• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Effects of WWI

Extracts from this document...


Effects of WWI After World War I and the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was militarily limited and economically devastated. German currency suffered hyper-inflation and was basically worthless by 1929. In 1930, Adolf Hitler, with the support of the National Socialist Party, was elected Chancellor of Germany. Using the frustration of his people, Hitler united Germans with his plan to restore Germany and its once great empire. By 1939, Hitler had rebuilt and mobilized the army of his Third Reich and plunged the world into war. Hitler had aspirations to rule the world. He recognized, however, that he was not prepared to take on such a large operation alone. During Hitler's rise to power, there was a similar fascist movement taking place in Italy. Benito Mussolini led the fascist, Black Shirt party to power in the 1930's. ...read more.


Just two days after this pact was signed, Poland, fearing the inevitable invasion, signed a Mutual Assistance Treaty with Britain. This was a key step in bringing about a world war. Britain had many allies who, through the treaties they had signed, would be forced to commit troops if war broke out. As the war raged in Europe, the United States remained neutral. It did, however, recognize that the spread of fascism threatened the survival of democracy and peace. To help combat the Axis powers, the U.S. implemented trade policies with the Allies. Congress agreed to sacrifice some benefits of being a neutral country in order to sell or lend war material to Britain. On December 7th, 1941, however, the U.S. could avoid war no longer. The Empire of Japan bombed the Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor. ...read more.


In fact, German soldiers wreak havoc in Russia until the winter of 1943, when the Red Army ends the siege at Stalingrad. This was the first major defeat of German forces in Europe. Furthermore, it was accomplished without the aid of the West. During the brutal sieges, Stalin pleaded with the Allies to open a second front that would serve as a large enough distraction to ease Russian suffering. This magnitude of a western front was not opened until the summer of 1944, with the launch of Operation Overlord. It is this delay that makes Stalin even more wary of his democratic allies. With the Nazi invasion of Poland in September of 1939, an international chain reaction followed that plunged most of Europe into war. Imperialist ambitions an unexpected attacks brought many countries together; for no other reason than defeating a common enemy. The reluctance of the U.S. to aid a suffering Russia in 1941 strained the alliance and had profound effects on West-East, Communist-Democratic, U.S.-Soviet relations after World War II. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays


    Q.1 Study SOURCE A. Explain why there was an uprising in Hungary in 1956? Give three reasons. SOURCE B is part of a radio broadcast by the Hungarian Prime Minister Imre Nagy. SOURCE B This is Imre Nagy speaking. This morning Soviet forces started an attack on our capital city

  2. American Imperialist Ambition

    through Asia and Europe assuring such countries security, protection and a close relationship with the world's military power. One of the United Sates goals is to extend its respect of equals through the world to avoid further conflicts or international wars, recalling the importance of maintaining the domestic affairs in each country.

  1. The Sieges of Ladysmith, Mafeking, and Kimberley

    An unexpected side effect of the mission was that Mafeking and her commander, Baden-Powell, became important to the British as the British Public's ideal of the Empire. They became symbols of the "white man's war" or "gentleman's war". Baden-Powell's resourcefulness and "stiff upper lip attitude"4, e.g.

  2. Causes of WWI.

    The telegram has become known to history as the "Blank Check". In order to balance the power, France and Russia signed an alliance. Russia saw itself as the 'protector of Slavs' in the war, and immediately mobilized. When the war began, the German decision that if they were going to

  1. History of the United States

    But with the westward thrust of the American nation, all attempts at compromise were thwarted, and diverging economic, political, and philosophical interests became more apparent. The resulting civil war transformed the American nation. Political Fragmentation In 1854 the KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT threw open the huge unorganized lands of the Louisiana Purchase to popular sovereignty, repealing the Missouri Compromise line of 1820.

  2. The Great Terror in Leningrad: a Quantitative Analysis.

    Oleg Khlevnyuk, in particular, has outlined the different stages of the terror in terms of the targets of the purges, and has offered a more refined periodisation of the actual beginnings of mass repression. He has pointed out that 'up until the middle of 1937, the main blow of repression

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work