• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do you think that Dic Penderyn was unjustly hanged?

Extracts from this document...


Do you think that Dic Penderyn was unjustly hanged? In this essay I intend to examine the court case and subsequent execution of Richard Lewis alias Dic Penderyn. I will look at all the evidence presented to the court and decide whether he was guilty as charged or whether the case should have been acquitted for lack of substantial evidence. To begin I will give you a little information on why the Rising first took place. Richard Crawshay, the Iron Master, began sacking his skilled workers because he was unable to pay their wages. Gwyn A Williams, an historian who specialises in Merthyr said; " Merthyr was already hit by the slumps. Wages were falling, hundreds going on poor relief; the debtors' court (the Court of Requests), run by shopkeepers, was busy confiscating goods from destitute workmen. Crawshay, with his massive capital, was able to keep his wages up...but, in May, he, too, pushed through a wage cut... Into this disturbed community came the propaganda of the reform struggle...Leaders began to emerge from the crowds, men like Thomas Llwelyn...and Lewis Lewis, known as Lewsyn yr Heliwr... At a great meeting on the Waun (30 May),...demands for Reform were directly linked to local grievances, in particular, the debtors' court. Crowds scoured the town, seizing goods which had been confiscated from the destitute and restoring them to their original owners... ...read more.


"The mob made a rush on us and I was wounded...I did not see them laying hands on anyone...Only saw Richard Lewis taking of his hat and cheering but not laying his hands on anyone in the crowd..." Although the evidence comes from the man who was injured this evidence doesn't really prove anything against the defendant. Donald Black says a mob made a rush on him, this means that anyone of those persons present in the mob could have committed the crime, but from the evidence presented by the other witnesses I think there is enough evidence to convict Richard Lewis for the crime which he has been charged, attempted murder. Abbot and Drew give direct evidence as to the guilt of Penderyn whilst Darker and Black place him at the scene. I will now look at the evidence presented to the court by the defence. The first witness called by the defence was Thomas Cottrell, a waiter at the Castle Inn. "I was looking out of an upper window of the Castle Inn when I saw a man, clothed in a coat of a sort of drabbed colour, stab one of the soldiers who I know as Donald Black. I am sure that the colour was not blue or black, so that if Richard Lewis was wearing a blue jacket, it could not have been he who stabbed the soldier." ...read more.


The information about the fight was not told at the hearing but was collected by the Neath Ironmaster, Joseph T Rice, in support of a massive petition for clemency. I think if it had been then James Abbott should not have given evidence against Dic Penderyn. Evan Davies also said "Dic was to die as an example to any would-be-rioters." Even if Dic Penderyn was innocent I think they would have found him guilty to show the public that if there were any more riots they would all be sentenced to death. The evidence collected by J. T. Rice indicates that Abbot and Drew conspired together to get Dic Penderyn convicted. In conclusion I think that there wasn't enough strong, substantial evidence to convict Dic Penderyn of the charge of attempted murder that was brought against him. People of all classes at that time, believed that Dic Penderyn was innocent, even William Crawshay, the ironmaster, who paid for Dic Penderyn's lawyers. People look upon Dic Penderyn's death today as injustice. Later in 1994 The Western Mail printed a confession by Ieuan Parker saying "It was I who wounded the soldier that Dic Penderyn was hanged for" Dic Penderyn will be honoured for his part in the Merthyr Rising and is probably one of Wales's most famous martyrs. I think that there was not enough evidence to convict Dic Penderyn of attempted murder and I think the case should have been acquitted. 09/05/2007 1 Stephen Chaffey 10DC/10E ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Was Kenilworth a typical medieval castle?

    The second level oozed extravagance, it comprised of two grandly decorated fireplaces, large, expensive, stained glass windows along with window seats which we can surmise from the holes in the walls came complete with shutters. As well as all of that the room hosted a processional arch and every wall was smothered in expensive tapestries.

  2. Changes in Crime and Punishment.

    only gain the support of the clergy and gentry to persuade the Parliament to pass the act, but he also had to employ some workers and an architect to help design the new prisons. (e) (i) Elizabeth Fry was an English prison reformer.

  1. Nell Gwyn (Playhouse Cretaures) essay

    Old Madam Gwyn was by most accounts an obese brandy-swigging alcoholic whose business was running a bawdy house (a brothel). There, or in the bawdy house of one Madam Ross, Nell would spend at least some time. It is possible she worked herself as a child prostitute; Peter Thomson, in the Oxford Illustrated History of Theatre, says it is "probable".

  2. Warner Bros.' GoodFellas (1990) is director Martin Scorsese's stylistic masterpiece - a follow-up film ...

    It rests in a section of land sold to construct condominiums - the trio must return one night to the Connecticut woodlands and in the blood-red light of the car's headlights, they dig up the foul-smelling body. During the grisly unearthing of Batts' body, Tommy and Jimmy mercilessly tease Henry

  1. History Of Framlingham Castle

    They then get the Framlingham estate. During there time at the Castle they use it as luxury place to live. They build 13 Tudor style chimneys all along the walls of the castle and only two of these actually work.

  2. The Sky is Gray and Mr. Parker

    Murchison" (Colwin 70). A similarity between these two characters is that they both think that many adults view young teenagers as adolescents who do not know anything about the world. When James and his mother are waiting for the dentist to call his name, they meet an elderly woman who

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work