• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the view that ‘we manufacture heroes simply because they occupy great positions.’

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the view that 'we manufacture heroes simply because they occupy great positions.' PART 1: How far does the evidence show that Stalin was a genuine 'hero' up to the start of war in 1941? A 'hero' is a person who is admired or worshipped for their great abilities, especially someone who has performed an act of great courage and contribution during the time. Throughout the Stalinist years in the Soviet Union, there were remarkable evidence suggesting whether Josef Stalin1 had heroic status or not among the Russians. Owing to his charisma for his domination of power and contributions of policies like the Five-Year Plans and collectivization, Stalin could be regarded as a true hero. However, there were proofs, for instance, massive propaganda and 'the cult of personality' to show that he was not completely heroic, but partly manufactured. Yet, the liability of the evidence is to be doubted sometimes for its propaganda nature at that time, for example, the photograph at the Moscow Volga Canal that Yezhov was removed amongst Voroshilov, Molotov and Stalin2. Early in 1917 when Stalin was appointed as the People's Commissar for Nationalities and in 1922 that he became the General Secretary, he began to occupy great position in the Bolshevik Party. ...read more.

Middle

These showed Stalin's mistakes and his use of Dekulakisation squads13 and OGPU14 made it crystal clear that his talent was limited since he had to apply force to suppress possible enemies. Therefore, there was evidence about Stalin being manufactured as a hero figure. Furthermore, in order to hold on to his power, Stalin triggered the Great Purges15 and a series of show trials16 within the Party to bundle away any threats (all the Old Bolsheviks who were associated with Lenin) after the murder of Kirov17 in 1934. Undoubtedly, the massive murder provided a safe position for Stalin's dictatorship, but Stalin ignored its influences for the state and the upcoming war, for instance, in 'Yezhovschina'18, many members in the secret police and the red army were killed and weakened the armament of the state, so that there was insufficient soldiers to fight against the Nazi Germany in 1941. His ruthlessness was totally exposed to make him a hero, however, it can be argued that if Stalin were a real hero, he would use his own abilities rather than great terror to gain applause and eliminate enemies. Last but not least, during 1930s, Stalin's promotion of the 'cult of personality' brought about his popularity and worship from the majority. ...read more.

Conclusion

12 (million) 1930 1931 1932 1933 Sheep and goats 108.8 77.7 52.1 50.2 Grain harvest 83.5 69.5 69.6 68.4 Cattle 52.5 47.9 40.7 38.4 Pigs 13.6 14.4 11.6 12.1 Agricultural production during collectiveisation (taken from Soviet sources) 13 A group of loyal party members who were sent to countryside to force the peasants into collectives. 14 The secret police from 1922- 1934 (in 1934, it was replaced by NKVD) 15 A term describing the wave of terror which Stalin and his supporters used to remove enemies. 16 Public trials of prominent enemies of the state. 17 The Head of the Leningrad Communist Party, who challenged Stalin's status at the 1934 Party Congress. On 1 December 1934, he was shot by an agent. 18 The most violent stage of the purges from 1936 to 1938 by Yezhov, the Head of the NKVD at the time. 19 Stated on page 122 in 'Stalinist Russia' by Steve Phillips. 20 In 1935 the Education Law reasserted discipline in schools and government direction over the curriculum. The 'Short Course' became a standard text. 21 Newspaper like Pravda and Izvestiya were used for propaganda. Radio was censored. 22 Writers and artists were expected to work within limits laid down by the government. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. This essay will examine the rise of anti-Semitism from ancient times to the Holocaust ...

    Killing Battalions murdered right across the Eastern front, sometimes thousands were murdered at a time. For example, in Kiev, over two days in September 1942, 33,771 Jews were killed (class notes). Einsatzgruppen soldiers were not elite soldiers, but comprised mainly of ordinary men from the Order Police who had joined to avoid conscription into the army.

  2. The causes of the show trials and purges of the 1930’s

    and construct a new system that would enhance the Russian economy in a shortened period of time.14 Stalin expressed this idea in a speech in 1931 stating that, "We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this gap in ten years.

  1. Why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union: ...

    This was an extremely important step taken by Stalin, in order to preserve his leadership, however due to the huge cost of these actions, Stalin found the economy under a great deal of stress. It is my belief that Stalin used his economic policies for two main reasons.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    The Soviet concept of a purge, as stated in the book The Permanent Purge by Zbigniew Brezezinski, is "an instrument, employed in rational fashion by the Party, for the cleansing of its system of undesirable elements, and a method of democratic control over the totalitarian system."[19] However, the need for

  1. Soviet State

    Without the 'economic whip' of unemployment, the government had to find other ways of disciplining the workforce. With government support, managers fined workers, threatened to deprive them of living quarters, or took away their ration cards after the reintroduction of rationing in 1929.

  2. To what extent were the Stalinist purges simply a way of eliminating his rivals?

    This motto implied that the future for Russia was building up agriculture and industry in order to create peace and stability. Not only this but it contrasted sharply with Trotsky's "constant revolution", the theory of a incessantly changing society, moving by phases closer to perfect socialism.

  1. Explain Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    party's Central Committee, which gave him considerable access to and control over party membership. Lenin was shot in an assassination attempt in 1918 and the fact that two bullets remained lodged in him contributed to a severe stroke in 1922.

  2. Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the outbreak ...

    The responsibility of the League was to act as an arbitrator in disputes between nations and to provide effective collective security against any form of military aggression. There were mixed opinions towards the League. Alan Sharp had referred to the League of Nations as a "compromise agreement, which pleased none of the parties involved."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work