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English Civil War

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What Were the Causes of the Civil War? In 1642, Civil War broke out in England, Parliament against the King. Civil War is said to be the worst kind of war because it is when a country fights against itself and unfortunately, this was the case in England. Many family's were torn apart and many people were killed but how had this happened? How had a great country gone so low that they would have to fight themselves? How had England gone into Civil War? This is what we are going to find out. There were many reasons for this, including religious arguments, financial arguments, the actions of Charles himself, all the causes were linked together, (Parliamentarian and Royalist) some of the events of 1642 and the demands made by parliaments for more power and also I am going to explain the long - term causes and the short - term causes also know as the triggers. King Charles got off to a bad start. England was a protestant country and so, you would expect him to marry a protestant, but he did not. Charles married Henrietta Maria, a French Catholic, in 1625. This was bad because the Protestants started to think that Charles was a Catholic and that his wife would influence him on to making the country Catholic. ...read more.


The final stage towards Civil War was when the Long Parliament demanded reforms. Most of the parliament was now against Charles and he now appeared to be at their mercy. Here is a list showing the list of demands parliament set in November 1640: * Charles' evil ministers must be punished. * Ministers should be appointed who will advice Charles to follow sensible polices. Some of these ministers should come from parliament. * The King must get rid of courts such as the court of the Star Chamber which allow him to lock up his opponents. * Regular meetings of Parliament must be held. * There can be no taxes without Parliament's agreement. * Reverse Laud's reforms of the Church of England. Here is a list of concessions by Charles in summer 1641 * Triennial Act has been passed - Parliament must meet at least every three years. * The Long Parliament cannot be dissolved by Charles without its agreement. * Strafford has been tried for treason and executed. * Other ministers (including Laud) are in prison. * The Tunnage and Poundage Act means Charles can collect custom duties for only two months more. * The Courts of the Star Chamber and the High Commission have been abolished. * Ship Money has been made illegal. * Some of Charles' critics within Parliament have been appointed as Charles' advisers. ...read more.


The Parliament wanted to control the army but Charles refused. He was also scared that they might use this army against him. In March, Parliament took charge of the army without Charles' permission. The final trigger to set off the Civil War was when the Commons went to far. The Parliament passed a set of demands called the Nineteen Prepositions on June 1 1642. Here are some of the Nineteen Prepositions: * All affairs of state, including foreign policy, religion and finance, must be agreed with Parliment.All ministers must be approved of by Parliament. * Parliament must control the education of the King's children. His children cannot marry without Parliament's approval. * Laws against Catholics must be enforced. * The Church must be reformed as Parliament wants. * Parliament is to control the army. This was the trigger that divided the King's supporters from his opponents. All of Charles' supporters and himself thought that the Nineteen Prepositions were the last straw. Charles claimed that the Nineteen Prepositions would make him a mere phantom of a King and so his supporters left London. Charles and the Parliament both ordered each county to organise an army in June. People around the country were now being forced to make a decision they didn't want to make. They had to decide between their King and their Parliament. Each side had collected an army by August. Charles raised his standard at Nottingham on August 22 1642.The civil war had begun! By: Mohamed Aidarous Class: 8O ...read more.

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