• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do you agree that the wartime alliance between the USA and the Soviet Union during WW2 was bound to fail once the war ended?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Do you agree that the wartime alliance between the USA and the Soviet Union during WW2 was bound to fail once the war ended? The members of the wartime alliance were very different prior to and throughout WW2, particularly in their attitudes towards each other, their own country and the rest of the world and it was this that continuously threatened the stability of the alliance. The result was that the alliance collapsed within 2 months of the war ending, leaving behind bitter enemies of USA and USSR before the start of the Cold War. The wartime alliance was based primarily on pragmatism and expediency, which worked for the duration of the war. Both the USA and the Soviets in particular hated Hitler and it therefore seemed natural for an alliance to be formed. However it was not based on ideology; something both countries displayed as being very strong but also very different. The USA was a capitalist country committed to the individual pursuit of wealth seeing this as the rationale for society. The USSR on the other hand was very communist believing in shared, collective wealth and the strength of society as a whole. ...read more.

Middle

Similarly the USA also wanted a buffer zone in the form of a strong Germany to protect them from a strong Russia which, prior to the war, had seen substantial economic growth in the 1930?s and could become a threat to USA?s dominance. The USA wanted open markets to maximise their trading opportunities and increase and maintain their profit levels. Whilst this would benefit everyone it would be particularly beneficial to the US following their economic dominance throughout the 1920?s. Of course the Soviets, being communist wanted a closed trading system whereby they only trade with other communist countries, blocking exploitative advances from the west. Another element to the breakup of the alliance is that before the war, neither the USA nor USSR wanted world power, despite economic dominance and economic growth respectively. After WW2 with the responsibilities of reshaping the post war world, the possibilities towards changing the world favourably for their country both economically and politically became more apparent. There was a power vacuum which both the USA and Russia had the potential to fill, causing tensions and even aggression during the post war conferences with little room for compromise from either side of the alliance. ...read more.

Conclusion

To conclude, the wartime alliance was never going to work beyond the duration of the war. It was created for the war and therefore not designed for any longer term existence. The ideologies and principles of the USA and USSR were so far removed that they struggled to find any common ground, thus creating a constant tension and mutual suspicion which was underlying cause of the breakup of the alliance. However, while both powers were partly to blame, the aggression and insensitivity of the USA towards the USSR is ultimately the reason for the failure of the alliance. The USSR was in a much worse situation at the end of the war than the USA because of the USA?s lack of action in the war in comparison to that of the USSR. The USA should have been prepared to compromise on behalf of the efforts the Soviets made during the war and yet they were so fearful of communism that they treated the USSR with a lot of suspicion. Less suspicion and more support for the broken USSR might have lessened Stalin?s doubt about the motives of the USA and actually helped the wartime alliance to continue for longer. Ultimately, the wartime alliance was just that, created and lasting for purely wartime. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. How far do you agree with this description of the prosperity of the USA ...

    But the introduction of credit caused many people to spend way beyond their means to keep up with the craze of buying new and exciting consumer goods. $7 billion worth of goods was bought on credit during the time period, this lead to a staggering amount of debt and repossessions.

  2. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    They were the SNCC (Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee) organised student protests. SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference), was run by MLK. CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) 1960 Greensboro, in Woolworths, 85 black and white SNCC students began a"Sit in" and demanded to be served at a whites only counter.

  1. In considering the development of the USA in the years 1815-1917, how far can ...

    territory and the US army did nothing to protect the Indians, thus it could be argued that after the Civil war America was being more orientated to develop the country and the Native American needs were neglected , therefore the Union victory was not seen as a turning point for

  2. Never Ending Racisim

    One of the claims made by supporters of affirmative action is that affirmative action helps the disadvantaged when it comes to the college application process. This claim is a particularly racist comment in itself because it is making the assumption that anyone who is a minority is disadvantaged.

  1. How far do you agree that the impact of WW2 was the main reason ...

    In 1946 Truman commissioned an organisation called the President?s Committee on Civil Rights, The committee was instructed to investigate the status of civil rights in the country and propose measures to strengthen and protect them.

  2. How Far Do You Agree That The Impact Of World War 2 Was The ...

    Despite the initiatives implemented by President Truman it could be argued that these did more harm than good, as they forced integration within the army. There was also huge lack of commitment to these initiatives after they were put in place such as, black soldiers having different canteens and being transported to the battlefield in different vehicles.

  1. Describe Wilsons Fourteen points, Why did Congress fail to ratify the Peace Settlement?

    One can perhaps say that the Fourteen Points probably prevented the terms from being far worse than they could have been. They served perhaps as a moral scale for the delegations at the peace conference. b) When Wilson returned in late 1919, the country had changed.

  2. Religion in the West -The United Brethren Missionary Train to Oregon

    She could make no reply and I continued, ?I think it is very wicked, Mary, that colored people are used so bad in this world, but those of us who think so cannot help it.? ?No,? said she, ?all we can do is to hope for a better world? whilst tears flowed freely down her face.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work