• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam between 1954 and 1965.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE History Coursework: Assignment 2 Question 1: Explain why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam between 1954 and 1965. Introduction America supported the French in their war against Vietnam because they were anti-communist, and the Vietminh were communist under the rule of Ho Chi Minh. However, in 1954, the French had to leave Vietnam after an embarrassing defeat at Dien Bien Phu. They then signed the Geneva Agreement in which the US promised to grant independence to Vietnam. However, in order to stop the threat of communism, they started a war against North Vietnam, and supported the anti-communist South Vietnam. After World War II had ended, there were fears of communism developing in Vietnam because both the French and the Japanese who had ruled over them had mistreated them. They were part of France's colony since the 1880's, when French troops completed their conquest of the Indo-Chinese area. The Vietnamese workers had poor conditions in factories, had to pay high taxes and rents, and were forced to work on public labour projects. Hatred for the French began to grow. ...read more.

Middle

They were so worried about the spread of communism because if the ideas spread throughout Asia then US interests would be threatened. The Vietcong tried to spread communism to the South by word, but if that didn't work then they used torture, terrorism and murder. The Americans knew that even their armed forces couldn't stop a communist force involving so many countries, so it was best to stop the Vietcong now, while they were still a small, manageable force. America was so anti-communist that it would rather support the corrupt government of South Vietnam, under Ngo Dinh Diem, than let communism spread to it from the North. It did this by: * Financial support * Military support, like the strategic hamlets The strategic hamlets, however, were highly unsuccessful because they were very expensive, and were heavily infiltrated by the Vietcong; only 12.5% were judged secure. President Kennedy believed that America should continue giving the South support, although he didn't agree with the persecution of the Buddhists. When President Kennedy was assassinated, his vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson was elected. The Vietcong were supported by China and the Soviet Union, who supplied them with aircraft, munitions and food. ...read more.

Conclusion

This excuse came in 6-7 February 1965, when the Vietcong attacked the US base at Pleiku. The public were outraged after 7 US advisers were killed, over 100 others were wounded, and 18 aircraft were destroyed. Conclusion By 1965, there was an increased amount of US involvement because they had just launched 'OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER'. This was an extensive bombing campaign to destroy Vietnamese morale, and to kill the Vietcong, and therefore contain the communist ideas. Also, President Johnson wanted to win the war, and so needed to put in more troops. The Vietcong were an almost impossible opponent, and were invisible due to their knowledge of the landscape, and their guerrilla tactics. As they wore what every other person in North Vietnam wore, and could be men, women or children, everyone was a suspect. This meant the US was fighting an unknown, unseen, invisible opponent, and so needed more people to help fight this force. By 1965, there were about 60,000 troops in Vietnam, compared to the 15,000 the year before. In 1966, however, there were triple the amount of US troops in Vietnam: 270,000! Therefore, there was a need for increased US involvement to try to stop the spread of communism, and to win the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the French leave Vietnam in 1954?

    support they were given which was linked against the strength and knowledge of the Vietminh. In November 1953, the French sent their crack paratroop regiment to Vietnam. It was naturally assumed by the French that this unit would sort out the untrained Viet Minh guerillas.

  2. How Useful are Sources A-C to explain why the United States became involved in ...

    has a purpose of boosting morale therefore his tone is different to Source B. He then says "Of course if you start running from the communists, they may chase you into your own kitchen". This shows his support for the domino theory he holds this same support for the domino

  1. How Useful are Sources A to C to Explain Why the United States Became ...

    Source F is an article written by the journalist Richard Hammer in 1970, at the time of the war. Source F talks about how the guerrilla warfare tactics were very hard to counter, and as a result of this the US army would drop napalm bombs to cause havoc in Vietnam.

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    They also felt their trade industry would be severely damaged if they did nothing. They wanted to send a message to other countries that even though small Vietnam had just defeated a major power (France) communism was not the answer to all of their problems and the USA would not tolerate it.

  1. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

    Buddhists burned themselves alive in the streets as a protest against Diem's policies. Diem also took farmers lands and put his own officials in charge of the farmland, which upset many farmers and lead to them helping the Vietminh later. In 1961 America elected a new President, John. F. Kennedy.

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    hand to hand to finance shady dealings, of elaborate procedures for covering tracks and destroying papers, and of tapes recording the president's conversations with his aides. With Watergate eroding Nixon's prestige, Congress finally halted American fighting in Indochina by cutting off funds (after Aug.

  1. Explain Why The United States Became Increasingly Involved In The War In Vietnam

    The Truman Doctrine was a political attack on communism made by the American President. He wanted to stop the spread of communism and its influence on the other countries, and needed allies for this cause. The policy of containment was stopping communism from spreading from one country to the surrounding area.

  2. How useful are sources A to C to explain why the United States became ...

    On June 25, 1950, Soviet ally Kim Il-Sung of North Korea launched an invasion of South Korea. The United Nations agreed to defend South Korea, and the crisis escalated into an explicit confrontation against the Chinese and Soviet military in the Korean War.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work