• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how and why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got more serious between 1960 and 1964

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain how and why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got more serious between 1960 and 1964 'Cold War' was a phrase first used in 1947 by the American statesman Bernard M Baruck. The phrase 'Cold War' is described as a state of political tension and military rivalry between two nations. The situation between the USA and the USSR was known as the Cold War. The Cold War got more serious between 1960 and 1964 due to a number of different points. In Europe, one of the main flash points was the Berlin wall. Along with the rest of Germany, at the end of the Second World War Berlin was divided into for sections. Soviet forces controlled the East and the British, American and French forces controlled the West. The soviet troops did not like this because it meant that Western allies were in their part of Germany. Stalin, the Russian leader, tried to force them to leave by a blockade, but it failed. The Western allies merged their parts of Germany and allowed them to become an independent country. Five months later Stalin followed suit with Eastern Germany. ...read more.

Middle

At the end of the 1950's, American intelligence estimated that in a Russian missile attack, twenty million Americans would die and twenty two million would be injured. During the 1960's, the Russians put their money into producing more missiles and did not care about the quality while America built fewer missiles but they were of a higher quality. The theory of MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) was also developed. This is where if Russia attacked the west, the west would make sure that they would destroy Russia. This meant that there would be no winners. By 1961, there were enough bombs to destroy the world. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s there was a real fear of an all out nuclear war between the USA and the USSR, which would devastate those countries and most of the rest of the world with it. Spying became an increasingly important activity for both the USA and the USSR. Europe was one of the key centres of spying activity. The USA and the USSR both had their own secret service, which stole military and technological secrets. The KGB was the Russian secret service and the CIA was the American secret service. ...read more.

Conclusion

He felt that Vietnam would be the next country to become communist. This is why the USA had got involved with the Vietnam War. The spread of communism was known as the "Domino Theory" and the USA did not want to see Vietnam "knocked over". If this happened it could lead to other countries also being "knocked over" The USA got involved even more with Vietnam with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. This allowed President Johnson to use the American forces to defend any SEATO country. The President felt that this allowed him to fight a full-scale war in Vietnam so this is what he did. The USA bombed Vietnamese naval bases and oil refineries. From the middle of the 1960's American troops started to arrive in Vietnam. It may be said, due to these reasons, therefore that indeed the cold war became more dangerous from 1960 onwards. Both the USA and USSR could not get on. The USSR was communist and the USA was Capitalist. The USA hated communism and vice versa. They each wanted their own system to be more powerful and more popular than the other. They were prepared to go to extreme measures to get what they wanted, such as using nuclear weapons against each other. The World was very close to nuclear war during the 1960's, which made it a very dangerous period. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * The Italian Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando arrived at Versailles expecting the Allies to honour the promises that they had made in the Treaty of London. Anything else would not go down well in Italy, where unemployment was growing and the costs of the war were mounting.

  2. Why did a Cold War develop in Europe after 1945?

    Novikov later points out that, 'the Soviet Union continues to remain economically independent of the outside world and is rebuilding its national economy with its own forces'.8 Despite the destruction and huge losses Russia experienced during the war, the country was recovering without assistance from the main economic lenders.

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    A cease-fire agreement was signed in Geneva in July 1954. However, neither the United States nor South Vietnam signed the agreement, and South Vietnam refused to hold the elections. In September 1954, the United States and seven other nations signed the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty.

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Potentially at least, Roosevelt seemed intent on fudging the difference between self-interest and moralism. He perceived one set of objectives as consistent with reaching an accommodation with the Soviets, and another set of goals as consistent with retaining popular support for his diplomacy at home.

  1. What were the main issues relating to Germany that caused Cold War tension?

    to which the Soviet Foreign Minister insisted that Russia would continue to extract reparations from the East while not providing food shipments to the West. All these incidents, reactions and re-reactions to the Russian need to see Germany economically crippled worsened relations between the Soviet Union and United States, causing mutual distrust between the wartime Allies.

  2. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s?

    This was one of the reasons Nixon was elected as president in 1968. He promised to 'de-Americanize' the war in his campaign and that was one of the things that made people vote for him. They wanted an end to the war and he was going to give it to them.

  1. "The Cold War in Europe brought the big powers into fighting wars outside Europe ...

    Remaining non-Communist European states did not have powerful Communist parties, due to o Lack of support from Moscow, or orders not to act aggressively o Economic reconstruction under Marshall Plan, leading to... o Lack of local support for Communist parties * With the Berlin Blockade both sides showed a reluctance

  2. How and why did the Cold War Develop In Europe between 1945-1949?

    Russia still had a huge army and would be able to develop weapons. Both of these countries were developing nuclear and atomic weapons and due to all the factors, they both were superpowers. This made the Cold War so much more dangerous because as superpowers, they both had nuclear capabilities and had massive natural resources plus huge armies as well.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work