distrust in the parliaments, and came up with supporting arguments for the landlords and the Catholic Church. ...read more.


The conservatives were in support of a strong monarchy, while the liberals sought to abolish monarchy, and convert the state into a republic. The conservatives however succeeded in bringing absolutist monarchy with the aid of the new constitution of 1824. Yet, the monarchic rule of the royal family could not sustain and though numerous attempts to reinstate monarchy were made by the conservatives, the royal family had to flee the country, and Brazil was made into a Republic in 1889, that continues to this day. (Mahmood, 2003) The development of the Mexico was no different from that of Brazil, as she too began her post independence era with a conservative supported monarchy that was to last until the year of 1824 converting Mexico into a republic. The formation of the republic of Mexico also gave way to the break-up of Central America into independent nations, which was part of the Empire until then. The debate between the liberals and the conservatives too was, and still is the primary issue of government, governance and society, that to date remains unresolved, in majority of the Latin American countries. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    woman," as she became known); of new sexual practices and attitudes and new styles of living. The sense of community faded. Romanticism shaped the new mood, with its emphasis on instinct and impulse rather than reason, ecstatic release rather than restraint, individualism and self-gratification rather than group discipline.

  2. American History.

    taken out of Massachusetts] and Missouri would enter as a slave state, but in the rest of the Louisiana Territory north of 36'30� slavery was prohibited. - The agreement worked but almost was destroyed in November when Missouri's constitution was found to bar free blacks from entering.

  1. Outline the various stages in the development of warfare since the middle of the ...

    Due to this, war has extended from armies to ordinary civilians, therefore potentially increasing death tolls and creating more fear among inhabitants of a country at war as attacks can be secret. The mobility and transport of armies has also changed which has an effect on the development of warfare;

  2. Russia: a Century of Upheaval.

    Still, there was not enough to go round, and this led to greedy nobles, realising the competition, could charge high rates. This made them extremely unpopular. We would be very much mistaken if we thought of Russia as a completely medieval style state, progress was being made.

  1. What factors have prompted democratisation in Argentina?

    other establishments by having the capacity to monopolise the legitimate use of violence within a given territory. Violence typified Argentina's military regime. The official death toll is between seven and eight thousand people; human rights organisations put the total closer to thirty thousand.

  2. The proposition that the Meiji Restoration and Japan's modernisation were caused by Western Imperialism ...

    With this internal disunity, and the discontent of the vast majority of the Japanese population, it is not surprising that the shogunate was overthrown. The factor which seems to have been the catalyst of the transfer of power to the Emperor was the American attempt to open Japan to the West.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work