• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how the Weimar Governments dealt with problems and threats between 1919 and 1943.

Extracts from this document...


Germany 1918-1941 Weimar Government --Threats & Problems Q: Explain how the Weimar Governments dealt with problems and threats between 1919 and 1943. The Weimar Governments were faced with a number of problems and threats between 1919 and 1943, and dealt with them each with varying degrees of success: The first major threat to Weimar was a Communist uprising in January 1919, which became known as the Spartacist or January Uprising. The major force in this uprising was a group of left-wing communists calling themselves The Spartacists (so called after the Roman rebel Spartacus, though they were later renamed the German Communist Party), whose intentions were to destroy the Weimar government in favour of the creation of a Communist rule that would give increased power to the middle-class over the upper-class. The uprising (particularly the violent aspects of it), sparked initially by the reactions of workers to the discharge of the Berlin Police Chief Emil Eichorn, was orchestrated by the leaders of the Spartacists, Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht. However within weeks, the rebellion, already weakened due to internal disagreements within the parties, was crushed by a strongly anti-communist force of 4000 ex-soldiers called the Free Corps who were working on the behalf of President Ebert. ...read more.


of whether German troops should be allowed into the Ruhr (this disobedience caused much commotion among Britain, France and Germany, leading to even more tension between the countries). The final uprising is the 'Munich Beer Hall Putsch', which took place in November 1923, led mainly by Adolf Hitler, who was at this point leader of the Kampfbund, giving him access to 15,000 brawlers and making him a well-known political leader in the south-east German state of Bavaria. However, the Bavarian leader Ritter von Kahr strongly opposed Hitler and one of his first actions as leader was to ban Hitler's proposed 14 mass meetings in late September. Hitler and Ludendorff appealed to Kahr to support them in the overthrowing of government (to prevent the threat they felt of their followers turning to Communism), but Kahr had already made plans to install a national dictatorship without Hitler, and so refused. This did not go down well with the Nazi leader. On the 8th of November 1923 Hitler, inspired by Mussolini's march on Rome, and 600 supporters burst into Kahr's meeting where he was delivering a speech to 300 people and fired a shot into the air, yelling that the "Nationalist revolution has broken out!". As his supporters stationed machine guns at the doors to prevent the audience from leaving, Hitler forced Kahr into a side room where, at gunpoint, he demanded Kahr's support but was refused. ...read more.


Government and parliament of Bavaria then fled the city. May 1920: Hans Paasche, a pacifist who assaulted modern German living and the military in his writings, was assassinated by decree of a far-right 'death squad' in a supposed raid for weapons, which were never found. Rosa Luxemburg supported him and his views. 24th of June 1922: Walther Rathenau, Germany's foreign minister and a Jewish industrialist, was assassinated 2 months after signing the Treaty of Versailles. Despite being a German nationalist he was hated by the far-right and this, along with his support of the Treaty of Versailles, led to his assassination in a plot arranged by two ultra-nationalist army officers. Rathenau's death was most definitely an early sign of the disorder and violence which would eventually contribute to the collapse of the Weimar Republic. Overall, the Weimar governments did not possess a reliable, nor an extremely logical or effective, way to suppress uprisings by itself. From 1919 to 1923, Weimar survived through the basic use of the motto 'My enemy's enemy is my friend', such as when using the workers against the Free Corps when the Free Corps had helped the government fight against workers just months before. It was not a productive way to run government, and their behaviour was merely postponing the inevitable: the collapse of the Weimar Governments. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Weimar Threats

    Ebert had secured the support of the army and the Freikorps through a secret agreement with General Groener, known as the Ebert-Groener pact, which was covert. Although, in return Ebert had to fuel the Dolchstoss myth by absolving the army of any blame for the war defeat, despite the easy

  2. The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919 ...

    Due to this members of society whose wages did not increase with inflation, those on fixed incomes suffered. This would have led to discontent amongst the people which would have made political activism a far more enticing prospect, especially if it was against the Weimar Republic whose decisions had let to the economic situation.

  1. Assess the reasons why the Weimar Republic faced so many problems in the 1920s

    The constitution may have also been the cause of the problem for other reasons: the constitution was democracy, so it was the constitution that caused the lack of support for the government as it was so democratic. Some believed the system was far too democratic for what had previously been an authoritarian regime; this lead people to distrust it.

  2. Left wing threats to Weimar Germany

    The use of a right-wing group undermined confidence in Ebert's government. Moreover, the actions of Ebert and the socialists would have long-term implications, as the communists would never forgive them for murdering their leaders. As in 1932 together the communists and the socialists could have kept the Nazis our.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Meanwhile, a flood of newspaper and magazine articles, records, and films began to appear on Nazi Germany, which further stimulated public discussion. In 1960 Adolf Eichmann was tried in Jerusalem; from December 1963 to August 1965 Germans followed the Auschwitz proceedings of twenty major offenders who were tried for war crimes at Frankfurt.

  2. How and why did the Weimar Governments collapse between October 1929 and January 1933?

    These years were referred to as the 'Golden Years' of the Weimar Republic, during which the problems of the past decade were righted. This posed a large problem for all radical parties, including the NSDAP - they fought for revolution and drew in the support of those to whom revolution seemed the only way out of their dire situation.

  1. 1798 Irish Rebellion notes

    a traditionally Catholic manner which derived its inspiration from memories of earlier land confiscations rather than from Tom Paine, France, or the new America. 7. Above all, they generally aspired to Catholic dominance (rather than mere equality), while the United Irishmen tended to envisage a republic in which Catholics would

  2. How effectively had the Weimar Governments dealt with Germany's Post World War one problems ...

    However, it can be argued that the Dawes Plan showed that Germany was totally dependent on short-term loans. Moreover, after Stresemann cut many jobs, unemployment began to rise again in 1926 and savings and investments were discouraged after hyperinflation showing that although the Weimar Government dealt with the problem effectively,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work