• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the aims of Mussolinis Foreign Policy in the 1920s.

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked June 2011 ? Explain the aims of Mussolini?s Foreign Policy in the 1920s. On coming to power in 1922, Mussolini did not have any clear foreign policy; he promised vague ideals of national glory and expansionism, but had no real plan to achieve these goals. He had loudly supported entry into the First World War and had condemned the peace settlement - the `mutilated victory' - but it was unclear what treaty revisions he would seek. He wanted to create a new Roman Empire with the Duce in control. There was no foreign policy `master plan', but in his first few months in office the new prime minister did begin to develop a general aim - in his words, `to make Italy great, respected and feared'. ...read more.


However, until during the 1920s these plans lacked detail. Mussolini was not sure which colonies would expand. Nor did he know how he would achieve `dominance' in the Mediterranean, or how much power he desired in the Balkans. Nevertheless, the Duce's overall objectives remained the same, even if circumstances, particularly the general situation in Europe, would force him to adopt a variety of tactics in pursuing these objectives. The Duce soon recognised that foreign affairs could provide him with the ideal stage - he would impress his fellow countrymen with spectacles where he would overshadow foreign statesmen, and defend and promote Italian interests with unending success. ...read more.


This could be seen as Mussolini wanting to adopt a pro-British approach to foreign policy in the later 1920s. He enjoyed being taken seriously as a European statesman. He would organise dramatic entrances to international conferences, as when he raced across Lake Maggiore in a flotilla of speedboats to Locarno. Italian press coverage was always extensive, suggesting that the Duce was being treated as an equal by the leaders of the great powers and that Mussolini's presence and contributions had been crucial in reaching such momentous European agreements. This was gross exaggeration - at Locarno, for instance, he attended only one session of the conference and did not even bother to read the final draft of the treaties - but it created a powerful impression in Italy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policy.

    5 star(s)

    average Italian's life, and has failed to fascitise the population economically as well. Politically, there were no surprises in the policies that Mussolini adopted. His policies were anti-communist and anti-capitalist, and used the system of corporatism and a Fascist Grand Council to run the country.

  2. To What Extent Did Mussolini Achieve his Foreign Policy Aims of making Italy "Great ...

    In doing this, Mussolini felt Britain and France would be more sympathetic towards Italian ambitions of overseas territory. With this in mind, Mussolini decided on his invasion of Abyssinia in 1935. Ethiopia was a traditional target of Italian colonial aspirations since the 1870's.

  1. How effective was Mussolini's Foreign Policy from 1922- 1945.

    In 1931 the Customs Union Crisis set in motion, but even with the lack of Italy's involvement, Mussolini was still concerned with economic feasibility. Mussolini feared Germanys rise, as the union between Germany and Austria was a threat to the boarders of Italy.

  2. History - Mussolini's Rise to Power

    But it is just as apparent that the clear impotence, inadequacies and ideological differences within the PSI compounded an inability to do so. Possibly the most significant problem on a wider scale was the PSI's unwillingness to cooperate with the liberal coalition Italian governments prior to 1922, meaning there was no united front to combat Fascist violence and organisation.

  1. "How far do the sources suggest consistent aims in Mussolini's foreign policy 1922-39?"

    Mussolini would need to be honest with his Grand Council because they are involved with putting his foreign policy into action and thus this source is very reliable.

  2. "How far do the sources suggest consistent aims in Mussolini's foreign policy 1922-1939?"

    It is also before Mussolini's visit to Germany which dramatically changed his view of the nation, after the visit he said Germany was "the most powerful nation in modern Europe..." This shows us that Mussolini's foreign opinions can change radically, as the derogatory opinion of Germany soon turned into a military alliance.

  1. How successful was Mussolini's foreign policy between 1922 and 1939?

    Mussolini's control over propaganda, including control over Italian media, meant that he could sugar coat his defeat of Corfu as a victory for the fascist. Nevertheless, Mussolini knew that Italy was still too weak to ever challenge Britain and France over the Mediterranean.

  2. In what ways was Mussolini cautious in his approach to Foreign Policy in the ...

    This port had long been a target of Italian territorial ambitions. At the advice of the liberal foreign office staff, Mussolini was prepared to temporarily abandon his hopes for Dalmatia. The Duce?s success over Fiume persuaded him that Yugoslavia could be pushed around.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work