• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the cultural values of Lenins Russia in the period 1917-1924.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain the cultural values of Lenin's Russia in the period 1917-1924? When the Bolsheviks came to power they used their position to try and change society and by everything possible to get the population of Russia into adopting the same ideology of the Bolsheviks.Lenin controlled soviet society and culture by bringing about fundamental changes in the position of women in society, religion and the position of the church, education, youth organisations and popular culture and the arts. The new communist state intended to bring about fundamental changes in the position of women in society. Lenin wanted women to have economic independence and to be freed from the traditional role of wife and mother. Led by the Bolshevik Alexandra Kollontai there were calls for greater equality between the sexes and greater freedom within relationships with women no longer being the property of their husbands. Under Lenin women were given a range of new rights and freedoms including rights within marriage. Lenin introduced 'the Bolshevik's family code of 1918 made divorce easier. A marriage could be dissolved at the request of either the husband or wife without the need to give grounds. Abortion was made legal and cr�ches were encouraged. ...read more.

Middle

Raids on churches by the red army units or the red guards in which objects of value were seized and resistance brutally suppressed, all became common. A large number of churches were destroyed or converted into other purposes. In 1918 all monasteries were closed down and their assets seizes while patriarch was temporarily placed under house arrest. Priests and clerics were declared "servants of the bourgeoisie" which meant they were not allowed to vote and did not receive ration cards. In 1921 the Bolsheviks established the "Union of the Militant Gods" with branches across the country. This held events such as debates to prove that god did not exist. It also had its own newspaper which attacked the clergy as fat parasites living off the peasantry. It also meant that peasants were taken for rides in planes to show there was no god in the sky. In youth there were two organisations set up. They were the Pioneers for children under 15 and the Komomsol for those from 14 into their 20's. Their purpose was to inculcate communist values and to promote loyalty to the working class. ...read more.

Conclusion

After the restrictions and censorship of the old regime many artists were encouraged by the Bolshevik policies especially Lenin seemed prepared to accommodate those artists who were not communist but who were sympathetic to the ideals of the revolution and who found plenty of material for their work in the events of the period. These artists were labelled by Trotsky as "fellow traveller". State control of the arts tightened in the early 1920's. During the civil war era censorship was patchy and inefficient, but in 1922 it was put on to a new footing when the directorate for literature and publishing also known as the Glavlit was formed. After 1922 al items intended for publication needed a licence from Glavlit before they could appear. Glavlit had also the responsibilities for suppressing underground literature working closely with the Cheka. In conclusion the Bolsheviks cultural values in Lenin's Russia controlled the Russian society in the period 1917-1924. It brought about fundamental changes in the position of women in society, religion and the position of the church, education, youth organisations and popular culture and the arts. These fundamental changes helped the Russian society greatly by helping them to control everything that went on in Russia. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Assess the impact of Lenin on Events in Russia between 1917 -1924

    If a peasant refused to hand over grain they were either forced to using violence or referred to as a traitor. One way they did this was through the CHECKA. This was an organisation to prevent counter sabotage and revolution.

  2. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * Agriculture had been largely reorganised into collective farms. Production was up by one-third. * Stalin was untouchable; he had complete control of the USSR: contrary advice was not welcomed and could be very unwise. * The Soviet population was much greater than that of Germany.

  1. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power: 1917 - 1924?

    All land was deemed to belong to the State and each village was made responsible for achieving a quota of produce to feed the factory workers so that the Communist's industrialisation could continue. Life became unbearably difficult for the Russian peasants under Lenin's 'War Communism'.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    his iron will, single-handedly swung the entire party away from the conciliationist and potentially even defensist policies which it might otherwise have followed. There is no evidence whatever for this point of view, only the vague sentiment that it is difficult to imagine any other explanation for such a dramatic turn-around.

  1. Evaluate the role of lenins leadership in the success of the bolshevik revolution of ...

    group, Lenin proved to be a skilled political thinker, however, his interpretation of Marxist work differed from the rest of the social democrats, He believed that a Revolutionary party could only be achieved through restricted membership to professional revolutionaries and that the Bourgeois stage of revolution could be skipped, he

  2. Assess Lenin's strengths and weaknesses as leader of Russia from 1917 to 1924.

    and the situation, he had no sleep; he spent his nights building improbable plans on how he would achieve his goal. There was no doubting the significance of Lenin?s arrival, before this, Stalin and Kamenev had accepted the events of February leading to the dual authority and were willing to work with other parties.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    This changed under Stalin, when all culture must be linked to the party line. The arts in NEP Russia: Some artists in 1920s Russia accepted the communist message and produced art forms designed to appeal to the masses, but not all did this.

  2. Assess the view that the Bolshevik rule from 1917 to 1924 was shaped more ...

    Laver goes onto state a major problem for the old-Russia ?He [Lenin] appears to have been surprised by the strength of national feeling which emerged, because he quickly came round to the idea that a federal state was a possibility?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work