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Dominic Amos 10EP Why Was Helmsley Castle Built At Its Site

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Introduction

Dominic Amos 10EP Why Was Helmsley Castle Built At Its Site The reasons for Helmsley Castle being built at its location were: national, because of the Norman's; regional because of the Saxon rebellions; and local, to defend the North from the Scots. In 1066 William the Conqueror arrived in England. He fought in the battle of Hastings, against the then king Harold. However when William I defeated Harold, he decided he should be king. When the Saxons found out about William the Conqueror being King of England the Saxon population rebelled. The Saxons didn't like the thought of having a foreign King, as they wouldn't understand the English way of life. Norman's weren't in a very strong position after the battle of Hastings. They didn't take over London as soon after they arrived in England, they had problems over his 5000-6000 men and not only that but they were against 2million hostile Saxons. ...read more.

Middle

He the built Clifford's Tower and Baile Castle. Then the Vikings arrived, but William went north and defeated them. After this William flattened the North so people would find it less attractive, and William I thought this would mean fewer invasions however 20 years later the North was still suffering. There were two more major rebellions in 1070-Hereward the Wake in the Fens- and in 1075 the, Rebellion in the North. Danes arrived to loot and didn't plan to do any serious fighting. William however captured leaders and executed Danish Waltheof. Later there was news heard that another Danish invasion was planned. William I built castles at their particular site to enable him to keep control of England. William built 75 castles towards the start of his reign; he also enforced law and order and made people pay taxes this was so that William I and his barons had safety. ...read more.

Conclusion

The South Gate faced the River Rye allowing guards to see any attackers, and the East Tower overlooked and shadowed down onto Helmsley village giving the village protection. In 1138 Helmsley Castles position was proved to be vital. In England there was civil war and Queen Matilda (the daughter of Henry I) and King Stephen -who were cousins- were leading the and the two groups of people to war. England was weak as fighting was happening in the south so this left the north in danger and unprotected. King David invaded Northallerton. The Archbishop Thurstan of York and the Lord of Helmsley -Walter Espec- came together to fight King David in the 'Battle of the Standard'. In the battle that took place in and around Helmsley took C. 12, 000 Scots lives. This victory was called a great victory for the North. However if this battle was not fought Helmsley Castle wouldn't have had such a good chance ever again to prove how necessary its positioning was. ...read more.

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