• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922. The relatively brief period between approximately 1917 and 1922 was an extremely strenuous, yet glorious and successful time for the Bolshevik Party. With the great help of his right hand man Trotsky, the party leader, Lenin was soon able to deflect support from the current provisional government, and turn heads towards the far more organised and dedicated Bolsheviks. Despite having once been a Menshevik, Trotsky was soon converted to a loyal and dedicated Bolshevik through the greatly influential persuasive power of Lenin, who convinced Trotsky that the time was right for Revolution. Come June 1917, Trotsky was already considered Lenin's right-man, and as a matter of fact, Lenin himself even said that he believed Trotsky to be the only person able to sae the revolution. There are a variety of ways in which Trotsky contributed to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922. ...read more.

Middle

Through this system, Trotsky was left 20 000 officers to command the army of 300 000 men. However, by the end of World War 1, the Bolsheviks were once again faced with major opposition. This time, their opponents consisted of supporters of the Tsar (Tsarists), Socialist Revolutionaries, democrats, landlord, nobles, and many other classes, who all joined together to form the White army. The Bolsheviks also found themselves being attacked by foreign 'armies of intervention' from countries such as Britain, who alone contributed �12million towards the cause. At this point, the Bolsheviks were in serious trouble. For example, their leader Lenin was almost killed after having been shot three times in the neck. The panic amongst the Bolsheviks was demonstrated when they murdered the royal family (the Tsars) in order to prevent them leading the white armies. Despite the immense pressure, Trotsky was not willing to let the party down, and he immediately stepped up his army in a most brutal fashion. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1919, the foreign armies of intervention were withdrawn, and the white armies were left to fight alone. Foolishly, they failed to unite as a team, and so were extremely erratic, enabling Trotsky to take them on, one-by-one. Come the end of 1919, the only remaining whites fighting were extremely isolated groups, who stood virtually no chance of success, leaving the Bolsheviks safe for the time being. At one point, Trotsky said, 'I felt like a surgeon who has finished a difficult, and dangerous operation - I must wash my hands, take off my apron and rest'. This success was really a collective result of all of Trotsky's successes and contributions to the Bolshevik party, and emphasises the enormity of his importance to their success. As a conclusion, it is apparent that Trotsky made an enormous and critical contribution to the successes of the Bolsheviks. In particular was the way in which he devoted himself so well to supporting and organising the Red Army. By doing so, Trotsky was able to defeat the huge number of opponents, who challenged the Bolsheviks in the coming years to 1922. Tom McCretton 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    * The artillery was equally inaccurate and slow, with a range of about half a mile. It took a skilled gun crew to be able to fire a round a minute, even with the new, lighter cannon introduced into France in the 1770s.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    The Mezhraionsty had of course failed to perform this task, and ended up becoming another splinter group. The group, which had 4,000 members and printed its own newspaper, Vpered, did not officially join the Bolsheviks until August 1917. However, Trotsky had been impressed by Lenin's programme from the moment of

  1. Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolshevik party up to 1922.

    By signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, they were delivering the first third of their promise to Russia. After proving himself as a great and tactful leader during the Bolshevik revolution Trotsky was made chairman of the supreme war council.

  2. Explain Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    In November the Bolsheviks set up a government called the Council of People's Commissars. Lenin was chairman, and Trotsky was Commissar for War. They passed important decrees abolishing all class distinctions and all distinctions of rank in the Armed Forces, all land belonging to the Tsar and the church and

  1. Stalin and Trotsky

    The fact that the words within the bubbles are being blown away suggests that the dreams of individuals within the society are also floating away. The book in the cartoon represents Trotsky as an intellectual character, however the socialist structure itself, is making it more challenging for workers and the

  2. Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    its coal mines and valuable farm land to Germany it meant the Bolsheviks delivered the peace which the people wanted.

  1. The enormous role that Trotsky played in the success of the Bolsheviks up until ...

    At 2:10 am the provisional government were arrested. Only 5 people were killed during these events. As further proof of Trotsky's invaluable part in the November Revolution, we need look no further than the words of Stalin, later to become Trotsky's greatest rival; 'The party owes the rapid coming over

  2. Explain Leon Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolsheviks Up To 1922

    Red Guard stormed the Winter Palace and arrested the ministers of the provisional government. On the 8th November, an announcement was made that the provisional government had been overthrown. This helped the Bolsheviks because the organisation skills Trotsky supplied meant the Bolsheviks had support and weapons, if it hadn't been for him, the Bolsheviks may never have overthrown the government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work