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Explain Why Propaganda Was Used In The First World War To Promote War Effort

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Introduction

Explain Why Propaganda Was Used In The First World War To Promote War Effort? The government used propaganda to persuade people to take your view by using the media; its main aim was to persuade people or to boost morale. Propaganda was especially used mainly at the beginning and during the First World War because Britain needed to boost the nations morale and for the support from the British people to make them believe that Britain was actually winning the war. Without all of the men's and women's support Britain would have lost faith and lost the war nearly immediately. Propaganda was represented in many different forms. There were propaganda posters that portrayed Britain as a high and mighty nation. One poster portrayed Lord Kitchener with his finger pointing at you saying, "Britons Lord Kitchener wants you, Join your countries army". It says Britons in bold font across the top of the poster implying that they need you. This was a very good propaganda poster because Lord Kitchener was a general who became Secretary Of State, so some people may look up to him and want to be as successful as he was. Another propaganda poster that was used was a poster that said, "Women of Britain say GO". ...read more.

Middle

How Effective Were The Methods Of Propaganda Used In The First World War In Winning Support For The War Effort? In the First World War propaganda was very effective because government used many higher-class citizens/wives/idols in posters to persuade either women to work or men to fight. From the posters sending men to war, recruitment was a great success and approx, 500,000 in the first month. To win even more support for the war effort, many people went to war because of the Pals Battalions. For women, posters that portrayed them as equal citizens encouraged them to prove that they were as skilled as men. This gave the women a chance to prove themselves that they were as valuable as men in the push to defeat Germany and her great army. Many sorts of propaganda affected the war effort in many different ways. Posters telling men to go to war were designed to influence them, telling them that they helped, that they were Britain. War stories about German soldiers who killed Belgian babies and murdered Belgian nurses. This was hugely exaggerated to convince men to be apart of the war effort and to lower the German morale. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall, propaganda was very effective over the wartime period. It convinced men to war, women to work and everyone to do their bit. However as the war progressed, propaganda was seen as a less efficient way of making people contribute. ' The Battle Of The Somme', a film that was a great success, told about life at war. The film was so popular that 20million people watched it in the first 6 weeks. There was a controlled scene of two deaths, faked in a training trench This showed how tough war was. In the film it showed Britain as the stronger force, which was very effective because there was a mass audience. Propaganda was a great success for Britain. As the war progressed people started to realise that defeat was likely for Britain. Knowing this they made even more of an effort to keep Britain alive. The government could only use propaganda at the beginning of the war because people were naive then. People were gaining more information from soldiers who were bringing home stories which were different from what they were being told/reading. Finally the one thing that the government couldn't have predicted or controls were the British peoples emotions or the way that they felt, this was a huge draw back as well. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ben Patience 5/3/2007 ...read more.

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