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Explain why the CCP were able to take power in 1949

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Introduction

Explain why the CCP were able to take power in 1949 In 1928, The GMD took control of China. However, Chiang's reign over this vast country was extremely unsuccessful; they rapidly lost support during the war with Japan, and so eventually lost power to the CCP after a three-year war. The turning point in the change of popular support came about when CCP finished the Long March; they got stronger every day from then on. Also, the Japanese war was a turning point; the population saw how weak the GMD army was to the mighty Red Army. This is why the Civil War occurred, and why the CCP took power of China in 1949. After the massacres in Shanghai, the CCP were had almost been crushed. Mao managed to set up the first communist soviet in Kiangsi. Gradually, over six years, the number of communists in this soviet rapidly increased; this was where the CCP could rebuild ready to strike back on the GMD. However, after a few poor attempts, Chiang and his army surrounded these villages, using the 'ring of steel', and so forced them on the Long March on 2 October 1934. In the next twelve months Mao and his followers would undertake one of the toughest adventures in history. ...read more.

Middle

A main problem was that not enough money reached the treasury, so the government could not take China forward. Of this small income, 33% was spent on paying off foreign debts, and a massive 40% was spent on Chiang's army. This left a tiny 27% for the government to spend on the 600 million population, most of which were very unhappy peasants. No Land Reforms took place, and so unfair landlords could easily prosper. Also, the conditions actually deteriorated through the years, because of lack of money and the fact that now the landlords were increasing the taxes charged on peasants rather than decreasing it, which was what the GMD promised in the first place. The government itself was in shambles as well; bribery and favouritsim were both very common. Chiang also was devoted to a military China, and a military government, meaning there was no democracy, or socialism; two of the three 'principles of the people'. Chiang became 'supreme leader' which did not help matters, and also set up a secret police known as the 'Blue Shirts', who could be compared to the Bolshevik 'Cheka'. This gave the GMD an extremely unpopular fascist side, whereas the CCP were kind and polite, and always tried to be helpful for the villagers wherever they could. ...read more.

Conclusion

Before this war, Chiang was always boasting about how great his army was, and how it could defeat any nation. During the war, he lost his best officers during the first weeks, and hid in the mountains using his pointless tactic of 'buying time for space' with his army for the next five years. However, the true demise came when the Americans came to help after Pearl Harbour in 1941. The Americans were happy to ship supplies over very dangerously into the mountains by airdrop, but the generals were infuriated when Chiang kept the weaponry and rations for the fight against the communists. He claimed that 'the Japanese are a disease of the skin, the communists are a disease of the heart'. Also, all the money shipped over was spent on himself, or his wife who was known to have a ridiculous amount of jewelry and money. This made the Americans even angrier, and so they eventually stopped helping the GMD, and saw how effective the CCP was at destroying the Japanese, and making the population happy. Eventually, the Japanese surrendered after the atom bomb in Hiroshima, but the GMD government was in tatters after the war, and it was only a few months before the CCP see the Civil War fall in their direction. Right from the start of the GMD in power, from 1928, there had been a lot of fighting between the two parties ...read more.

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