• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why America became increasingly involved in theAffairs of Vietnam between 1954 and 1968.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why America became increasingly involved in the Affairs of Vietnam between 1954 and 1968. For many years Vietnam was ruled by France. Vietnam had a long history of conflict. The south-east areas controlled by the French were known as French Indo-China. This area was ruled entirely for French benefit. In 1940 80% of Vietnamese population was illiterate, as there was only one university for 20 million people and only two doctors for every 100,000 people. Resistance to the French started in 1920 but failed untill 1930 when Ho Chi Minh formed the Indo-China communist party that started an uprising against the French. In 1954 representatives of the major powers and different areas of Indo-China met at Geneva to discuss and hopefully resolve problems of the country's future. In July 1954 an armistice was signed and several decisions were made which included Vietnam being divided into two and being split on the seventh parallel with the being ruled by Ho Chi Minh and the south being ruled by Ngo Dihn Diem. ...read more.

Middle

The Buddha's were furious once again and started to demonstrate against the Diem government. On June 11th 1963 a 66 year old Buddha called Thich Quang Duc sat down in the middle of a busy road whilst his fellow Buddhist monks dowsed him in petrol and set him on fire. By August five monks had killed themselves in this way. Opposition to Diem's government grew and 1,200 of Diem's government officials were assassinated. Ho Chi Minh was against this strategy he believed that opposition forces in the south should concentrate on organising support rather than carry out acts of terrorism. In 1960 the National Front for the Liberation of the south was formed. The Guerilla units of the NLF were supplied with aid from North Vietnam. Almost 100,000 people were placed into prison camps , with Diem being overthrown and murdered in one of these camps in 1963. With Diem dead a guerilla war began . In 1955 South Vietnam received support from America in the form of money, arms and military advisers. ...read more.

Conclusion

President Kennedy made it clear to the American people that he was going to follow Eisenhowers policy of supporting the south. Kennedy agreed to send the south money to increase the size of its army from 150,000 to 170,000 and he also sent 100 military advisers to help train the south Vietnamese army. After the assassination of Kennedy,President Johnson took over and he was a strong believer in the domino theory and he believed that the prevention of NLF was vital in the defence of America. Untill 1964 American involvement wasn't that much but when Johnson got re' elected they became more focused on attack. After an American spy ship "the Maddox" was attacked Johnson told his US Congress to take what action he thought necessary in the interests of US security in South east Asia. As a result the U.S air force began to strike targets in North Vietnam. Masses of bombs were dropped on North Vietnam ever more than were dropped on Germany in the second world war. Over 500,000 American troops arrived in Vietnam. Vietnam was now at war at the results would be catastrophic with thousands of Vietnamese getting killed and injured. Tom Prosser 11AA ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam

    3 star(s)

    This chain reaction can also be described, as a row of dominoes if one fell then the rest will follow. China had turned towards communism in 1949. North Korea and North Vietnam also had communist governments. If the South Vietnamese 'domino' followed, then the next country which is likely to fall is Malaya or Burma.

  2. American History.

    Matthew Baldwin, steam locomotives, by 1840 exported internat'lly]. - The American System of Manufacturing was created, which involved using precision machinery to produce interchangeable parts that didn't require adjustment to fit. Eli Whitney promoted the system in 1798 w/respect to rifles, and by the 1820s the US had contracts w/firms to produce machine made firearms.

  1. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    During the heat of battle he accidentally shoots one of his fellow soldiers, killing him. He is simply told to forget about this and move on. During another battle several bullets wound him, forcing him out of the war. Ron later discovers he is paralysed from the waist down, robbing

  2. What were the reasons for America to become increasingly involved in Vietnam? The second ...

    Since the Geneva agreement had split Vietnam into two at the 17th parallel, it gave China, Ho Chi Minh and the Vietcong a chance to influence their beliefs on South Vietnamese peasants, by offering them more land when communism takes over.

  1. The role of Saddam Hussain in serving the aims of America in the Middle ...

    Washington also exaggerated the dangers of this operation over the Indian sub continent and the Gulf region and she called the countries which were under the threat of the Soviet Union as the "Trucial States" Meanwhile Carter, the American President, declared the Gulf as being a strategic area for the

  2. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam.

    This was the idea that if one country fell to communism, the rest of the world would follow like dominoes. This meant that Indochina was of great importance to the US in order to prevent the occurrence of further communism.

  1. Ho Chi Minh

    In 1930 the revolutionary Ho Chi Minh formed an Indochinese Communist Party. Ho had spent the last 20 years in exile working towards bringing an end to French rule. He was convinced that a communist approach to nationalism could achieve this.

  2. Explain the reasons why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam between ...

    This included financial, military and economical aid. It was in fact their financial and military support that brought about their direct intervention in the Vietnam War. In the bid to excuse their involvement America came together with the "Domino Theory".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work