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Effects of WWI

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Effects of WWI After World War I and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was militarily limited and economically devastated. German currency suffered hyper-inflation and was basically worthless by 1929. In 1930, Adolf Hitler, with the support of the National Socialist Party, was elected Chancellor of Germany. Using the frustration of his people, Hitler united Germans with his plan to restore Germany and its once great empire. By 1939, Hitler had rebuilt and mobilized the army of his Third Reich and plunged the world into war. Hitler had aspirations to rule the world. He recognized, however, that he was not prepared to take on such a large operation alone. During Hitler's rise to power, there was a similar fascist movement taking place in Italy. Benito Mussolini led the fascist, Black Shirt party to power in the 1930's. ...read more.


Just two days after this pact was signed, Poland, fearing the inevitable invasion, signed a Mutual Assistance Treaty with Britain. This was a key step in bringing about a world war. Britain had many allies who, through the treaties they had signed, would be forced to commit troops if war broke out. As the war raged in Europe, the United States remained neutral. It did, however, recognize that the spread of fascism threatened the survival of democracy and peace. To help combat the Axis powers, the U.S. implemented trade policies with the Allies. Congress agreed to sacrifice some benefits of being a neutral country in order to sell or lend war material to Britain. On December 7th, 1941, however, the U.S. could avoid war no longer. The Empire of Japan bombed the Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor. ...read more.


In fact, German soldiers wreak havoc in Russia until the winter of 1943, when the Red Army ends the siege at Stalingrad. This was the first major defeat of German forces in Europe. Furthermore, it was accomplished without the aid of the West. During the brutal sieges, Stalin pleaded with the Allies to open a second front that would serve as a large enough distraction to ease Russian suffering. This magnitude of a western front was not opened until the summer of 1944, with the launch of Operation Overlord. It is this delay that makes Stalin even more wary of his democratic allies. With the Nazi invasion of Poland in September of 1939, an international chain reaction followed that plunged most of Europe into war. Imperialist ambitions an unexpected attacks brought many countries together; for no other reason than defeating a common enemy. The reluctance of the U.S. to aid a suffering Russia in 1941 strained the alliance and had profound effects on West-East, Communist-Democratic, U.S.-Soviet relations after World War II. ...read more.

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