• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the Bolsheviks triumphed over their domestic and foreign opponents between 1917 and 1921.

Extracts from this document...


Explain why the Bolsheviks triumphed over their domestic and foreign opponents between 1917 and 1921. In order to gain total control of the Soviet State, Lenin and the Bolsheviks made commitments to several acts, which, by far, did not please most of their political opponents. They mistreated various soviet members, made allies which the main population of Russia were discontent with, lacked support because of their unfair participation in elections and were responsible for many economic declines. This led to many arduous problems in which the Bolsheviks had to go through great triumphs in order to overcome them. Despite their success, they went through great struggle because of their somewhat obstinate yet determined behavior. In November 1917, a revolution took place in order to overthrow the Provisional Government. This brought the Bolsheviks to power, as Lenin had launched a series of policies to win the support of the army, the peasants and the workers (The April Thesis). Nevertheless, the Bolsheviks were in control in Petrograd only, and they lacked support in other areas in Russia- there was long-term fighting until the soviet finally gained control and other cities were brought to heel. ...read more.


The Subsequent problem to this, was how to withdraw Russia from the war with Germany. The Bolsheviks did not want to surrender, but were trying to negotiate with the Germans on terms to finish the war between them. The final decision was the peace treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which was an actual crisis for Russia, as it resulted in huge territorial losses. The Germans took all the land they had control of, including Finland, Turkey, Rumania. Poland, the Baltic States, Georgia and the Ukraine. Russia also suffered a vast loss of infrastructure; 26% population, 27% of its best farming land and 74% of its coal and iron ore. Lenin still insisted it was worth it because it gave the Bolsheviks the space they needed to deal with their opponents inside Russia. H Because of this, many officers in the Russian army wanted to get rid of the Bolsheviks as they blamed Lenin for giving in to the Germans. Instead of success, the Bolsheviks kept gaining more and more oppositions. Many Russians began to join the whites because they were against the way that Lenin was using the Cheka to deal with his opponents and censored non-Bolshevik newspapers. ...read more.


It began to bring back 'kulaks' who were wealthier than the peasantry. There was a large amount of unemployed people in Russia. There was also lack of modern technology due to the use of old machinery and old farming methods when it came to the manufacture of food and industrial outputs. Also, prices of food and goods became high in NEP Russia, causing groups of more developed people, who have more money. This totally contradicted the ideal of communism. Basically, the introduction of the NEP conveyed Lenin's failure to get rid of capitalism. Overall, the Bolsheviks did go through triumph, mainly because of Lenin's various stubborn and determined decisions. We must acknowledge their good will for obedience and patience with Lenin and communism, for it did actually work out in the end (for a short while). Because of Lenin's faith for communism in Russia (USSR), he was faced with many problems which he and his people had to struggle to overcome, but were fortunately successful in the end. 1 Mastering modern world history- pg 310- "How successfully did the Bolsheviks deal with their problems?" 2 Lenin's Russia- Mr. Crowther's notes 3 'RUSSIA' - War Communism (Mr. Crowther's notes) 'Lenin's Russia' page 22-23 4 www.wikipedia.com- Lenin and the Bolsheviks Reina Hashash IB1-2 History Essay 2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    One of the early converts to Bolshevism was Vladimir Antonov-Ovseyenko, the former Menshevik, who joined the Bolsheviks in May. Karl Radek, who had been an internationalist throughout the war, but who was no Bolshevik, joined Lenin in Switzerland immediately following the February Revolution.

  2. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    Even though the Russian public and militants did not like the way the Provisional Government governed, not under any circumstance would they tolerate a German collaborator especially as they where fighting a war against them. Lenin's reputation dropped dramatically and Bolshevik support fell.

  1. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    In 1870 the Vatican Council enunciated the doctrine of papal infallibility, ruling that papal pronouncements on matters of faith and morals could not be questioned. It seemed certain that militant Catholicism would interfere in domestic affairs of states and support reactionary causes.

  2. The Bolsheviks won the civil war due to the mistakes of their opponents How ...

    This meant that Trotsky could co-ordinate his forces much better, and fight his enemies one at a time without having to deal with all of them at once.

  1. Describe the problems that faced the Bolsheviks in their first year in government and ...

    This was not so, and only Don Cossacks was reunited with Russia after the Civil War. Rather ironically, only the Jewish people were loyal to Russia throughout all this, despite being branded as traitors and conspirators by the Germans they were fighting.

  2. How did the Bolsheviks Triumph against their foreign and domestic opponents between 1917 and ...

    The Red Guards stormed the Winter Palace; this is where the Provisional Government worked. When all this was done the Bolsheviks started their consolidation of power by eliminating or exiling their direct enemies, Lenin was sent back from Switzerland where he was exiled.

  1. How did the Bolsheviks retain power in the crisis years from October 1917 to ...

    marks and lost one third of their agricultural land, four fifths of their coal mines and half of their industrial plants. This was bad for the Bolsheviks as the majority of their support came from the workers and so lost a lot of support.

  2. How important was Lenin in bringing about the Bolshevik revolution of November 1917?

    These two men give different pictures of the state of the belief the Bolsheviks had in their leader and therefore the importance of Lenin in his party. Potresov can not be treated as a completely reliable source of information because he was so close to Lenin, however he was there

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work