• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the importance of the Battle of Britain as a turning point of the Second World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain the importance of the Battle of Britain as a turning point of the Second World War The Battle of Britain took place during the summer and autumn of 1940. After defeating France, Hitler wanted to expand his territory through Europe by Britain. Hitler's Blitzkrieg (lightening war) seemed unstoppable and Churchhill described the potential significance of the Battle of Britain: 'The Battle of France is over .Upon this battle depends the survival of Christian civilisation.' Germany's air force Luftwaffe attacked British airfields, parks and radar stations in an attempt to gain superiority in the air, to stop the Royal Air force from bombing down on them whilst crossing the English Channel, to invade Great Britain. The Battle of Britain led to a new type of war as it was a major aerial battle between the Luftwaffe and the RAF. British fighter pilots used Hurricanes and Spitfires to shoot down the Luftwaffe, and the Luftwaffe would target the British merchant convoys and harbours, of which British forces were evacuated from Dunkerque between May and June 1940. ...read more.

Middle

For example, Beaverbrook's 'pots and pans' appeal which led people to realise the need and desperation of the fighters. Unfortunately, the Blitz killed around 45 000 civilians, but it gave time for the RAF to repair its ruined airfields and strengthen its defence. The Battle of Britain meant that the war between Germany was taking longer, and was therefore wasting Germany's supplies of weapons and other recourses they needed to win the war. Luckily, Great Britain had USA as an ally with its unlimited supplies. From the 14th to 15th of September, the RAF Bomber Command succeeded in destroying huge numbers of the invasion barges the Germans had assembled across the English channel, and so Hitler stopped Operation Sea Lion and lost the contest against Great Britain for the control over air space over the British Isles. The victory of Great Britain meant that the Blitzkrieg had finally come to an end and that Europe still had hope to free itself from Nazi Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

This invasion occurred on 6th June 1944 and is known as D-Day. The greatest importance which the Battle of Britain caused as a turning point of the Second World War was that it caused Hitler to face war on more than one front. By failing to seize England, Germany had war on several fronts. Germany had the Battle of the Atlantic, the Balkans, North Africa and the USSR to defeat. Due to heavy losses in the Battle of Britain, the attack on the USSR in 1940 was much smaller and some of the Luftwaffe had to stay behind to protect the German cities. The Battle of Britain was one of the most important moments in Britain's twentieth century history and a decisive point on the Second World War. Victory was eventually won with America and the Soviet Union, who were powerful allies, yet without the retention of the island base, in close proximity to the European mainland, it would have been impossible to launch the liberation of Europe and achieve the eventual defeat of Nazi Germany. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. In what ways did the Second World War affect the lives of ordinary people ...

    Especially richer people had to learn to survive on a more basic level, without the modern luxuries and leisure activities they were used to before the war. People's presentation became shabbier as the war continued because they had to repair old things including furniture because the products were not available.

  2. Was the "Battle of Britain" a Major Turning Point In World War II.

    German war machine back on all its Eastern fronts, and America beginning to pour its vast amounts of men and resources into the allied war effort, the tide of war began to turn in favour of the allies. After the success of the D-Day landings in Normandy and the Red Army sweeping towards Germany, Hitler's slow defeat began.

  1. How far do you think Bloody Sunday was a turning point in the course ...

    Another significant turning point in the course of troubles of Northern Ireland is the introduction of Internment. When Internment was introduced it immediately added to the troubles of Northern Ireland. It was the turning point that eventually led to the disasters of Bloody Sunday.

  2. What Impact did the Second World War have on the lives of women in ...

    Oliver Lyttleton, president of the board of trade, introduced clothes rationing in June 1941. This followed immediately by the rationing of furnishing fabrics and carpets. Clothes rationing was very different from food as nobody got the same amount, clothes were rationed using the points system used by Germany during the First World War.

  1. American History.

    This was terrible for US trade. - The British then began violating US rights as a sovereign nation by: (1) impressing British-born sailors or British deserters on US ships and court-martialing alleged deserters, (2) interfering w/US trade in the West Indies and (3)

  2. The Battle of the Atlantic.

    However, advances in technology meant that by 1942 the escorts would have several more means of detection. One such method was radar. By May 1942, 236 ships carried centimetric radar, an accurate radar using a wavelength of 10cm and able to detect a U-boat at a distance of several miles.

  1. The Blitz

    would disrupt normal working life and therefore have a dramatic effect on the work rate. Source C would have been censored as it is a very disturbing image, nobody would like to see dozens of innocent schoolgirls dead. You can see that the body bags are small except for 1;

  2. Considering the changes in warfare 1845-1991 how far can Blitzkrieg be considered a turning ...

    Blitzkrieg was a turning point with regards to the use of technology in a more efficient way than had previously been displayed. Britain's debut of the tank in World War One had left a lot to be desired, they were slow, inefficient and subject to an unprecedented amount of mechanical difficulties, leaving their potential overlooked by many.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work