• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why Stalin, and not Trotsky, emerged as Lenin's successor. The race for power in Russia began following the recovery of the Russian economy when Lenin

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sam Pedwell GCSE history coursework, Russia, question B. Explain why Stalin, and not Trotsky, emerged as Lenin's successor. The race for power in Russia began following the recovery of the Russian economy when Lenin after suffering several strokes and paralysis eventually died in the January of 1924 leaving the Russian people in mourning. For many people at the time Trotsky seemed like the obvious replacement for the almighty Lenin, and it was perhaps because of this, that Stalin did end up as leader of the USSR. Trotsky was previously better well known than Stalin; Trotsky had played crucial roles in both the 1917 revolution and the civil war whereas Stalin played relatively minor parts. Trotsky was a brilliant speaker and writer and a great asset to the Bolshevik party as hero of the Bolshevik revolution after leading his red guard. But perhaps most importantly, it seemed that he was favoured by the godly figure of Lenin. Trotsky's downfall seemed to be in the sense of false security that he felt within the Bolshevik party and his future role of leader. ...read more.

Middle

At the end of the 1920's after a long leadership contest Stalin decided to go for a scheme of rapid industrialisation. The majority of people both party members and citizens supported this and felt that Stalin's policies matched his actions and that they could relate to him. Stalin also put forward the policy of socialism in one country, the Russian people liked this as a policy because it was nationalistic, and it would give Russia a role in history as they would be forever remembered as the beginnings of socialism to which the rest of the world would follow. It also appealed to the peaceful side of the war torn Russian citizens who thought that such a policy would avoid the threat of war. This type of policy was much more appealing to Russia as a nation than Trotsky's policy of long term revolution and worldwide reform to communism, which would mean further war with other countries and money diverted from the people of Russia to support it. ...read more.

Conclusion

At Lenin's funeral Stalin made a speech confirming his "close and friendly relationship with Lenin". Stalin tried to associate himself with Lenin at every possible opportunity often having photos changed to picture the two together attempting to liken himself to the Russian people's idol, which he would use in his campaign of propaganda. Many of Trotsky's party members also feared his loyalty to the party and power within the party, and thought that he may use the might of his fearsome red army to start a dictatorship. It was both Stalin's strong political skills and the weaknesses of others around him that aided him in his rise to power, his ability to recognise an opportunity such as Lenin's funeral as a potential method of both promoting himself and demoting his opposition. He used his political skills to manipulate situations that had come about through luck; he changed his policies to fit in with the ideas of the times and played both the people of Russia and the politicians of Russia into accepting him as leader of the USSR. Sam Pedwell ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalin's Impact On Russia And The Russian People.

    There is much that could be and was criticised in the Five-Year Plans. Certainly there was a great deal of inefficiency, duplication of effort and waste, although the evidence shows that the Soviets did learn from their mistakes in the second and third Five-Year Plans.

  2. Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin

    out his opposition, people lived in fear and didn't have enough courage to speak out. This had a huge shirt term effects on The Russian people, they lived in fear of Stalin and he could take advantage of this power.

  1. Historians such as Pipes and Volkogonov have made the interpretation that Lenin was a ...

    than the freedom they had before the Civil War, and the peasants a freedom which they had never had. Laver, who holds a neutral view of both Lenin and communist revolution, believes that War Communism was a response to the Russian problems.

  2. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    The ballots are destroyed. 1934 Dec 1 - Kirov is assassinated by Nikolaev - a party member. His bodyguard was mysteriously absent. Stalin passes a decree giving the NKVD great powers to arrest and detain suspects. Stalin is implicated in the removal of Kirov, a potential rival.

  1. During his lifetime, Lenin made many important decisions and policies which affected every citizen ...

    Factories with fewer than twenty workers would be given back to their owners. 4. People could use money once again The NEP was a very controversial change in Lenin's policy and it brought the disapproval of many Bolshevik leaders who labeled it as a step back to capitalism, but

  2. Who Was More Important - Lenin Or Stalin?

    to overthrow the middle classes. Everyone would be equal regardless of occupations. However, this went against everything the NEP involved, as this was about making profit and working more to gain more rather than having the same amount as others.

  1. Blitzkreig coursework

    to the Blitzkrieg speed was a factor in the unexpected speed with which the Germans invaded France. This outdated slowness was epitimised by the 5 days scheduled for Corap�s Ninth Army to move to the Meuse with only cavalry protecting it on the other side.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    The assassin insisted he had acted alone, but he was executed with several other alleged accomplices. Consequences of the Kirov assassination: 1. Stalin used the event as an excuse to implement a reign of terror, first against leading party or ex-party members.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work