• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the CCP were able to take power in 1949

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why the CCP were able to take power in 1949 In 1928, The GMD took control of China. However, Chiang's reign over this vast country was extremely unsuccessful; they rapidly lost support during the war with Japan, and so eventually lost power to the CCP after a three-year war. The turning point in the change of popular support came about when CCP finished the Long March; they got stronger every day from then on. Also, the Japanese war was a turning point; the population saw how weak the GMD army was to the mighty Red Army. This is why the Civil War occurred, and why the CCP took power of China in 1949. After the massacres in Shanghai, the CCP were had almost been crushed. Mao managed to set up the first communist soviet in Kiangsi. Gradually, over six years, the number of communists in this soviet rapidly increased; this was where the CCP could rebuild ready to strike back on the GMD. However, after a few poor attempts, Chiang and his army surrounded these villages, using the 'ring of steel', and so forced them on the Long March on 2 October 1934. In the next twelve months Mao and his followers would undertake one of the toughest adventures in history. ...read more.

Middle

A main problem was that not enough money reached the treasury, so the government could not take China forward. Of this small income, 33% was spent on paying off foreign debts, and a massive 40% was spent on Chiang's army. This left a tiny 27% for the government to spend on the 600 million population, most of which were very unhappy peasants. No Land Reforms took place, and so unfair landlords could easily prosper. Also, the conditions actually deteriorated through the years, because of lack of money and the fact that now the landlords were increasing the taxes charged on peasants rather than decreasing it, which was what the GMD promised in the first place. The government itself was in shambles as well; bribery and favouritsim were both very common. Chiang also was devoted to a military China, and a military government, meaning there was no democracy, or socialism; two of the three 'principles of the people'. Chiang became 'supreme leader' which did not help matters, and also set up a secret police known as the 'Blue Shirts', who could be compared to the Bolshevik 'Cheka'. This gave the GMD an extremely unpopular fascist side, whereas the CCP were kind and polite, and always tried to be helpful for the villagers wherever they could. ...read more.

Conclusion

Before this war, Chiang was always boasting about how great his army was, and how it could defeat any nation. During the war, he lost his best officers during the first weeks, and hid in the mountains using his pointless tactic of 'buying time for space' with his army for the next five years. However, the true demise came when the Americans came to help after Pearl Harbour in 1941. The Americans were happy to ship supplies over very dangerously into the mountains by airdrop, but the generals were infuriated when Chiang kept the weaponry and rations for the fight against the communists. He claimed that 'the Japanese are a disease of the skin, the communists are a disease of the heart'. Also, all the money shipped over was spent on himself, or his wife who was known to have a ridiculous amount of jewelry and money. This made the Americans even angrier, and so they eventually stopped helping the GMD, and saw how effective the CCP was at destroying the Japanese, and making the population happy. Eventually, the Japanese surrendered after the atom bomb in Hiroshima, but the GMD government was in tatters after the war, and it was only a few months before the CCP see the Civil War fall in their direction. Right from the start of the GMD in power, from 1928, there had been a lot of fighting between the two parties ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the Communists come to power in China in 1949?

    It also proved to the public that the CCP were prepared to stand up against adversaries of the entire Chinese nation. It also showed the Nationalist party in a bad light, the public were starting to realise that the Nationalist party may not fulfil all of their promises.

  2. What was the Reason for the Communists Victory over The Guomingdang in 1949?

    The base was surrendered, but instead 100,000 men, women and children escaped and set off walking towards Shaanxi, a base situated in the far north of China some 6,200 miles from Jiangxi, pursued all the way by The GMD army.

  1. The Long March is embedded deep in the psychology of the Chinese communist party. ...

    As a result of the war, China had to agree to open up more to trade from European countries and ceded Hong Kong to Britain on 150 year lease - it was the expiry of this lease which led to the return of Hong Kong to Chinese hands in June 1997.

  2. Why did the Communists win in 1949?

    > Eventually, the people of China should become better off and be given more freedom. CCP > The state should take land from the landowners and redistribute it among the peasants. > The state should own and organize industry so that profits should not go to the rich factory owners but should be used to benefit everyone.

  1. During this piece of coursework I shall look at how China has changed since ...

    This went one for years but eventfully they went too far and Mao sent in the army to restore order once the red guard had served its purpose. Mao also planned to unite with the U.S.S.R the other communist nation.

  2. For what reason did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?

    No country, no matter how much they have been restrained, will sit back and watch countries who supposedly are doing 'the better for mankind' acting like um-democratic people, in a so called democratic world. Japan had tried to be civil, and had asked America to be slightly lenient, but as America would never go back on sanctions, they had refused.

  1. American History.

    These cycles were known as boom-and-bust cycles. - The first crash occurred in Panic of 1819 - avid speculation on Western lands had led to a precarious situation, and when manufacturing fell in 1818, prices fell drastically. This devastated workers. - What caused the boom-and-bust cycles? Direct result of the market economy b/c prosperity first stimulated demand

  2. Khrushchev's Decline and Fall.

    In a few cases, dissident writers such as Valery Tarsis and Alexander Esenin-Volpin (son of the peasant poet of the twenties)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work