• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how and why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got more serious between 1960 and 1964

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain how and why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got more serious between 1960 and 1964 'Cold War' was a phrase first used in 1947 by the American statesman Bernard M Baruck. The phrase 'Cold War' is described as a state of political tension and military rivalry between two nations. The situation between the USA and the USSR was known as the Cold War. The Cold War got more serious between 1960 and 1964 due to a number of different points. In Europe, one of the main flash points was the Berlin wall. Along with the rest of Germany, at the end of the Second World War Berlin was divided into for sections. Soviet forces controlled the East and the British, American and French forces controlled the West. The soviet troops did not like this because it meant that Western allies were in their part of Germany. Stalin, the Russian leader, tried to force them to leave by a blockade, but it failed. The Western allies merged their parts of Germany and allowed them to become an independent country. Five months later Stalin followed suit with Eastern Germany. ...read more.

Middle

At the end of the 1950's, American intelligence estimated that in a Russian missile attack, twenty million Americans would die and twenty two million would be injured. During the 1960's, the Russians put their money into producing more missiles and did not care about the quality while America built fewer missiles but they were of a higher quality. The theory of MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) was also developed. This is where if Russia attacked the west, the west would make sure that they would destroy Russia. This meant that there would be no winners. By 1961, there were enough bombs to destroy the world. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s there was a real fear of an all out nuclear war between the USA and the USSR, which would devastate those countries and most of the rest of the world with it. Spying became an increasingly important activity for both the USA and the USSR. Europe was one of the key centres of spying activity. The USA and the USSR both had their own secret service, which stole military and technological secrets. The KGB was the Russian secret service and the CIA was the American secret service. ...read more.

Conclusion

He felt that Vietnam would be the next country to become communist. This is why the USA had got involved with the Vietnam War. The spread of communism was known as the "Domino Theory" and the USA did not want to see Vietnam "knocked over". If this happened it could lead to other countries also being "knocked over" The USA got involved even more with Vietnam with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. This allowed President Johnson to use the American forces to defend any SEATO country. The President felt that this allowed him to fight a full-scale war in Vietnam so this is what he did. The USA bombed Vietnamese naval bases and oil refineries. From the middle of the 1960's American troops started to arrive in Vietnam. It may be said, due to these reasons, therefore that indeed the cold war became more dangerous from 1960 onwards. Both the USA and USSR could not get on. The USSR was communist and the USA was Capitalist. The USA hated communism and vice versa. They each wanted their own system to be more powerful and more popular than the other. They were prepared to go to extreme measures to get what they wanted, such as using nuclear weapons against each other. The World was very close to nuclear war during the 1960's, which made it a very dangerous period. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * In addition, Clemenceau wanted guarantees that this could never happen again. He demanded that the Rhineland should be handed over to France to prevent an attack from there in the future.

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    In September 1954, the Chinese Communists staged air and artillery attacks against the islands of Quemoy and Matsu. These islands, in the Formosa Strait (now called the Taiwan Strait), were held by the Nationalist Chinese. In 1955, Congress voted to let President Eisenhower use armed force if necessary to protect the Chinese Nationalists.

  1. Why did a Cold War develop in Europe after 1945?

    Novikov later points out that, 'the Soviet Union continues to remain economically independent of the outside world and is rebuilding its national economy with its own forces'.8 Despite the destruction and huge losses Russia experienced during the war, the country was recovering without assistance from the main economic lenders.

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    made immediately available to the Soviet Union, instructing his personal aide to get $22 million worth of supplies on their way by July 25-one month after the German invasion. Roosevelt knew that, unless the Soviets were helped quickly, they would be forced out of the war, leaving the United States in an untenable position.

  1. What were the main issues relating to Germany that caused Cold War tension?

    take as much reparations as they wanted to and crippled the German economy. The Western powers began to have most of the burden of propping up the German economy, which had not been able to recover as effectively as other West European countries due to the post-war policies of deindustrialisation and reparations.

  2. How and why did the Cold War in Europe and Asia become more serious ...

    Source A3 shows the flight path of just one of the US spy planes piloted by Francis Gary Powers. Powers' plane was shot down by Russia and Powers was broadcast on Russian television and published in Russian newspapers in an attempt to humiliate the USA and show the world what America were doing.

  1. "The Cold War in Europe brought the big powers into fighting wars outside Europe ...

    Remaining non-Communist European states did not have powerful Communist parties, due to o Lack of support from Moscow, or orders not to act aggressively o Economic reconstruction under Marshall Plan, leading to... o Lack of local support for Communist parties * With the Berlin Blockade both sides showed a reluctance

  2. Explain how and why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got more serious ...

    For example in 1955 the soviet air force put on an air show to display their new B-4 Bomber, capable of carrying nuclear weapons to the USA. As only 10 Bombers had been built, and as the soviets wanted to impress all their foreign observers, the pilots were told to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work