• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolshevik party up to 1922.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolshevik party up to 1922. Before contributing to the success of the Bolshevik party, and the 1917 revolution, Leon Trotsky was originally a significant member of the Social Democratic Party Menshevik Wing. Both the Mensheviks and Bolsheviks wanted the Tsar off the throne, but the difference in the two parties were that the Mensheviks did not think that Russia was ready for a revolution yet, whereas the Bolsheviks did. During this time as a Menshevik, Trotsky organised strikes in the 1905 revolution. This meant he already had first hand experience of being involved in a revolution when the 1917 revolution occurred. After the 1905 revolution he was imprisoned for his actions, where he developed the theory of permanent revolution. He escaped in 1907and joined the Bolshevik party. As Trotsky had been an important member in the Menshevik wing, and gained a lot of popularity during the 1905 revolution, when he became a Bolshevik, it encouraged other Mensheviks to also join, or at least support the other party. ...read more.

Middle

This put them in a very powerful position. The Red Guards captured these targets without much opposition, however the Petrograd garrison and the Kronstadt naval garrison could have defeated the army, as they were more powerful. Trotsky was given the job to persuade them not to overthrow the Bolsheviks. He convinced them that they should not oppose the Bolshevik revolution, and even persuaded a few to support it. This was an important moment for Trotsky, as if this persuasion had failed, the revolution would have been stopped. After the Revolution, when the Bolsheviks had taken control, Trotsky still contributed to their success. He was the man in charge of negotiating the peace agreement with Germany. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk meant that Russia lost 34% of its population, and 32% of its farming land, but it also got Russia out of the Great War and showed that the Bolsheviks were keeping their word. One of their most famous campaign slogans was "Peace, Bread and Land". ...read more.

Conclusion

Without Trotsky, the Bolsheviks were unlikely to have got into power, let alone long enough to build the communist state of which they dreamed. Trotsky was an outstanding personality, and intelligent enough to be the backbone of the Bolsheviks. Mikhail Uritsky, a Bolshevik activist in 1917 said, "Now the great revolution has come, one feels that however intelligent Lenin may be he begins to fade beside the genius of Trotsky." Mikhail Uritsky, obviously, realised that Lenin was not the only powerful force in the Bolshevik party. Lenin was the face of the Bolshevik party, and the main public speaker, so he probably was responsible for more recruits and supporters than Trotsky, but without Trotsky the Red Guards would have been defeated during the 1917 revolution, and the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk may never have been signed which would have lost the Bolsheviks the support they needed. Trotsky was a significant part of the Bolshevik party, and although they may still have got to power without him, he made sure they did it with as little trouble as possible. Gemma Weber Page 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    * Relations between the two countries worsened over the question of control over French-held Malta, at that time being blockaded by Britain but promised by her to Russia in due course. At the same time a rift developed between Austria and the other two powers over Austrian suspicions of British intentions in Belgium and Russian ambitions in Italy.

  2. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    he succeeded in turning the Red Army into an affective fighting force. The Red Army certainly made important contributions to the Bolshevik Victory, although alone it does not explain it. Trotsky's organisation skills ensured that his Red Army worked efficiently through unison.

  1. How did Stalin, who was illustrated by Leon Trotsky himself as 'the most eminent ...

    Historian Martin McCauley, author of "Stalin and Stalinism," states that Stalin's uninterested attitude to ideology was utilitarian, whereupon Stalin's "incursion into ideology...served two purposes: to provide a simple, accessible exegesis of Marxism-Leninism, and to outmaneuver his opponents." McCauley's book proves to be a reliable source as it has hardly any

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    While the mechanics of the new Russian system were quite unique, at least some of the aspects of the new society were rather like those of any multi-party democracy. The newly liberated and politically conscious public was for the most part unencumbered by any coherent political ideology, and saw politics

  1. The Bolshevik Revolution In October-November 1917

    war and communications immediately, which led to more and more discontent with the farming community. SHORT TERM: The final nail in the coffin was the giving of weapons to the Bolsheviks. The Provisional Government thought they had no choice if they were to survive the Kornilov Rising in the short term.

  2. How important was Lenin in bringing about the Bolshevik revolution of November 1917?

    A time when a disorderly, armed mob full of soldiers ran onto the Petrograd streets, trying to overthrow the Provincial Government. Lenin grudgingly supported the attempt at revolution, but it was suppressed. The government again made the situation for the Bolsheviks more beneficial when they were threatened with the Kornilov Plot.

  1. Stalin Vs. Trotsky.

    In 1916 he was summoned to Krasnoiarsk to be drafted but was found physically unfit for military service owing to his withered left arm. During the war period he apparently wrote next to nothing. Liberated by the February Revolution, Stalin hastened to Petrograd and, as the only member of the

  2. To what extent did Lenin's legacy leave the Bolshevik party in a vibrant and ...

    People from within the party were concerned with Lenin's action as seen by what Maxim Gorky, one of the Bolshevik party's leading intellectuals at the time, said 'The best Rusians have lived for almost 100 years with the idea of a Constituent Assembly as a political organ which could provide

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work