• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the reasons why America became increasingly involved in the affaires of Vietnam between 1954 and 1965.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assignment One Exercise One Explain the reasons why America became increasingly involved in the affaires of Vietnam between 1954 and 1965. America's involvement in Vietnam was due to their attitude towards the rise of communism. In 1948, President Harry Truman presented the world with the Truman doctrine. The Truman doctrine was an American policy that stated that America would help any country in fighting the threat of communism. Truman obviously thought any the people of the country who might become communist might want their country to be communist. He thought that communism was something that wasn't chosen by the people, but something forced upon them. At this point in world history, most of Eastern Europe had become communist under the influence of Russia. America believed that communism was a threat to democracy. Therefore the Truman doctrine was set up to contain communism and not let it spread to other countries. President Eisenhower set up the Domino theory to try and explain communism. ...read more.

Middle

Under Eisenhower, the USA aligned themselves with South Vietnam. This was due to the policies in the Truman doctrine. However, Diem's government was very unpopular and corrupt. He was also a Catholic. Therefore he was unpopular among the Buddhists in the country. He didn't do anything to help the poor in Vietnam so he was unpopular with them too. Soon there was increasing support for the Vietminh especially among the poor, Buddhist peasants in South Vietnam. A communist guerrilla party was born out of the supporters in South Vietnam called the National Liberation Front (NLF) and was known as the Vietcong. To try and combat the rising support for the NLF, President Eisenhower sent into Vietnam, several hundred military advisors. This was America's first actual involvement in Vietnam. He also sent military aid to South Vietnam. When John F. Kennedy became president in 1961, he gradually increased the number of military advisors in Vietnam. In total there were 16 000 military advisors. They played a large part in helping South Vietnam defend against Vietcong attacks. ...read more.

Conclusion

He believed that the USA should have a much larger role in Vietnam to try and win the war. He used the alleged attack in the Gulf of Tonkin as an excuse to attack North Vietnam. He started to send many American combat troops into Vietnam while also providing much military aid. In 1964 there were 165000 troops in Vietnam and America was fighting much of the war for South Vietnam. America's initial involvement in Vietnam between 1954 and 1965 was due to its policies on the containment of Communism. This was stated in the Truman doctrine and because of this America became involved in a war which had little to do with them. The fear of the Domino theory taking place in Asia was another reason to why they got involved. There was also a lot of pressure to conform to the Truman doctrine after the failure to combat communism in other parts of the world like Cuba, China and Korea. They chose to fight this war to show they could tackle communism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Assess the reasons why American military intervention in Vietnam increased from 1954

    By 1964, a third of South Vietnam was in VC hands. Under Johnson, superior military technology was seen to be the only means to prevent the communist takeover of South Vietnam. The Gulf of Tonkin Incident in August 1964 was used as the pretext for the Tonkin Resolution which gave

  2. The Sino-Soviet Split

    These actions caused Khrushchev to view the Chinese with increasing mistrust, a sentiment which culminated in 1960, with the withdrawal of Soviet experts, the shutting down of Sino-Soviet co-operatives, and the termination of nuclear aid. Relations after this point were decidedly cold, as Mao turned his attention from dominance within

  1. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    But they contain one similar theme, they do explain why there was an anti war movement in the USA in the late 1960's and early 1970's There were many reasons as to why there was an anti-war movement during the Vietnam War.

  2. What were the reasons for America to become increasingly involved in Vietnam? The second ...

    The meeting also decided that in 1956, there would be an election in both North and South to decide who would rule the whole country. This election did not take place and the split became permanent by 1956.

  1. How Did America Become Increasingly Involved In Vietnam

    these were families from houses and towns from rural areas being relocated to more safer locations away from communist oppression, this did not work as they also moved communist sympathizers and actual VC members. It also made eth existing government less popular with the Buddhists who thought a house was sacred and wasn't to be moved out of.

  2. Explain why the USA became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam.

    It became known as The Battle of Dien Bien Phu. The French used conventional tactics and wore an eye-catching uniform making them an easy target. For the French, it was a desperate attempt to retrieve its empire in Indochina. The Vietminh however, were camouflaged and used bicycles to travel through the forests to access the French.

  1. Analyse and Discuss the Reasons Behind the Breakdown in the Relationship Between the United States a

    aid, an act that resulted in Yugoslavia's expulsion from the Cominform in 1948. The internecine squabble between Stalin and Tito, had the effect of reducing even further the goodwill of the public towards the Soviet Union within both the US and Europe.

  2. American History.

    This not only unified whites and blurred class distinctions between them, but also led to the creation of a certain set of characteristics (laziness, dishonesty, sexual promiscuity) that became associated with all blacks. - From the start, then, the republic was seen as a white male enterprise - some historians

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work