• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the factors that caused Progressivism in the USA.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Explain the factors that caused Progressivism 12 marks Progressivism was the reform movement that ran from the late 19th century through the first decades of the 20th century. The main factor of the Progressive Movement was to improve American politics and society. The movement was started by the urban middle class, the factors that caused the development of Progressivism will be explored in the forthcoming paragraphs. Arguably the most significant factor that caused Progressivism, is the need to regulate big businesses. Business formed trusts during the late 19th century. Trusts were the result of mergers and takeovers of smaller companies creating giant corporation. Trust became so powerful that they threatened to establish monopolies in particular industries. The biggest of all, however, was US Steel. US Steel became the world?s first billion-dollar corporation. These giant trusts controlled the markets in their fields. Many Americans disliked the power of the trusts: they saw them as un-American, because they meant smaller companies or new entrants into the market could not complete. ...read more.

Middle

This would not have been so possible a generation before when there were fewer middle class people with the leisure to take on charitable work. However most progressives came from the middle class. As big business grew, the middle class saw their comfortable way of life coming to an end. Big business could make thing twice as fast, for half the price, and they used their wealth to buy off government officials. Therefore the progressives wanted to bring efficiency and stability to society. Most of them felt that scientific methods such as gathering data and analysis would overcome social and economic problems in an ordered way. In the United States, progressive reform was driven by a loose-knit group of reformers that were focused on social and governmental change. In the early 19th century American reform movement instituted legal changes to end political corruption. The progressive reform movement organised politically in 1912 to support the Progressive Party ticket of Theodore Roosevelt and again in 1924 to push the independent presidential candidacy of Robert LaFollette. ...read more.

Conclusion

By the late 19th century, Protestant Churches had moved away from the need for individual enterprise and hard work and accepted that adverse, social conditions could lead to people becoming evil. The so- called The Social Gospel movement is a Protestant Christian intellectual movement that was most prominent in the early 20th century United States and Canada. The movement applied Christian ethics to social problems, especially issues of social justice such as economic inequality, poverty, alcoholism, crime, racial tensions, slums, bad hygiene, child labor, inadequate labor unions, poor schools, and the danger of war. The Social Gospel is an important impact in the Progressive Movement. To conclude, the need to regulate big businesses, influence of the middle classes, religious influences and the threat of the left wing all causes the development of progressivism. Each exemplified that the US was actually less united than it appeared on the surface. Therefore, strong central authority was necessary to bring reforms and to ensure efficiency. The Progressives crossed political boundaries to improve the society, as the citizens wanted, therefore the rise of Progressivism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Progressivism was a political movement, which lasted from 1890 to 1917, that was started ...

    He thought that in America, a country founded upon the basis of equality among people, that everyone should have that equality, in all aspects of life. Roosevelt once wrote, "I am the president of all the people of the United States, without regard to creed, color, birthplace, occupation, or social condition.

  2. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    By 1963 the momentum for civil rights was growing. Martin Luther King organised a campaign which was met by the police commissioner Eugene Connor, with water cannon, dogs and baton charges. There were 500 arrests per day, King himself was arrested along with 1000 others. The whole event was seen on TV which sickened most Americans.

  1. Roosevelt(TM)s aims of relief, recovery and reform 1933-1945

    It was hoped that the expenditure on public works such as roads, dams, hospitals and schools would stimulate the economy. The PWA pumped billions of dollars into the economy and was responsible for massive public works schemes. The PWA only provided jobs for the skilled workers, which still meant that

  2. A face to remember

    He also stated in a letter to the VVFW for the sake of the many non-artists who have served their country under the standard American symbol of duty, honor, and country, in that every war since the nation was founded, it has represented by the flag; suggesting that the committee

  1. How significant was the contribution of Robert J. Oppenheimer to the Manhattan Project?

    Groves was important in most aspects of building the bomb, this included choosing of the sites with him finally deciding on Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Los Alamos, New Mexico and Hanford Engineering in Washington State as the primary sites for theoretical research and materials production.

  2. Women Working

    For every woman looking at a specimen through a microscope, there was one woman writing the observations down in a book. In this particular picture it is interesting to note that there is a man standing up, overseeing the work of the women.

  1. How successfull were JFKs social reforms?

    He also encouraged them to spend what they could to create employment opportunities. As a result of this unemployment did start to fall and was down to 5.3% by 1964. Kennedy increased the minimum wage from $1.00 per hour to $1.25 per hour and extended it to more professions including retail, which was a great help to women.

  2. Assess the view that the introduction of National Prohibition in the USA was inspired ...

    Rankin sat in the congress in 1916 proving to all women and the American society that women did have a voice and they could and should be heard. Interpretation D strongly supports the importance of women in the inspiration of the introduction of the National prohibition in the USA.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work