• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany from June 1940 until the end of June 1943.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany from June 1940 until the end of June 1943. The Germans attempted on many occasions through different strategies and offences to invade and gain superiority over Britain. However, various factors such as technology, tactics, weapons, leadership and overseas aid from the U.S, contributed greatly to Britain being able to hold out against Germany from June 1940 until the end of June 1943. Technology played an immense part in both the Battle of Britain and the Battle of the Atlantic. Both battles were crucial in the survival of British independence but for very different reasons. A victory in the battle of the Atlantic allowed Britain to maintain vital contacts and supply routes from America, which was critical at that time of need. The battle of Britain ensured air superiority over Britain, which was essential in stopping a German ground invasion. One of the technological advancements unique to Britain (invented by Robert Watson-Watt) was radar. The development of radar had been going on since 1935 in dead secrecy under the cover of 'RDF' radio-direction finding. ...read more.

Middle

Churchill brought the nation together in a time of panic and crisis when Britain was under invasion. His passionate speeches about the bravery of British soldiers boosted the morale and courage of people during the Blitz. He introduced Lord Breaverbrook onto the scene of aircraft production because he realized the necessity for a high rate of industrial production, especially that of much needed fighter planes. Though anti-communist, he was pragmatic in quickly acknowledging Soviet Russia as a partner once Hitler had invaded. Churchill's role in gaining U.S support was vital as although he knew Britain would be able to resist Hitler's armies, complete victory would be impossible without financial aid, supplies and weapons from the U.S. British success in the Mediterranean was largely due to U.S grants and weapons. U.S Shermans were very powerful tanks, which more than matched their German counterparts. Churchill's invaluable knowledge as a military leader as well as prime minister made him realize that diplomatic ties with the U.S was necessary in coping with the German invasion. In terms of weapons, Britain had the upper hand in the Battle of Britain. Luftwaffe bombers were too small and they did not cause enough damage to their targets to put them completely out of action. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Including Belfast, Portsmouth, Hull, Plymouth and London). Their aim was to interrupt industrial production and undermine morale and they succeeded in doing so. However, in the long run, it was a necessary sacrifice as it gave time to the R.A.F to recuperate their forces, regain control of the skies and prevent any further invasion. British tactics in the Atlantic were to fight U-Boats and make sure convoys carrying vital supplies were not destroyed. Fortunately, from late 1941 onwards, British code breakers at Bletchley Park got better at decoding German codes. Breaking codes enabled them to know the whereabouts of U-Boats and so convoys could be guided away from the U-Boat wolf packs. Consequently, between May 1942 and May 1943, Britain managed to steer out of 175 convoys across the Atlantic without any interference from U-Boats. The success of Britain's tactics and the failure of Germanys' proved to be a key factor in Britain holding out against them. In conclusion, Britain's ability to hold out against Germany was partly due to U.S financial aid and material support, along with failure from the German tactics, Hitler's poor leadership and weapons. However, without Britain's tactical thinking, weapons and great leadership, it would never have been possible for them to keep their independence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    * By adopting new methods and by learning how to pin napoleon down to a more defensive style of warfare, by denying him the opportunity to force an early and, he hoped, decisive battle, and in the end by co-operating among themselves long enough to be able to field a

  2. Hitlers Germany

    The Dutch had already been overrun, and the Belgian king surrendered on May 28. On June 10 Italy belatedly declared war on Britain and France. The French army was already shattered. On June 16 Reynaud yielded the premiership to Marshal Petain, who sued for peace at once.

  1. How did Britain Survive (June 1940-1943)?

    One of the things that perhaps was the greatest asset to the British during the Battle of Britain was the radar. The experienced radar operators were able to accurately estimate the size and speed of the approaching aircraft. This meant that the RAF was never caught unprepared, previously Germany was

  2. Unification of Germany - Factors of Success.

    In the German-Danish War???? of 1864-65, making use of the Schleswig-Holstein????.??? Question Bismarck posed?? himself to be a patriot??? to all Germans, and allied?? with Austria to relieve?? her suspicion?? of Prussia's aim and observe?? the capacity?? of the Austrian army in action.

  1. Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany between June ...

    The U-boats were one of Germany's greatest assets, and in the early years the allies suffered enormously from the carnage caused by them, this is shown by the way that U-boat destruction was given priority in January 1943. Hitler wish to create a smokescreen behind which he could carry out

  2. Why was Britain able to stand alone against Germany between June 1940 and December ...

    Another weakness in the German navy was that Raeder "tied down" the fleet commanders by his precise orders and the individual commanders did not have that freedom to act as they found was best. This slowed down the operations and brought ineffectiveness to the whole navy.

  1. The battle of Britain was an important turning point in the second world war ...

    Without it I don't think that Hitler would have been so powerful. Norway was quickly over run by Germany with help from a Norwegian traitor who obviously offered to help Hitler. The morale in Germany would most probably have been quite high as they had defeated and over run every

  2. Why was Germany unable to defeat Britain by 1941?

    The raids began with a ten-hour bombardment, which killed more than 4000 civilians, and in summer 1941 over 40,000 people were killed and over 2 million had been made homeless.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work