• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Christian beliefs about justice, forgiveness and reconciliation.

Extracts from this document...


Alex Yianni GCSE Religious Studies 2002 - 2003 Coursework Specification A, Paper 2A The effects of Christianity on Behaviour, Attitudes and Lifestyle (Conflict) Candidate number ...................... Centre name (Kings School Rochester) Centre number .......................... (1) Explain Christian beliefs about justice, forgiveness and reconciliation. Justice: Justice is Just Conduct, fairness, exercise of authority in maintenance of right. In the 13th century, 3 conditions were laid down on a just war by Thomas Aquinas, a Christian monk. His conditions were based on the ideas of augustine in the forth century. These three conditions were: 1) The war must be started and controlled by the authority of the state or ruler. 2) There must be a just cause, those attached must deserve it. 3) The war must be fought to promote good or avoid evil. Peace and justice must be restored afterwards. However, there were further conditions laid down by other Christians. Just war: War is never good, but in some cases it is better than refusing to go to war. The idea of just war comes from god and is a theory which Christians follow by, and is the Christian view of war. ...read more.


It can be a hard thing to do if you are a victim of an attack for example but it is the right way to set about and it is Jesus' teachings. Reconciliation: Reconciliation may be where two countries or two sides of whoever people have been at war. The group or person to reunite these two sides to be peaceful to one another may be Christian. A group called the UN (United Nations) help countries of whatever race or religion depending that the particular country are part of the UN. The UN helps countries come together, and help them when they are in a state of crisis, e.g. when they are starving or homeless they help out with food and shelter. The UN group has a Christian influence in it, which may help bring countries that were before in conflict, back together. Likewise Jesus taught his people a peaceful way for instance, Matthew 5 vv43 - 48 in which Jesus teaches his followers to love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you. He teaches his followers to be perfect as the father almighty is perfect. ...read more.


Due to this devastation the Japanese surrendered, ending the Second World War. This example of nuclear war would be unacceptable to the majority of Christians simply because of the Just War rules and many innocent civilians were killed unnecessarily and the worst part is that the problem of people still having deformed babies is horrendous and still happens to this day. However, another approach to this view is if there is a country threatening to use weapons of mass destruction which if used would completely destroy the west. Because of this threat the west had to frighten the Soviet Union who was threatening so they would not attack the west. This is also known as 'mutually assured destruction'. If one side improved its military capability, the other side felt it had to do so too. So this approach is rather different in that it wipes out a threat, which if was not dealt with could do a lot more damage to military and innocent civilians than when the threat is dealt with. In these different views we see that overall conventional war would be a lot better in that it concentrates and wipes out the threat and the threat only whereas with nuclear war it is very easy to lose many lives unnecessarily. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Russia: a Century of Upheaval.

    If the industry was back under Communist control he could focus on producing the weapons and armaments required by the Army. Furthermore, the NEP went against everything Stalin, as a communist, believed in. It allowed people to grow rich, promoting capitalism. Russia had to see an end to this madness.

  2. Pacifism and Christianity

    in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High; for He Himself is kind to ungrateful and evil men." This position seems extreme, especially to modern man. Seemingly, for any offense, the Christian is not to respond to even violent behavior directed at himself.

  1. "War in the Modern World includes terrorism and the threat of Nuclear War. How ...

    who speaks for the Royal Family, should be the ones who declare war". Therefore, a party such as the Green Party could not declare a war on America because they are docking ghost ships full of chemicals in a British harbour- only the government would be able to do so.

  2. Describe The Christian Teaching On War.

    Some Christians believe that it is therefore never right to retaliate or to use violence, even when other people are aggressive. These people are called pacifists. Quakers, known as a religious society of friends believe that war can never be justified.

  1. In this task I am going to explain the Biblical and Church teachings, which ...

    fighting to re-establish peace is a good thing in the view of the Bible. " If someone has done you wrong, do not repay him with a wrong. Try to do what everyone considers to be good. Do everything possible on your part to live in peace with everybody," (Romans 12:17-19).

  2. How might a Christian apply their beliefs in situation of conflict today?

    The principle being that although good does not come from evil, destroying evil allows us to repair the damage and do well. For example, the catastrophic bombs were dropped on Japan and killed thousands, the disaster will never be forgotten but we see that Japan is now one of the most powerful countries in the world and there is peace.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    imprisoned, on the true or false pretext of having posed a threat to the Palestinian revolution. Such actions were, at first, forgiven, but became increasingly difficult to tolerate. Outsiders making the law in Lebanon, armed demonstrations and ceremonies, military funerals for martyrs of the revolution, it all mounted up and

  2. We live in a world of armed conflict. Explain what differing Christian attitudes to ...

    This means that the war must be for a just cause, not for greed, revenge or power. Our motivation at all times must be love. Those with responsibility for the public and authority must also declare the war. The war cannot be declared by private groups or individuals and the proper authorities must affirm it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work