• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the reasons why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam between 1954 and 1965

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE History Coursework: Denis Harley Assignment Two; Question One Question: Explain the reasons why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam between 1954 and 1965? There are many reasons as to why the US became more and more involved in Vietnam. I will talk about all of these reasons, but the main, underlying fact is: The Cold War. The Cold War was about the building up of nuclear threats and arms between the then two world super powers; Russia (USSR) and America (USA). After World War 2, the USSR hated the US and Vice Versa. Here are a few of the reason why the USSR hated America: Russia was not invited to the Treaty of Versailles, after they helped defeat the Germans in the First World War (However this decision was not totally unjust). At the T.o.V. they lost land, without even being asked. Another reason for the hatred was during the 1930's, running up to WW2, Communist Russia and their leader, Josef Stalin asked for an alliance with the West (including the USA), so they would have someone to back them up if Germany invaded. ...read more.

Middle

The US did not want the further spread of communism. During WW2, Russia had accumulated land on their route to Berlin. They weren't simply going to give this back. They were made communism states, or 'satellites'. The land was in Eastern Europe, and the Russians kept on taking more in this area, including Hungary, Romania, Poland and Czechoslovakia. This was called the domino affect, and to prevent it spreading further, the US helped Western Europe out with the Marshall plan, loaning money to them. This basically meant those countries allegiance to the US. The Americans needed to replicate this in Vietnam. The Vietnam War was part of the Cold War. There was no actual fighting between the US and the USSR, but they used other countries to do it for them. The Berlin Blockade and the Korean War were examples of this. The Vietnam War was another. Ho Chi Minh was a Viet national who had seen his country tarnished by foreigners; he and his people did not like them, in 1954, with the help of the Vietminh, he kicked the French rulers out of the country. ...read more.

Conclusion

There was also an incident at an American base, Plieku, where American soldiers were massacred. This was the catalyst, the Americans had to strike back LB Johnson was given a 'Blank Cheque' by congress, and in 1965, they launched operation Rolling Thunder, a bombing campaign. They then introduced more US troops to fight. All of these things escalated the US into the War. By this point the US was too far into the war to pull out. They simply could not lose to a small, mountainous country. Even then, the spread of communism would be too strong. If the South fell, surely Cambodia and Laos would too. Then it would spread to Burma, Thailand and India. There was too much at stake. They could not pull out at this late stage and lose to a peasant nation. I have talked about many reasons for the US involvement, but what the ultimate and Long-term reason was the Cold war against the USSR. As Lyndon B Johnson said, it was 'a bitch of a war', which lasted a further 8 years. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam

    3 star(s)

    Eisenhower was determined that communism would stop at the 17th parallel. Diem was elected President of South Vietnam in October 1955. To prevent Vietnam turning to communism, the United States would therefore have to supply Diem's government with money, supplies and military equipment.

  2. The Vietnam War – G.C.S.E. History Coursework

    The positive aspect of the sources includes the fat that it gives us the anti-AWM view. A bad thing is that it was written in 1995 and this might effect reliability of the source. This source demonstrates to me that Garfinkle had an anti-AWM view and that he supported the general trend of sources 7,9 and 19.

  1. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    over America, mediums like this were effective in spreading messages and viewpoints in a matter of days. So naturally this would inspire feelings of anti-war among many American people. However this source is from a British magazine - a nation that had nothing to do with the Vietnam War.

  2. Between 1954 and 1965, America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam.

    This backfired, as it only served to further increase the hostility felt towards Diem by the Buddhists. After the killing of 9 Buddhists at a religious celebration, Buddhist monks began committing suicide by publicly by setting fire to themselves, this further proved to USA that Diem was not up to the job of protecting South Vietnam against communism.

  1. platoon vs jarhead

    As these films were made by Americans, their portrayal as suffering and surviving may be an excuse on why they lost, as America are very proud of the wars they have won. Both films showed narrative as at the beginning of Platoon, Chris Taylor, the main character arrived as a rookie.

  2. How Useful are Sources A to C to Explain Why the United States Became ...

    As the article was written by an American journalist who was at the war, he is going to be biased and anti war as he was a witness of the horrid events in Vietnam. As he is anti-war, he is going to be sarcastic and exaggerate certain points.

  1. Why the US became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

    In August 1964 two US navel vessels were on patrol off the coast of Vietnam in the Gulf Of Tonkin. An incident happened in where supposedly North Vietnamese patrol boats fired on the American destroyer, The Maddox, in the Gulf Of Tonkin.

  2. Explain the reasons why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam between ...

    it was decided that Vietnam would be divided at the 17th parallel. The South half of Vietnam would be ruled by Diem, a strong opponent of Communism placed in power b the Americans. The Communist Ho chi Minh would rule the North.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work