• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Economic and social issues were the main cause of Tudor Rebellion in Tudor England. Discuss

Extracts from this document...


Stephanie BuenafeEconomic/Social issues ? CausesCHE Economic and social issues were the main cause of Tudor Rebellion in Tudor England. Tudor England encountered problems with their economy and society. The society suffered from economic issues such as enclosure and bad harvest but also, they encountered problems with the nobility and the government. These issues concerned the majority of the people that started off rebellions. However, there were evidently rebellions that did not emphasise the problems of economic and social issues and saw these problems as one of the reasons for the rebellion. This clearly shows that economic and social issues were not the main cause of rebellions. Therefore, it will be argued that economic and social issues were a contributory cause and that faction is the main cause of Tudor Rebellion in Tudor England. Henry VII faced two main tax rebellions under his reign ? Yorkshire Rebellion (1489) and Cornish Rebellion (1497) while Henry VIII encountered the Amicable Grant (1525). The people in Yorkshire rebelled against the increased in tax in order to financially support the war against France. The people rejected this and rebelled due to the reason that they were supposed to finance a war in the south whereby they were geographically removed. They also saw themselves as a separate country because they had their own Parliament ? The Stannery. In addition, counties of Northumberland, Westmoreland and Cumberland had been exempt on the grounds of poverty. ...read more.


Elizabeth saw no threat with problems with enclosure because Oxfordshire was not able to attract support. The problems with enclosure were not seen as a big problem as it was under Edward because of Edward was a minority and was not able to control the problems presented to him. Some rebellions emphasised that the economic issue and resentment to the gentry were the main cause for the rebellion however, economic and social issues were mostly seen to gather popular support as this issue affected everyone nationally because of the economic problems Tudor England had. Clearly only a number of people were not motivated by economic and social issues. Some rebellions may have used economic and gentry resentment as a subsidiary cause however they may had been driven by other causes, and one of these was faction. For instance, Warbeck (1491-7) and Simnel (1486-7), Essex (1601), Northern Earls (1569), Wyatt (1554) and the Devise for succession (1553) main cause for rebellion was faction. Warbeck and Simnel were pretenders who challenged the throne to overthrow Henry VII. They were supported by leading Yorkists such as John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln and Sir Edward Brampton, a Yorkist sympathiser. Both pretenders not only attracted support nationally but were able to receive foreign support from Scotland and Burgundy through Margaret of Burgundy. On the other hand, Mary was able to encounter problems with faction. ...read more.


Similar to Northern Earls, Kett rebelled against the lack of quality of preachers and residential incumbents in their diocese. Wyatt, on the other hand, downplayed religion and highlighted faction but motivated by religious grievances against Mary. 8 out of 14 leaders in Wyatt?s rebellion were protestant and supported for the rising in Maidstone where Mary?s martyrs came from. Therefore, religion was an important source of discontent after Henry VIII?s reign up to Elizabeth?s reign. Henry VII did not encounter such problems as he focused on the improvement and the stability of the crown and the economy of England. In conclusion, economic and social issues were simply a subsidiary cause for a more important cause of rebellions in Tudor England. It can be seen that throughout the period, problems with religion were stated. Many rebellions used religion as a propaganda tool for a bigger cause of rebellion. However, notable for the peasantry, the issue of religion was an important cause of rebellion in the middle of the period. In times of economic disasters such as enclosure and taxation showed that poverty is enough to start a rebellion. Then again, this was not clearly the most important cause of rebellion throughout the period as some rebellions occurred when Tudor England?s economy was stable, for instance, Wyatt and Northern Earls. As a final point, faction were the most consistent cause of rebellion and this was also seen as the most important as people with financial and political resources were capable of launching a threatening rebellion. It is also seen throughout the whole period which suggests its importance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the role of the nobility in providing political stability in Tudor England

    5 star(s)

    In the second half of the 15th century, nobles had often held the position of Sheriff but as time went on, the sheriff's responsibilities were assigned to JPs (most of who were members of the gentry). Nevertheless, the nobility was still thought of as the second highest in the administrative

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the reasons for the decline in frequency of Tudor rebellions

    3 star(s)

    Unemployment was a prominent cause of rebellion; the poor were much more likely to rebel than the nobles and the gentry because they were getting a really bad deal. Mary and Elizabeth realised this and therefore the poor and unemployed were helped rather than punished.

  1. To what extent was the Western Rebellion of 1549 caused by religious grievances? The ...

    One set of commissioners was headed by John Hales ,who saw enclosure as a problem caused by landlords, although his attempts to control sheep-farming by legislation were not really successful , he manage to raise revenue and encourage arable farming by the

  2. Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England

    What did people believe? Now is you ask someone what they think about witches they'd probably say something like "theirs no such thing" or "there are people that think its fun to muck around with magic but nothing actually happens, its just a image they like to support".

  1. To what extent did Tudor rebellions have similar causes

    This occurred with the political coup of Lady Jane Grey in 1553 and Wyatt's rebellion in 1554 because of Henry VIII's reinstatement of both Mary and Elizabeth who had both been previously removed from succession. The treason acts help to reduce rebellion as it became easier to convict people of

  2. How useful is a visit to the Tudor parts of Hampton Court to find ...

    decorated, much the same as the rest of the palace would have been. Some other rooms that have either been removed or significantly changed are the Royal Chapel and the Holy Day Closets. The Chapel Royal was first built by Wolesy, but Henry added a new decorated ceiling.

  1. Henry II (1154 - 1189) is generally seen as the main catalyst in the ...

    BBC-History -Monarchs and Leaders The Character and Legacy of Henry II by Dr Mike Ibeji, Pages 1-2 http://www.bbc.co.uk/cgibin/history/renderplain.pl?file=history/state/monarchs_lead... (Visited 16/12/2002) 2. Dr. Mike Ibeji BBC History-Monarchs and Leaders The Character and Legacy of Henry II , Pages 1-2 http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/state/monarchs_leaders/henry11_ibeji01.shtml (Visited 17/12/2002)

  2. How far was religion a motivating factor for rebels in Tudor England?

    therefore this made people uncertain for their futures. Also there was the changes to tradition that Henry VIII applied such as making himself the head of church in place of the pope and authorising his divorce. D.G. Newcombe states in "Henry VIII and the English reformation" (1995) that "religious issues dominated the minds of those who rose", this

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work